Daniel Chapter 12 And The Time Of The Resurrection

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Published on December 7, 2008

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Daniel Chapter 12 and the Time of the Resurrection

N.T. Eschatology: The Hope of Israel A Critical Fact: All N. T. Eschatology Is The Reiteration of God’s Old Covenant Promises Made To Old Covenant Israel! Most Futurists Believe That The Mosaic Covenant– And Israel As A Covenant People– Died At The Cross! This Cannot Be True! Paul- I Preach Nothing But The Hope Of Israel! (Acts 24.14; 26.6f; 28.16f)! How Could the NT Writers Be Anticipating the Fulfillment of a Dead Law- With Dead Promises- Made To a Legally Dead People? Yet, the N.T. writers were eagerly awaiting the imminent fulfillment of God’s Old Covenant promises made to Israel!

A Critical Fact: All N. T. Eschatology Is The Reiteration of God’s Old Covenant Promises Made To Old Covenant Israel!

Most Futurists Believe That The Mosaic Covenant– And Israel As A Covenant People– Died At The Cross!

This Cannot Be True!

Paul- I Preach Nothing But The Hope Of Israel! (Acts 24.14; 26.6f; 28.16f)!

How Could the NT Writers Be Anticipating the Fulfillment of a Dead Law- With Dead Promises- Made To a Legally Dead People?

Yet, the N.T. writers were eagerly awaiting the imminent fulfillment of God’s Old Covenant promises made to Israel!

O.T. Israel- N.T. Eschatology The N.T. writers were eagerly awaiting the imminent fulfillment of God’s Old Covenant promises made to Israel! Our purpose in this presentation is to focus on what scholars generally recognize as the clearest most unambiguous O.T. prophecy of the resurrection of the dead, and to demonstrate that Scripture unequivocally posits its fulfillment at the end of the Old Covenant Age of Israel in A.D. 70. We will also compare this text to other critical eschatological texts, and show their connection.

The N.T. writers were eagerly awaiting the imminent fulfillment of God’s Old Covenant promises made to Israel!

Our purpose in this presentation is to focus on what scholars generally recognize as the clearest most unambiguous O.T. prophecy of the resurrection of the dead, and to demonstrate that Scripture unequivocally posits its fulfillment at the end of the Old Covenant Age of Israel in A.D. 70.

We will also compare this text to other critical eschatological texts, and show their connection.

Daniel 12 "At that time …there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered… 2 And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to everlasting life, Some to shame and everlasting contempt. 3 Those who are wise shall shine Like the brightness of the firmament, And those who turn many to righteousness Like the stars forever and ever. 4 "But you, Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book until the time of the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase.“ 6 And one said to the man clothed in linen, "How long shall the fulfillment of these wonders be?“ 7 Then I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever…; and when the power of the holy people has been completely shattered, all these things shall be finished.”

"At that time …there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered… 2 And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to everlasting life, Some to shame and everlasting contempt. 3 Those who are wise shall shine Like the brightness of the firmament, And those who turn many to righteousness Like the stars forever and ever. 4 "But you, Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book until the time of the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase.“ 6 And one said to the man clothed in linen, "How long shall the fulfillment of these wonders be?“ 7 Then I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever…; and when the power of the holy people has been completely shattered, all these things shall be finished.”

The Constituent Elements of Daniel 12 Daniel 12 Contains the Following: The Great Tribulation (v. 1) The Resurrection To Everlasting Life (v. 2) Righteous Shine in the Kingdom (v. 3) The Time of the End (end of the age, v. 4). The Abomination of Desolation (v. 9f). The Rewarding of the Prophets, At The Time of The End (v. 2, 13). When Would All – Not Some, Not Even Most – But All Of These Things Be Fulfilled? HERE IS HEAVEN’S ANSWER: V. 7: “ When the power of the holy people has been completely shattered, all these things shall be finished.”

Daniel 12 Contains the Following:

The Great Tribulation (v. 1)

The Resurrection To Everlasting Life (v. 2)

Righteous Shine in the Kingdom (v. 3)

The Time of the End (end of the age, v. 4).

The Abomination of Desolation (v. 9f).

The Rewarding of the Prophets, At The Time of The End (v. 2, 13).

When Would All – Not Some, Not Even Most – But All Of These Things Be Fulfilled?

HERE IS HEAVEN’S ANSWER:

V. 7: “ When the power of the holy people has been completely shattered, all these things shall be finished.”

Isaiah 25:1-9 1. O LORD, thou art my God; I will exalt thee… for thou hast done wonderful things… 2 For thou hast made of a city an heap; of a defenced city a ruin: a palace of strangers to be no city; it shall never be built. … 6 ¶ And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees…8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces ; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: … 9 ¶ And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this is our God; we have waited for Him, and He will save us: this is the LORD; we have waited for Him, we will be glad and rejoice in His salvation.

1. O LORD, thou art my God; I will exalt thee… for thou hast done wonderful things… 2 For thou hast made of a city an heap; of a defenced city a ruin: a palace of strangers to be no city; it shall never be built. … 6 ¶ And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees…8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces ; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: … 9 ¶ And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this is our God; we have waited for Him, and He will save us: this is the LORD; we have waited for Him, we will be glad and rejoice in His salvation.

Isaiah 26 Isaiah 26:18 We have been with child, we have been in pain, we have as it were brought forth wind; we have not wrought any deliverance in the earth; neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen. Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead. … 21 For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.

Isaiah 26:18 We have been with child, we have been in pain, we have as it were brought forth wind; we have not wrought any deliverance in the earth; neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen. Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead. … 21 For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.

Daniel 12– Isaiah 25-26 Daniel 12:2 foretold the resurrection “out of the dust” Isaiah 25-26- ( The O.T. source for Paul’s resurrection hope, Isaiah 25:8/ 1 Cor. 15:55-56), foretold the resurrection “out of the dust” Daniel and Isaiah place the resurrection out of the dust at the time of the destruction of Old Covenant Jerusalem / Judah. Isaiah 25:1-3 – When The City is made a ruin, and the temple is turned to foreigners (cf. 27:9-12). Daniel 12:7- When the power of the holy people is completely shattered. Thus, the resurrection of 1 Corinthians 15 was at the destruction of Jerusalem / Old Covenant Israel.

Daniel 12:2 foretold the resurrection “out of the dust”

Isaiah 25-26- ( The O.T. source for Paul’s resurrection hope, Isaiah 25:8/ 1 Cor. 15:55-56), foretold the resurrection “out of the dust”

Daniel and Isaiah place the resurrection out of the dust at the time of the destruction of Old Covenant Jerusalem / Judah.

Isaiah 25:1-3 – When The City is made a ruin, and the temple is turned to foreigners (cf. 27:9-12).

Daniel 12:7- When the power of the holy people is completely shattered.

Thus, the resurrection of 1 Corinthians 15 was at the destruction of Jerusalem / Old Covenant Israel.

DANIEL 12 MATTHEW 13 Time Of The End (V. 4) Time Of The End Resurrection (V. 2) Harvest (39-40) When The Righteous Shine Then The Righteous Will Shine As The Sun Salvation Of Those “In The Book” (V. 1) Salvation Of Those “In The Book” (Rv. 20:10f) When The Power Of The Holy People Has Been Completely Shattered, All These Things Shall Be Fulfilled! (Daniel 12:7)

Daniel 12- Matthew 13– My Argument The resurrection (Harvest) at the end of the age of Matthew 13 is the Resurrection at the time of the end of Daniel 12 (Mt. 13:43). But, the resurrection at the time of the end of Daniel 12 would be “when the power of the holy people is completely shattered” (i.e. A.D. 70– Daniel 12:7) Therefore, the Resurrection (Harvest) at the end of the age of Matthew 13 was when the power of the holy people was completely shattered” (i.e. A.D. 70)

The resurrection (Harvest) at the end of the age of Matthew 13 is the Resurrection at the time of the end of Daniel 12 (Mt. 13:43).

But, the resurrection at the time of the end of Daniel 12 would be “when the power of the holy people is completely shattered” (i.e. A.D. 70– Daniel 12:7)

Therefore, the Resurrection (Harvest) at the end of the age of Matthew 13 was when the power of the holy people was completely shattered” (i.e. A.D. 70)

DANIEL 12 1 CORINTHIANS 15 Hope of Israel Hope of Israel Time Of The End (v. 4) Then Comes The End Resurrection Resurrection Everlasting Life Immortality Righteous Shine In The Kingdom Entrance Into The Kingdom End of Old Covenant Power End of Old Covenant (v. 55-56) Daniel 12:7-  We Shall Not All Sleep! “ When The Power Of The Holy People Has Been Completely Shattered, All These Things Will Be Fulfilled”

DANIEL 12– 1 CORINTHIANS 15 The Resurrection Of Daniel 12 Is The Resurrection Of 1 Corinthians 15. But, The Resurrection Of Daniel 12 Was When The Power Of The Holy People Was Completely Shattered-- A.D. 70! (Daniel 12:7) Therefore, The Resurrection Of 1 Corinthians 15 Was When The Power Of The Holy People Was Completely Shattered– A.D. 70!

The Resurrection Of Daniel 12 Is The Resurrection Of 1 Corinthians 15.

But, The Resurrection Of Daniel 12 Was When The Power Of The Holy People Was Completely Shattered-- A.D. 70! (Daniel 12:7)

Therefore, The Resurrection Of 1 Corinthians 15 Was When The Power Of The Holy People Was Completely Shattered– A.D. 70!

Resurrection and Israel’s Salvation The Resurrection Of 1 Cor. 15 Is The Time Of The Putting Away Of Sin At Christ’s Parousia In Fulfillment Of God’s Promises To Old Covenant Israel i.e. The Time Of Israel’s Salvation (Is. 25:6-9). The Putting Away Of Israel’s Sin- Her Salvation- Belongs To The 70 Weeks Of Daniel 9, And Would Be Fulfilled No Later Than- A.D. 70. Therefore, The Resurrection, At Christ’s Parousia To Take Away Sin, Of 1 Corinthians 15 Would Be No Later Than A.D. 70.

The Resurrection Of 1 Cor. 15 Is The Time Of The Putting Away Of Sin At Christ’s Parousia In Fulfillment Of God’s Promises To Old Covenant Israel i.e. The Time Of Israel’s Salvation (Is. 25:6-9).

The Putting Away Of Israel’s Sin- Her Salvation- Belongs To The 70 Weeks Of Daniel 9, And Would Be Fulfilled No Later Than- A.D. 70.

Therefore, The Resurrection, At Christ’s Parousia To Take Away Sin, Of 1 Corinthians 15 Would Be No Later Than A.D. 70.

Resurrection and Israel’s Salvation Daniel 12 is the promise of the resurrection. The resurrection was the salvation hope of Israel (Isaiah 25:8-9). The Wedding – (the re-marriage) of Israel, at the judgment coming of the Lord, is the salvation of Israel (Isaiah 62:2-12). But, the Wedding (the re-marriage) of Israel, would be at the destruction of Jerusalem (Matthew 22:1-7). Therefore, the resurrection– the salvation of Israel– was at the destruction of Jerusalem.

Daniel 12 is the promise of the resurrection.

The resurrection was the salvation hope of Israel (Isaiah 25:8-9).

The Wedding – (the re-marriage) of Israel, at the judgment coming of the Lord, is the salvation of Israel (Isaiah 62:2-12).

But, the Wedding (the re-marriage) of Israel, would be at the destruction of Jerusalem (Matthew 22:1-7).

Therefore, the resurrection– the salvation of Israel– was at the destruction of Jerusalem.

ROMANS 11- DANIEL 9– WHEN I TAKE AWAY THEIR SIN The Salvation Hope of Israel Was the Resurrection (Isaiah 25:6-9-Daniel 12:2). Romans 11 Is The Salvation Of Israel (Her resurrection , v. 15)-- At The Parousia Of Christ To Take Away Her Sin . But, 70 Weeks– Ending No Later Than A.D. 70– Were Determined For the Putting Away of Israel’s Sin. Therefore, The Taking Away Of Israel’s Sin At Christ’s Coming– The Resurrection – Occurred No Later Than A.D. 70. (cf. Daniel 12:2, 7)

The Salvation Hope of Israel Was the Resurrection (Isaiah 25:6-9-Daniel 12:2).

Romans 11 Is The Salvation Of Israel (Her resurrection , v. 15)-- At The Parousia Of Christ To Take Away Her Sin .

But, 70 Weeks– Ending No Later Than A.D. 70– Were Determined For the Putting Away of Israel’s Sin.

Therefore, The Taking Away Of Israel’s Sin At Christ’s Coming– The Resurrection – Occurred No Later Than A.D. 70. (cf. Daniel 12:2, 7)

DANIEL 9:24-27 HEBREWS 9:24-10:1F Put Away Israel’s Sin Put Away Israel’s Sin Make The Atonement Make The Atonement World Of Righteousness World Of Righteousness (2 Pt. 3) Fulfillment Of Israel’s Salvation Promises Fulfillment Of Israel’s Salvation Promises No Later Than A.D. 70 © 2008 Don K. Preston Fulfillment Of Daniel 9!! Cf. 10.37– “In A Very, Very Little While!

Daniel 9- Hebrews 9- Israel’s Salvation! Daniel 9:24 Predicted Israel’s Salvation, i.e. The Putting Away Of Israel’s Sin- Making Of The Atonement, The World Of Everlasting Righteousness– At The Fulfillment Of God’s O. T. Promises To Her. Hebrews 9-10- Predicted The Time Of Israel’s Salvation, The Putting Away Of Sin, The Making Of The Atonement, World Of Righteousness, At The Fulfillment Of God’s O. T. Promises To Israel. ARGUMENT: All Constituent Elements Of Daniel 9:24-28f Would Be Fulfilled No Later Than A.D. 70 (MY OPPONENT AGREES) But, All Constituent Elements Of Daniel 9 Are The Constituent Elements Of Hebrews 9:24-28. Therefore, Hebrews 9:24-28f Would Be Fulfilled No Later Than A.D. 70.

Daniel 9:24 Predicted Israel’s Salvation, i.e. The Putting Away Of Israel’s Sin- Making Of The Atonement, The World Of Everlasting Righteousness– At The Fulfillment Of God’s O. T. Promises To Her.

Hebrews 9-10- Predicted The Time Of Israel’s Salvation, The Putting Away Of Sin, The Making Of The Atonement, World Of Righteousness, At The Fulfillment Of God’s O. T. Promises To Israel.

ARGUMENT:

All Constituent Elements Of Daniel 9:24-28f Would Be Fulfilled No Later Than A.D. 70 (MY OPPONENT AGREES)

But, All Constituent Elements Of Daniel 9 Are The Constituent Elements Of Hebrews 9:24-28.

Therefore, Hebrews 9:24-28f Would Be Fulfilled No Later Than A.D. 70.

DANIEL 12 1 PETER Time Of The End These Last Days (v. 20) When Shall These Things Be? Prophets Searched To Know! (10f) Resurrection Resurrection Incorruptible Inheritance (2, 13) Inheritance Incorruptible (V. 3-5) Not Near In Daniel’s Time Not To Themselves, But To Us! When The Power Of The Holy People Has Been Completely Shattered, All These Things Will Be Fulfilled” (Daniel 12:7)! Salvation “Ready To Be Revealed”; End of All Things Has Drawn Near” (1:4f; 4:7, 17)

Daniel 12 Revelation 11 Time of the end Seventh Trump Fulfillment of God’s promises to Israel Fulfillment of the prophets (10:7) Time of the resurrection Time of the resurrection Time of the kingdom Time of the Kingdom Rewarding of the prophets Rewarding of the prophets When the power of the holy people is completely shattered At the judgment of the city, “Where the Lord was slain.”

My Argument The resurrection of Daniel 12 would be the time of the rewarding of the prophets and the dead (12:2, 13). The resurrection of Revelation 11 is the time of the rewarding of the prophets and the dead. But, the resurrection of Daniel 12 would be fulfilled when the power of the holy people was completely shattered (Daniel 12:7). Therefore, the resurrection of Revelation 11 would be (was) when the power of the holy people was completely shattered (A.D. 70).

The resurrection of Daniel 12 would be the time of the rewarding of the prophets and the dead (12:2, 13).

The resurrection of Revelation 11 is the time of the rewarding of the prophets and the dead.

But, the resurrection of Daniel 12 would be fulfilled when the power of the holy people was completely shattered (Daniel 12:7).

Therefore, the resurrection of Revelation 11 would be (was) when the power of the holy people was completely shattered (A.D. 70).

DANIEL 12 / REVELATION 22 DANIEL 12:4-10 – Seal The Book; It Is For The Time Of The End, i.e. the time was not near! Revelation is the reiteration of the prophecies of Daniel – As all scholars agree. Revelation 22:10– “Do not seal the vision of the book, for the time is at hand.” What was far off in Daniel’s time was still future, but, near in John’s time! The Resurrection was truly at hand!

DANIEL 12:4-10 – Seal The Book; It Is For The Time Of The End, i.e. the time was not near!

Revelation is the reiteration of the prophecies of Daniel – As all scholars agree.

Revelation 22:10– “Do not seal the vision of the book, for the time is at hand.”

What was far off in Daniel’s time was still future, but, near in John’s time!

The Resurrection was truly at hand!

Summary and Conclusion 1.) Daniel 12 foretold the end time resurrection. 2.) Daniel 12 posits the resurrection at the end of the Old Covenant Age of Israel– when Old Covenant Judah Would be destroyed. 3.) Daniel 12 is parallel with other pivotal O.T. resurrection prophecies, that specifically posit the resurrection at the time of Jerusalem’s demise. 4.) We have correlated Daniel with N. T. texts that said the end of the age and Christ’s coming- thus, the resurrection– was near. In every way, with definitive, positive proof, we have proven that the resurrection occurred in A.D. 70

1.) Daniel 12 foretold the end time resurrection.

2.) Daniel 12 posits the resurrection at the end of the Old Covenant Age of Israel– when Old Covenant Judah Would be destroyed.

3.) Daniel 12 is parallel with other pivotal O.T. resurrection prophecies, that specifically posit the resurrection at the time of Jerusalem’s demise.

4.) We have correlated Daniel with N. T. texts that said the end of the age and Christ’s coming- thus, the resurrection– was near.

In every way, with definitive, positive proof, we have proven that the resurrection occurred in A.D. 70

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