Demonstrative Adjectives And Pronouns

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Information about Demonstrative Adjectives And Pronouns

Published on December 10, 2007

Author: clarrotta

Source: slideshare.net

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Adjetivos y Pronombres Demonstrativos en español.

 

near not too far far Demonstrative adjectives are used to point out people, places, and objects. Not that demonstrative adjectives precede the noun they modify. They also agree in gender and number with that noun.

The masculine and feminine demonstrative pronouns have the same form as the demonstrative adjectives and, with the exception of the neuter forms, they have a written accent mark. They also agree in number and gender with the noun to which they refer. The neuter pronouns are used to refer to non-specific or unidentified objects, abstract ideas, or actions and situations in a general sense. This (one) These (ones) That (one) Those (ones) That (one) Those (ones) Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural Masculine éste éstos ése ésos aquél aquéllos Feminine ésta éstas ésa ésas aquélla aquéllas neuter esto eso aquello

use these patterns to express superiority or inferiority: más (menos) + adjective + que más (menos) + adverb + que más (menos) + noun + que If the comparative is followed by a number , use de rather than que . Hay menos de veinte alumnos en la clase. There are less than twenty students in the class. Él tiene más de noventa años. He is more than ninety years old. (Literally: He has more than ninety years.)

use these patterns to express superiority or inferiority:

más (menos) + adjective + que más (menos) + adverb + que más (menos) + noun + que

If the comparative is followed by a number , use de rather than que .

Hay menos de veinte alumnos en la clase. There are less than twenty students in the class. Él tiene más de noventa años. He is more than ninety years old. (Literally: He has more than ninety years.)

tan + adjective (adverb) + como El libro es tan bueno como la película. (The book is as good as the movie.) El chico es tan alto como la chica. (The boy is as tall as the girl.)

tan + adjective (adverb) + como El libro es tan bueno como la película. (The book is as good as the movie.) El chico es tan alto como la chica. (The boy is as tall as the girl.)

There are two types of superlative: relative and absolute. Relative: John is the smartest boy in the class. Absolute: John is very smart. The relative superlative describes a noun within the context of some larger group. John is the smartest boy in the class . Mary is the youngest person in the room . The absolute superlative does not describe the noun in the context of a larger group. John is very smart. The book is extremely expensive. In English, the relative superlative is formed by using the word "most" or the ending "-est." John is the most intelligent boy in the class. Mary is the smartest girl in the class. In Spanish, the relative superlative construction is similar to the comparative. definite article + noun + más (menos) + adjective + de Juan es el chico más inteligente de la clase. John is the smartest boy in the class. Bill Gates es el hombre más rico de los EEUU. Bill Gates is the richest man in the U.S.

There are two types of superlative: relative and absolute.

Relative: John is the smartest boy in the class. Absolute: John is very smart.

The relative superlative describes a noun within the context of some larger group.

John is the smartest boy in the class . Mary is the youngest person in the room .

The absolute superlative does not describe the noun in the context of a larger group.

John is very smart. The book is extremely expensive.

In English, the relative superlative is formed by using the word "most" or the ending "-est."

John is the most intelligent boy in the class. Mary is the smartest girl in the class.

In Spanish, the relative superlative construction is similar to the comparative.

definite article + noun + más (menos) + adjective + de

Juan es el chico más inteligente de la clase. John is the smartest boy in the class. Bill Gates es el hombre más rico de los EEUU. Bill Gates is the richest man in the U.S.

Just like in English, the noun can be omitted. All of the following are correct. María es la chica más delgada de la clase. Mary is the thinnest girl in the class. María es la más delgada de la clase. Mary is the thinnest in the class. The absolute superlative for adjectives has three possible forms. muy + adjective sumamente + adjective adjective + ísimo (-a, -os, -as) The following translations are somewhat arbitrary. Each superlative statement is a little stronger than the one that precedes it. muy guapo very handsome sumamente guapo extremely handsome guapísimo indescribably handsome

Just like in English, the noun can be omitted. All of the following are correct.

María es la chica más delgada de la clase. Mary is the thinnest girl in the class. María es la más delgada de la clase. Mary is the thinnest in the class.

The absolute superlative for adjectives has three possible forms.

muy + adjective sumamente + adjective adjective + ísimo (-a, -os, -as)

The following translations are somewhat arbitrary. Each superlative statement is a little stronger than the one that precedes it.

muy guapo very handsome sumamente guapo extremely handsome guapísimo indescribably handsome

The following adjectives have irregular forms for the comparative and the superlative: Adjective: bueno (good) Comparative: mejor (better) Superlative: el/la mejor (best) Adjective: malo (bad) Comparative: peor (worse) Superlative: el/la peor (the worst)

The following adjectives have irregular forms for the comparative and the superlative:

Adjective: bueno (good) Comparative: mejor (better) Superlative: el/la mejor (best) Adjective: malo (bad) Comparative: peor (worse) Superlative: el/la peor (the worst)

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