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Published on June 18, 2007

Author: Brainy007

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  DRUG ABUSE RECOVERY TOOLS: Maps, Games, and Mind Play Don Dansereau Psychology Department Texas Christian University December, 2002 University of Texas Slide2:  Slide3:  Cognitive Enhancement Funding History Drug Abuse Treatment And Research (DATAR I, D. Dwayne Simpson – Principle Investigator) Cognitive Enhancements for the Treatment of Probationers (CETOP I, Don Dansereau – Principle Investigator) DATAR II CETOP II DATAR III 1989-1995 1994-2000 1995-2002 2000-present 1999-present Slide4:  Slide5:  Enhanced Readiness Enhanced Counseling Special Topics     Will Core (Motivation) Skill (Personal Resources) Session Support Counseling   ● Downward Cognitive Awareness and Control ● Micro Modules ● Free Maps ● 12 Step Manual Spiral ○ Sudden Strengths ● Guide Maps ● Parenting - Logical Thinking -Self Awareness/ ○ Rafting/Mind Play ● Information ● Time Out for me ● Map Magic Self Control ○ Flash Mapping Maps ● Time Out for men ● Skills booklets ● Under Construction ● Straight Ahead #2,5, and 8 ● Skills Booklet #7 -Creativity -Social Awareness/ ● Thought Communication Team ● Viewpoint game ● Skills booklet #6 -Memory ● Skills Booklets -Emotional Control #3 and 4 ● Inward Bound ● Skills Booklet #9   Figure 3  TCU DRUG ABUSE RECOVERY TOOLS Slide6:  Slide7:  Theory Based Evidence Based Pragmatically Based Flexible Engaging Easy To Learn and Use Comprehensive content based on Simpson’s process model Design characteristics based on Simpson’s technology transfer model Demonstrated effectiveness in a variety of settings Numerous published reports of effectiveness Modular, all components can be used independently Open to counselor development andamp; tailoring Can be used in a variety of settings (e.g., large andamp; small groups, CJ, and community programs Can be used independently by clients (e.g., homework) Heavy use of games andamp; 'hands on' activities Humor andamp; popular culture integrated into many components Involving, counter- intuitive demonstrations used to initiate andamp; maintain interest 2 hour workshops are sufficient for most components Can be easily integrated into most settings Descriptions andamp; instruction are presented in a 'user friendly' style CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TCU DRUG ABUSE RECOVERY TOOLS Slide8:  Enhanced Readiness Enhanced Counseling Special Topics     Will Core (Motivation) Skill (Personal Resources) Session Support Counseling   ● Downward Cognitive Awareness and Control ● Micro Modules ● Free Maps ● 12 Step Manual Spiral ○ Sudden Strengths ● Guide Maps ● Parenting - Logical Thinking -Self Awareness/ ○ Rafting/Mind Play ● Information ● Time Out for me ● Map Magic Self Control ○ Flash Mapping Maps ● Time Out for men ● Skills booklets ● Under Construction ● Straight Ahead #2,5, and 8 ● Skills Booklet #7 -Creativity -Social Awareness/ ● Thought Communication Team ● Viewpoint game ● Skills booklet #6 -Memory ● Skills Booklets -Emotional Control #3 and 4 ● Inward Bound ● Skills Booklet #9   TCU DRUG ABUSE RECOVERY TOOLS Slide9:  Research Approach Slide10:  Steps to Readiness Enhancing Steps to Readiness: 2 Examples Slide11:  Slide12:  Slide13:  Downward Spiral is a board game like Monopoly Players roll the dice and land on a square (each has its own symbol/color) Cards (with matching symbol/color) are read to players Players mark points lost on score sheet Playing downward spiral Slide14:  Slide15:  Your kids are caught using drugs at school and they say they got the drugs from you. Lose 5 Family pts. Slide16:  Downward Spiral Personal Assets Score Sheet Jail Health Thinking/ Judgment Physical Emotions/ Sanity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Self-concept Self-Confidence Personal Accomplishment Personal Satisfaction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Social Support Friends Family Significant Other 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Personal Assets worth car computer TV/VCR stereo Compact disks camera jewelry $5,000 $1,000 $200 $200 $200 $60 $150 Slide17:  Social Support Significant Other Family Friends 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Lose 5 Family pts. Slide18:  Downward Spiral Personal Assets Score Sheet Jail Health Thinking/ Judgment Physical Emotions/ Sanity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Self-concept Self-Confidence Personal Accomplishment Personal Satisfaction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Social Support Friends Family Significant Other 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Personal Assets worth car computer TV/VCR stereo Compact disks camera jewelry $5,000 $1,000 $200 $200 $200 $60 $150 Health Social Support Self Concept Financial Legal Downward Spiral Squares:  Downward Spiral Squares Health Recovery Social Support Self-Concept Financial/Legal Chance Square Death Safe Squares Transports You Opportunity Money Slide20:  downward spiral Game summary • Start the game with $200 • Each Roll a die to see who rolls first • Roll 3 dice and move the total number of spaces indicated • Select the card that matches the square and read it to the group • follow the instructions on the game card • Keep track of what occurs on your score sheet You Lose if: • You Die by losing all of your health points • You die by landing on a death square • you go to jail 4 times • you recover by landing on the recovery square • You outlast other players • your opponents select you as the winner You Win if: Slide21:  Three Major Components 1. Tower of Strengths Calibrating self-esteem through a personal inventory of actual and desired strengths 2. Building Blocks Using Quotes for inspiration and motivation 3. Putting it all Together Personal problem solving using strengths and quotes Under Construction Slide22:  Friendly S Athletic H Slide23:  Mistakes are a fact of life. It is the response that counts. Nikki Giovanni (born 1943) U.S. Poet Slide24:  Use Quotes as 'Building Blocks' to help you achieve your Desired Strengths Slide25:  able to express feelings Persistent Determined Willing to take a stand Dealing with the stress from my Dad!! The supreme happiness of life is the conviction we are loved!! Slide26:  Rationale Targeted Skills Slide27:  Slide28:  I wish I was more Spiritual I wish I had more confidence in myself 1. Players select 2 problems from Problem Deck I wish I had more confidence in myself I wish I was more Spiritual 2. Players select 5 New View cards 3. Players try to apply New View cards to any of the problems 'I think a key could apply to your spirituality. Maybe by unlocking or opening yourself to new ideas, you will allow yourself to be more spiritual.' Players receive one bead from each player who felt the advice was actually helpful 5. There are multiple winners Most Beads Overall Most Blue Beads (focused on own problems) Most Green Beads (focused on other’s problems) Most Clear Beads (Most Cooperative with others) Slide29:  Enhanced Readiness Enhanced Counseling Special Topics     Will Core (Motivation) Skill (Personal Resources) Session Support Counseling   ● Downward Cognitive Awareness and Control ● Micro Modules ● Free Maps ● 12 Step Manual Spiral ○ Sudden Strengths ● Guide Maps ● Parenting - Logical Thinking -Self Awareness/ ○ Rafting/Mind Play ● Information ● Time Out for me ● Map Magic Self Control ○ Flash Mapping Maps ● Time Out for men ● Skills booklets ● Under Construction ● Straight Ahead #2,5, and 8 ● Skills Booklet #7 -Creativity -Social Awareness/ ● Thought Communication Team ● Viewpoint game ● Skills booklet #6 -Memory ● Skills Booklets -Emotional Control #3 and 4 ● Inward Bound ● Skills Booklet #9     TCU DRUG ABUSE RECOVERY TOOLS Slide30:  • RAFTing is a Relaxation And Focusing technique • Research suggests it reduces cravings, heightens mental clarity, reduces blood pressure, pain, and much more. (Benson, 2000) • Mind Play is an activity designed to heighten appreciation for mental imagery and to explore its application to life situations • We are just beginning to examine its effectiveness Slide31:  RAFTing Why do it? What is it? How do you do it? Rafting is a technique that uses relaxation and a mental focus to gain emotional control and to harness your mental capabilities. RAFT stands for: Relax and Focus Technique 'Because, Everyone Cool Does!!' Actually, Olympic athletes, Tiger Woods, businessmen and women, and others all use the technique to improve their lives and their performance. 1. Find a quiet and comfortable location. 2. Allow your muscles to relax. 3. Focus on your breaths going in and out, or repeat a word, phrase, or focus on an object. Slide32:  Mind Play Why do it? What is it? How do you do it? Mind play is using 'Mental Pictures' or imagery to unlock your creative and forward thinking potentials. It lets you practice for important events in your mind. EXAMPLES: Improvement on skills such as free throws, dart throwing, and spiking in volleyball. 1. RAFT 2. Choose a topic for your Mind Play 3. Get a clear mental picture of what will happen 4. See yourself succeed. Rationale Behind Node-Link Mapping:  Rationale Behind Node-Link Mapping Counseling involves helping clients understand and manage their personal problems and issues. Cognitive psychologists have determined that the critical step is defining and representing the problem. Visual representations are recommended ('A picture is worth a thousand words'). There is limited use of visuals in counseling (no general purpose system available). TCU node-link mapping system may be the answer. Main “Parts” of Node-Link Maps:  Main 'Parts' of Node-Link Maps A node, which is just an idea captured in a box, circle, or other shape For Example: Links (named or not) which show the relationship between nodes For Example: EX 'An Example of a Blockbuster Movie is Titanic' Slide35:  Node-Link Mapping T T Knowledge Maps Free Mapping Guide Maps T C C C C C C C C C Slide36:  Knowledge Map Slide37:  Dealing With Relapse 'Finally accept the fact that I may need help.' Hit rock bottom Realize you may be weak Denial Put blame on others Hurting others Positive thoughts Desire to be clean P P P P L L Ex P Free Mapping Slide38:  Your Goal 1 Why do you want to reach this goal? What steps should you take? 1. 2. 3. 4. 2 3 4 5 6 Problems you might encounter? Ways of dealing with the problems? C C C C P Find an AA sponsor I want to be able to stay clean I want to be a good parent My higher power My parents My kids Go to several local AA meetings Select the one I feel the most comfortable at Talk to some members Just ask one!! May be too nervous to ask Transportation may be a problem Remind myself how important this is to do I could take the bus, or walk Slide39:  The Set of Link Types Actions Influences Leads to Next Descriptions Characteristic Part Type Illustrations Analogy Comment Example Name Symbol USE OF MAPS IN A COUNSELING SESSION:  USE OF MAPS IN A COUNSELING SESSION Focus attention on the topic at hand Easy reference to past discussions Way of getting off 'dead center' – Link types provide ready-made questions to ask Provide a workspace for exploring possible changes and corrective actions Memory aid for client and counselor Slide41:  Counseling Session New Ideas Memory Communication Focus C C C C Important Features of a Counseling Session That Mapping Improves Slide42:  Communication P P Dansereau, Joe, Dees, andamp; Simpson, 1996 Blankenship, Dees, andamp; Dansereau, 1997 (conference presentation) Pitre, Dansereau, andamp; Joe, 1996 Newbern, Dansereau, andamp; Pitre, 1999 P Slide43:  Focus Czuchry, Dansereau, Dees, andamp; Simpson, 1995 Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1995 Joe, Dansereau, andamp; Simpson, 1994 Dansereau, Dees, Greener, andamp; Simpson, 1995 Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1993 Knight, D., Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1994 P P Slide44:  Idea Producing Collier, Czuchry, Dansereau, andamp; Pitre, 2001 Dansereau, Dees, Greener, andamp; Simpson, 1995 Newbern, Dansereau, andamp; Dees, 1997 P P P P L L Czuchry andamp; Dansereau, 1999 Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1993 Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1993 Pitre, Dansereau, andamp; Simpson, 1997 Slide45:  More Memorable P P N Holley andamp; Dansereau, 1984 Rewey, Dansereau, Skaggs, Hall, andamp; Pitre, 1989 Rewey, Dansereau, andamp; Peel, 1991 Knight, Boatler, andamp; Simpson, 1991 Knight, K., Simpson, andamp; Dansereau, 1994 Slide46:  Therapeutic Alliance Increased Client Rapport Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1993 Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1996 Dansereau, Joe, Dees, andamp; Simpson, 1996 Stronger Alliance Simpson, Joe, Rowan-Szal, andamp; Greener, 1997 P P Slide47:  During Treatment Self Assessments Pitre, Dees, Dansereau, andamp; Simpson, 1997 Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1993 Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1995 Dansereau, Joe, Dees, andamp; Simpson, 1996 Joe, Dansereau, Simpson, 1994 Pitre, Dansereau, Newbern, andamp; Simpson, 1997 Newbern, Dansereau, andamp; Pitre, 1999 Blankenship, Dees, andamp; Dansereau, 1997 Newbern, Dansereau, andamp; Pitre, 1999 Czuchry, Dansereau, Dees, andamp; Simpson, 1995 Knight, D., Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1994 Pitre, Dansereau, Newbern, andamp; Simpson, 1997 Self Confidence Self Efficacy Therapeutic Progress Problem Solving Positive Affective Responses P P P P P Slide48:  During Treatment Behavioral Indicators Czuchry, Dansereau, Dees, andamp; Simpson, 1995 Dansereau, Joe, Dees, andamp; Simpson, 1996 Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1993 Joe, Dansereau, andamp; Simpson, 1994 Czuchry, Dansereau, Dees, andamp; Simpson, 1995 Dansereau, Joe, andamp; Simpson, 1995 Dees, Dansereau, Simpson, 1997 P P Slide49:  Post Treatment Behavioral Indicators P P P Pitre, Dansereau, andamp; Joe, 1996 Joe, Dansereau, andamp; Simpson, 1997 Pitre, Dansereau, andamp; Joe, 1996 Joe, Dansereau, andamp; Simpson, 1997 Pitre, Dansereau, andamp; Joe, 1996 Slide50:  Enhanced Readiness Enhanced Counseling Special Topics     Will Core (Motivation) Skill (Personal Resources) Session Support Counseling   ● Downward Cognitive Awareness and Control ● Micro Modules ● Free Maps ● 12 Step Manual Spiral ○ Sudden Strengths ● Guide Maps ● Parenting - Logical Thinking -Self Awareness/ ○ Rafting/Mind Play ● Information ● Time Out for me ● Map Magic Self Control ○ Flash Mapping Maps ● Time Out for men ● Skills booklets ● Under Construction ● Straight Ahead #2,5, and 8 ● Skills Booklet #7 -Creativity -Social Awareness/ ● Thought Communication Team ● Viewpoint game ● Skills booklet #6 -Memory ● Skills Booklets -Emotional Control #3 and 4 ● Inward Bound ● Skills Booklet #9     TCU DRUG ABUSE RECOVERY TOOLS

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