Published on April 16, 2008
Slide1: “The Puck Stops Here With Danny Flynn” A legend for St. F X Athletics Jarrod MacEachern, Mark MacLeod & Lance Hawley History of Sport April 2007 Hk 352 The Journey to Success Introduction A Champion at all Levels References Future Research : . Flynn has a great amount of experience and success as both head and assistant coaches. Along with his right hand man, Ted Nolan, Danny broke into the Ontario Hockey league and captured three straight OHL championships and a Memorial Cup in 1993 with the Sault St. Marie Greyhounds. In 1994 Danny accepted the coaching position at ST. FX where he would stay for ten years. He led the X-Men hockey team to a Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) national championship in 2004, (the schools first and only championship) and two other finals appearances in 2001 and 2002. He recorded a total of 177 career wins making him the all time winningest X-Men coach and 17th overall in all CIAU history. In 2005-06 Flynn coached the Moncton Wildcats on the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League and helped them capture a League Championship and a silver medal at the Memorial Cup. Flynn also had some experience coaching internationally as he coached five national teams. He won gold three times which include, in 1992 with the Under-18 Canadian Team, in 1994 with at the World Junior Championships and the 1998 Spangler Cup. He also added a bronze medal to his resume in 1995 with Team Canada at the World Hockey Championships. Flynn had taken the next step and began his first year in the NHL with the New York Islanders as an assistant coach where he looks to share his success and help his team win a Stanley Cup. Danny Flynn is presently an Assistant Coach with the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League, however the long journey to the big time started in small time Nova Scotia hundreds of miles away from the closest professional hockey team. Danny Flynn grew up on Francis Street in central Dartmouth playing his minor hockey in the Dartmouth Minor hockey Association (DMHA. Danny began to grow as a player and his passion for the game increased each time he laced up his skates. Flynn had a great interest in the game but knew that education was vital to success as an individual. It was because of his interest in education and hockey that he decided to attend his post-secondary education in Antigonish Nova Scotia, at Saint Francis Xavier. At his four year stay at ST.FX. Danny achieved his Bachelor of Science in Education while playing for the varsity hockey team. It was during his stay at ST.FX, where he learned the importance of people and that if he wanted to get anywhere he must take no short cuts and put the extra time in to make a corresponding impact in life. Saltman, Ken. (1998) “Men with Breasts.” Journal of Philosophy of sport. XXV, pp. 48-60. World Anti-Doping Agency. (2003) World Anti-Doping Code. Montreal: World Anti-Doping Agency. Young, Iris Marion. (1988) “The Exclusion of Women from Sport: Conceptual and Existential Dimensions.” In Philosophic Inquiry in Sport. Edited by William J. Morgan and Klaus V. Meier. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers, pp.335-341. From the diet of dried figs used by ancient Olympic competitors to the stimulants used by Ancient Egyptians and Roman gladiators, doping in sport took place long before the International Olympic Committee (IOC) identified it as a worrisome issue in the 1960s. Since then, the use of drugs and other practices banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency has become an enormous ethical issue in sport. Several hundred drugs enhance strength, endurance, power, and muscle control and are consequently banned in sport. The majority of these substances fall under the categories of stimulants, narcotics, anabolic agents, diuretics, and peptide hormones. Determining the prevalence of drug use in sport is extremely difficult due to the lengths guilty athletes will take to mask their use of banned substances. IOC accredited drug testing laboratories typically find 1-2% of all samples they test to show positive doping results. However, the actually percentage of athletes who use performance enhancing drugs is thought to be much higher. This is because athletes that dope (and their pharmacological suppliers) are often one step ahead of the detection agencies and use drugs that are currently undetectable. Male and female athletes face many risks if they choose to use chemical means to help shave seconds off their personal best times, run faster, jump higher, fight harder, and in Figure 1: Irish swimmer Michelle Smith Figure 2: Members of the Chinese national swimming team These physiological changes lead to the perception that women in sport who possess male physical characteristics are unnatural, ugly, and abnormal. See figure 3. In contrast, the perception of the male body following performance enhancing drug use is that of strength and power, not ugliness and unnaturalness. People typically consider a male athlete caught doping a cheater, whereas in the same circumstance, a female athlete is considered a freak in addition to a cheater. Feminist philosopher Iris Young astutely observes that many people believe that if a woman succeeds at sport, she either demonstrates male characteristics and is not really a woman, or succeeds in an event that is not a real sport (1988: 336). Thus, the media often represents women who use drugs in sport as manly freaks or not real athletes. If women athletes to do not conform to this ideal, the media ostracizes them and labels them as unfeminine and manly. In order to help illustrate this claim refer to the figure 3. The upshot of examining this dichotomy is to help demonstrate the notion that there is much more to the issue of women doping than health factors and perversion of sport arguments. Women athletes, unlike their male counterparts, seem to face more social stigmatizations when it comes to doping practices. The newest threat to upholding and maintaining the spirit of sport comes from the possibility of gene doping. Gene transfer researchers are beginning to transfer therapeutic genes into animals and humans with success, and many of these procedures show signs of enhancing athleticism in addition to the therapeutic benefits for which they were created. Gene therapies might produce performance enhancing effects in athletes by expressing genes that add muscle mass, strengthen existing muscle, produce energy more efficiently, and deliver more oxygen to the muscles, amongst other adaptations. Undergoing a therapeutic gene transfer with the intention of enhancing athletic performance constitutes gene doping in sport. Athletes looking for innovative and virtually undetectable means of doping could conceivably utilize gene doping to improve their athletic performances. Gene transfer researchers speculate that by the 2008 summer Olympic Games in Beijing, China, athletes will be competing with altered and enhanced genes. Several women athletes may opt to undergo this type of procedure to increase their likelihood of winning Olympic gold medals and to demonstrate the superiority of their nations. Thus, with the addition of gene doping to a doper’s repertoire of possible performance enhancing practices, doping in sport has the potential to spiral out of control. The consequences this might produce for women’s elite sport and girls and women’s participation in sport are unforeseeable and distressing.