DanishCitationEventJB final

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Published on October 15, 2007

Author: funnyside

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Uncovering Denmark’s Citation Laureates :  Uncovering Denmark’s Citation Laureates Jodi Bukowski, Strategic Marketing Manager Thomson Scientific Slide2:  Uncovering Denmark’s Citation Laureates In 1955 Dr. Eugene Garfield presented “association of ideas” Index articles by their bibliographies Revolutionized the way research was conducted Laid the foundation for bibliometrics -- Dr. Eugene Garfield Founder and Chairman Emeritus Institute for Scientific Information Thomson Scientific Slide3:  Uncovering Denmark’s Citation Laureates Dr. Garfield’s 1955 article in Science introduced citation indexes as a new type of classification tool -- Use a citation as a search term (instead of a keyword) and as a way to follow the “development path” of an idea. SCIENTIFIC SOLUTIONS Uncovering Denmark’s Citation Laureates:  Uncovering Denmark’s Citation Laureates Cited References 2003 Times Cited 2001 2001 1983 1996 2003 2004 2004 Uncovering Denmark’s Citation Laureates:  Uncovering Denmark’s Citation Laureates Pool of Danish Authors from 1990-2004 Every Citation accounted for Created a record for each individual author Citations for each article from other articles in the data set are counted The top names in each category are verified The Methodology: 2005 Citation Laureates of Denmark:  2005 Citation Laureates of Denmark Peter Andersen Jiri Bartek Kim Brosen Claus Christiansen Keld Dano Claus Emmeche Jorn Dines Hansen Niels Hansen Per Christian Hansen Peter Ingwersen Soren Johansen Sigfus Johan Johnsen Poul Jorgensen Thomas Kiorbe Morten Kjeldgaard Kim Guldstrand Larsen Soren Molin Preben Bo Mortensen Poul Erik Nissen Ake Nordlund Jes Olesen Arne Schousboe Leif Horsfelt Skibsted Hans Lomholt Skriver Viggo Tvergaard Slide7:  “Knowledge is cumulative, and every groundbreaking discovery is determined to a large extent by the discoveries that came before it.” Frederic Lawrence Holmes Former Avalon Professor of the History of Medicine Former Chair, History of Medicine, Yale University Yale Bulletin and Calendar (V.29 (34) 2000) Century of Science Over 850,000 articles published 1900-1944, joining existing Web of Science coverage 1945-present. :  Century of Science Over 850,000 articles published 1900-1944, joining existing Web of Science coverage 1945-present. A general characterization of 1900-1944 coverage -- Physical-Chemical-Mathematical Sciences & Engineering - 35% Biology & Life Sciences - 30% Medicine - 30% Multidisciplinary Sciences - 5% Uncovering Denmark’s‘Century of Science’ Laureates Uncovering Denmark’s ‘Century of Science’ Laureates:  Uncovering Denmark’s ‘Century of Science’ Laureates Searched pool of articles written from 1900-1944 Compiled a list of articles authored in Denmark Citations to the articles were analyzed The top authors in each category were researched and verified A laureate was chosen in each of three major areas of science acknowledged by the Swedish Nobels The Methodology: “Century of Science” Laureates:  “Century of Science” Laureates Niels Bohr Nobel Prize in Physics -1922 “Century of Science” Laureate:  “Century of Science” Laureate Johannes Bronsted-Chemistry Bronsted Acid-Base Theory “Century of Science” Laureates:  “Century of Science” Laureates August Krogh Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine - 1920 Slide13:  1905 Albert Einstein Generation and Conversion of Light With Regard to a Heuristic Point of View Annalen Der Physik A landmark in physics - explanation of photoelectric effect. 1900 1944 1901 Max Planck Law of Energy Distribution in Normal Spectra Annalen Der Physik This defined “Planck’s Constant” and laid the groundwork for the future “quantum theory”. 1919 August Krogh The number and distribution of capillaries in muscles with calculations of the oxygen pressure head necessary for supplying the tissue Journal of Physiology-London Cited 623 times in Web of Science. 1939 Niels Bohr The Mechanism of Nuclear Fission Physical Review Cited 898 times in Web of Science 1932 Hans A Krebs Analysis Concerning Urea Formation in Animal Bodies Hoppe-Seylers Zeitschrift Fur Physiologische Chemie The urea cycle - A major discovery and new stage in development of biochemical thought. 1938 Archibald V Hill The Heat of Shortening and the Dynamic Constants of Muscle Proceedings of the Royal Society Of London Described the “classic” physiological muscle model. 1944 Eric Lindemann Symptomatology and Management of Acute Grief American Journal of Psychiatry The “classic” clinical description of symptoms and management of acute grief. 1928 Johannes Bronsted Acid and basic catalysis Chemical Reviews Cited 232 times in Web of Science Slide14:  “If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulder or Giants.” -Isaac Newton

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