Democracy: Bill of Rights Lecture

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Information about Democracy: Bill of Rights Lecture

Published on October 15, 2017

Author: pwannebo


Democracy and the bill of rights: Democracy and the bill of rights Mr. wannebo’s American Government class The bill of rights: the first ten amendments to the United States constitution: The bill of rights: the first ten amendments to the United States constitution Take notes during the lecture to better recall information for the accompanying worksheet and questions. Think about which Amendment, or more than one, stand out to you above the rest in terms of its importance to our modern, everyday lives. The First amendment: The First amendment The 1 st Amendment guarantees us five essential ‘rights’ as citizens of the United States To speak freely (Freedom of Speech) To believe in any religion we want, and to practice it how we see fit (Freedom of Religion) To peacefully assemble, or meet together (Freedom to Assemble) To petition, or redress our government, about things we don ’ t like in our country (Freedom to Petition) To write, or publish News, Articles, Television, Radio, and Internet, without censorship by the Government (Freedom of the Press) Some thoughts and questions on limitations : Some thoughts and questions on limitations The First Amendment takes into account most of our basic rights as citizens, but they also do have some limitations. While we have free speech, there is some speech that is NOT protected. Words and speech meant to incite violence, words and statements meant to cause panic, and making intentionally false public statements to make someone look bad are a few examples. While we have the freedom to believe in what we want, we don ’ t have complete freedom in the practice of our religion. Our religious practices cannot interfere or impede anyone else’s rights. We have the freedom to assemble, but we cannot cause a public nuisance, or become violent. Some questions to think about … If we are to have freedom to feel however we want in America, why cant we say whatever we want? If words about violence don ’ t physically harm another person, what's the big deal? “I know its not cool, but should it really be illegal ?” Free speech, hate speech, protected speech?: Free speech, hate speech, protected speech? https:// / watch?v =5sQsPJF6iDE When did it turn illegal? Did it turn illegal? The second amendment: The second amendment The 2 nd Amendment protects our right to “keep, and bear arms” This means that we, as citizens, can own personal firearms to protect ourselves, our families and our property. Can we own any kind of firearm we want? Would we be in legal trouble if we owned an automatic machine gun? Something to think about when looking at the second amendment: Something to think about when looking at the second amendment When the Constitution was ratified, the average firearm in use was a single fire, black powder musket. Thanks to technological advances in the world, we now have all manner of firearms at our disposal. Semi-automatic handguns, semi-automatic carbine assault rifles, pump-action shotguns, long range, bolt-action rifles, and that isn't counting the belt fed, fully automatic, high cyclic rate machine guns our military uses. Shown to the right is a graph, from the CDC, that tries to illustrate a disturbing trend within our country in modern times. It tries to show that States within our country with the most gun ownership have the higher rates of gun related deaths. What do you think? Should we leave the Amendment the way it is, as the founder’s intended? O r should we see if we can modify it for a rapidly changing, modern world? There isn't a right or wrong answer here, just how you see it. Be honest. The third amendment: The third amendment “No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.” This means that we cannot be forced, as private citizens, to house American soldiers in our houses without our express consent. Why is this law important enough to be in the Bill of Rights? What happened before the Constitution was written that made the men writing it put this in there? The fourth amendment: The fourth amendment The 4 th Amendment protects us, as citizens, from “unreasonable searches and seizures.” This means that the government, namely law enforcement and the courts, cannot enter our houses without a valid warrant. It also means that they cannot seize our personal property without both a warrant AND probable cause, meaning a very good reason. The fifth amendment: The fifth amendment The 5 th Amendment has 3 very important rights that protect us: We cannot be held for committing a crime, unless we have been validly accused and properly indicted (charged) We cannot be tried more than once for the same crime. This is called ‘Double Jeopardy’ We cannot be forced to testify against ourselves in court. This is referred to as ‘self-incrimination’. The sixth amendment: The sixth amendment The 6 th Amendment guarantees us 4 very important rights as citizens: The right to a “speedy trial.” This means that we cannot be kept in jail for an unreasonably long amount of time before we get a trial. The right to an impartial jury. This means that the jury cant be prejudiced against you, nor already believe you guilty before the trial starts. The right to confront and face your accusers. The right to an attorney The seventh amendment: The seventh amendment The 7 th Amendment guarantees a speedy Civil trial. The difference between a civil and criminal trial is that a civil trial is when another citizen, or organization sues you for something it believes you did, or said. A criminal trial is when the Federal or State government prosecutes you for a crime. The eighth amendment: The eighth amendment The 8 th Amendment guarantees two very important rights: T hat if convicted of a crime by the Federal or State governments, that the punishment for said crime will not be “cruel or unusual”, but fair. That fines set will not be extraordinarily big, or expensive. But who, or what, determines what is cruel and unusual? Who decides how large a fine must be before it is too large? The ninth amendment: The ninth amendment The 9 th Amendment states that all rights not clearly defined by the Constitution, and not expressly forbidden within the Constitution, belong “to the people” This can be given to mean that the State’s can decide to do what they want IF the Constitution doesn't forbid it. Do you think this much freedom to each state, to run things its own way, is a good thing? How so? Or how is it not? The tenth amendment: The tenth amendment The 10 th , and final Amendment included in the Bill of Rights states that any power not specifically “granted” to the Federal government belongs to the states, or to the people. What is the difference between granting something to “the state’s” or to “the people?”

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