Published on March 7, 2014
• It is the time period from the age of 6 until the age of 12 years • It is in late childhood that the first signs of puberty usually begin to appear. • A lot of growth is experienced by both boys and girls during late childhood.
DEVELOPMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS • • • • • • • • Troublesome age Sloppy age Quarrelsome age Elementary school age Critical period Gang age Creative age Play age
DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS • • • • Physical development Social development Cognitive development Emotional development
Physical Development • • • • • • • Variety of activities More complex motor skills Strength Balance and coordination Small warm-up Progressive activities Catering to different growth rates
Social Development • • • • • • • • • • Enjoyment Individual work Rotation of roles Cooperative work Independent responsibility Problem solving activities Leadership opportunities Fair play Shared expectations Team culture
Cognitive Development • • • • Leadership skills Differing reasoning skills Use of analogies in explanation Decision-making and problem solving opportunities • Individual identify • Social comparison.
Emotional Development • • • • • • • Positive Caring environment Praise and encouragement All experience success Use of role models Success in meeting challenges Feeling of self-worth, mood swings.
DEVELOPMENTAL HAZARDS • Physical hazards • Psychological hazards
Physical Hazards • • • • • • • Illness Obesity Sex-inappropriate Body Build Accidents Physical Disabilities Awkwardness Homeliness
Psychological Hazards • • • • • • • • • • Speech Emotional Social Play Conceptual Moral Hazards associated with interests Sex-role typing Family-Relationship Personality Development
PUBERTY • the period during which growing boys or girls undergo the process of sexual maturation • Puberty involves a series of biological, or physical transformations, the process can also have an effect on the psychosocial and emotional development.
Sexual Interest • Dating – i.e., going with other sexes • Physical intimacy – kissing, petting • Masturbation – preoccupation with sexuality • e.g., frequently makes references to sexuality – interest in sexual media
Late childhood Physical development · In the life span of Late childhood the physical development is slow and steady, as it was in early childhood.
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There are a number of different theories and models to describe the various child development stages. Learn more about some of the most prominent theories.