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Published on October 19, 2007

Author: Arundel0

Source: authorstream.com

History, culture, practise and design of Direct Democracy in Switzerland a short introduction from Andreas Gross (MP/Pol.Scientist/ADD):  History, culture, practise and design of Direct Democracy in Switzerland a short introduction from Andreas Gross (MP/Pol.Scientist/ADD) www.andigross.ch IRI Direct Democracy Study Trip to Europe St-Ursanne (Jura-Switzerland) Sept 25 2004 Direct Democracy (DD) in Switzerland (and the U.S.A.) was supported by history:  Direct Democracy (DD) in Switzerland (and the U.S.A.) was supported by history There was never a nobel feudal regime You had a tradition and culture of decentralisation of power and selfruling You had experiences in managing diversity You had and still have a multitude of cultural,religious, linguistic and economic diversity Direct Democracy (DD) in Switzerland (+ U.S.A.) was a oppositional achievement: By the people for the people:  Direct Democracy (DD) in Switzerland (+ U.S.A.) was a oppositional achievement: By the people for the people The liberal founders of modern Switzerland (1848) were elitist They created a parlament.democracy by which‘s parliament many people did not feel to be represented Thats why they asked for constitutional reforms which give them „the last word“ Modern Direct Democracy (DD) was not made in Switzerland – it was only best practised and developed in CH :  Modern Direct Democracy (DD) was not made in Switzerland – it was only best practised and developed in CH You had early „assembly-selfruling“ in some swiss cantons and some New England States in the 17.century Modern referendum is a innovation of the Frech Revolution (1793) The citizens initiatives is a product of revolutionaries of France and Germany of 1848 1869 in Zuerich:A weak DD-Instrument enabled the people to realise a democratic revolution :  1869 in Zuerich:A weak DD-Instrument enabled the people to realise a democratic revolution The gov tried to undermine the opposition movement by implementing the „Initiative for the total revision of the Constitution“ (1865) 2 years later: In 10 days 20‘000 sign. were gathered and a peacefull revolution started The 3 cornerstones of a modern Direct Democracy :  The 3 cornerstones of a modern Direct Democracy Voting at the ballot-box or by mail, not in a assembly The secrecy of the vote has to be respected A minority of the citizens say, when all the citizens have to vote – not a president or a parliament („plebiscitarian“ rule) Direct Democracy is a set of participatorial citizen rights: B. Federal level (Zuerich 2005):  Direct Democracy is a set of participatorial citizen rights: B. Federal level (Zuerich 2005) 1,2,3,4, + Legislative popular initiative Constructive citizens referendum Obligatorial finance referendum Individual initiative The right of the Parliament for counter-proposals, optional vote Direct Democracy is a set of participatorial citizen rights: A. Cantonal level :  Direct Democracy is a set of participatorial citizen rights: A. Cantonal level Constitutional Referendum Optional legislative Referendum Constitutional popular Initiative Referendum against threaties „General“ Initiative: Proposition to the Parliament

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