Published on April 27, 2014
Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud Defense MechanismsDefense Mechanisms Malik ManasrahMalik Manasrah Najah National UniversityNajah National University
RepressionRepression What you do: • Keep painful thoughts and feelings away from consciousness. • Don’t think about it! Examples: • Early abuse • Lies you have told • Painful memories Problems: • Diverts needed energy • Blocks out stressful situations that could be worked out
DenialDenial • Ego feels anxiety from perception of strong external or internal danger it can’t escape or deal with directly What you do: • Tell yourself it is not happening • Tell yourself it is not your fault • Conscious denial
DisplacementDisplacement Feeling: • anxiety • anger What you do: • Direct the feeling away from its actual target to another, safer target
ProjectionProjectionWhat you do: • Attribute your own undesirable impulses, feeling, or desires to another person Examples: • “I hate her” really means “I think she hates me” Problems: • Misperceive the other person’s motivations • Don’t deal with your own feelings • Overreaction
Reaction-FormationReaction-Formation What you do: • In defense against the threatening impulse, express the opposite impulse. Examples: • Someone frightens you so you act super nice • Someone frightens you so you snub them • The sex offender becomes the great protector of society. Problems: • False persona
RationalizationRationalization What you do: • Make up excuses for inadequacies, failure, or loss Examples: • If I had wanted to try hard, I could have done it too. • If my friend were more understanding, I wouldn’t have to loose my temper. • If I wanted to I could have a body like his/hers. • If I had better teachers, I would have gotten higher grades. Problems: • Energy would be better spent on improving. • The truth catches up with you.
CompensationCompensation What you do: • Develop or strengthen positive traits to make up for limitations • Distract attention from the weaknesses Examples: • Weak in school, excellent in sports. • Class clown Problems: • Unbalanced • Incompetent in some areas
RegressionRegression What you do: • Revert back to behavior of an earlier stage • Use childhood coping mechanisms Examples: • Temper tantrums, swearing, fighting, sulking, crying Problems: • Does not solve the problem • People think you are immature • You are not learning to cope well
FantasyFantasyWhat you do: • Dreaming, imagining instead of living in the present world, because you don’t feel competent to achieve. • Pretending Examples: • Wanting to look good and pretending to yourself that you are one of the movie stars you read about. • Making up stories about how successful you are, rather than working on your success. Problems: • You get stuck in the fantasy rather than using your talents to become successful.
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We use defense mechanisms to protect ourselves from feelings of anxiety or guilt, which arise because we feel threatened, or because our id or superego ...
Defense Mechanisms. When people experience difficulties, they have different ways of handling their pain. ... Name of Defense Mechanism: Description: Example:
An example might be an honest person who cheats on their income tax return and keeps their ... APA Reference Grohol, J. (2016). 15 Common Defense Mechanisms.
Ego Defense Mechanisms. We stated earlier that the ego’s job was to satisfy the id’s impulses, not offend the moralistic character of the superego ...
For example, when the id impulses ... Addiction and its Mechanisms of Defense. Heffner, C.L. (2001). Psychology 101. Niolon, R. (1999). PsychPage: Defense.
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PSYCHOLOGICAL DEFENSE MECHANISMS: ANEW PERSPECTIVE Brad Bowins ... For example, repetitively thinking about the possibility of being laid off from a valued
An example may be found in a case of hysterical amnesia, ... What Freud termed defense mechanisms are developed by the ego to deal with such conflicts.
Learn about defense mechanisms and how they help people cope with difficult situations. Explore the most common types of defense mechanisms and...
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