Dalhousie Kolkata

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Information about Dalhousie Kolkata

Published on May 14, 2008

Author: sanjay_jhaa

Source: slideshare.net

Dalhousie Square, Calcutta – A Heritage of the Nation Manish Chakraborti Conference "The Conservation of Colonial Cities": Colonial cities in and around India Where: Mumbai, Auditorium, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai When: 27 th – 28 th february 2003 Organised by: Max Mueller Bhavan Mumbai, Urban Design Research Institute (UDRI)‏ Contact: Manish Chakraborti (ashmon@cal2.vsnl.net.in )‏  

Vanishing in the urban chaos of modern Calcutta, the conservation and urban revitalisation of the historic city centre of Dalhousie Square is indeed significant.

Conservation of Heritage Zone of Dalhousie Square Calcutta Towards a Management Plan Action Research in Conservation of Heritage

Introducing Dalhousie Square Calcutta Evolution of the city

The European Quarter of the city

The Indian Quarter of the city

Calcutta 1690 - 1757

Dalhousie Square arounsd the Tank, 17 th century

Fort from the River, where GPO stands today

S t. Annes Church with the Fort William at the rear

Calcutta 1757 - 1798 St John’s Church and churchyard Writers Buildings

The Tank The Tank

The Old Mint

The Government House, inspired from Curzon’s House Kaddleston Hall in Derbyshire

The Old Court House Street

The historic city center in relation to the city The present Fort William

Dalhousie Square The historic city centre of Calcutta A heritage zone of the Nation

First in Dalhousie Square HERITAGE OF THE NATION Hickey Hickeys Gazette was first published here First newspaper which completed 100 years, The Englishman, was published from here from 1833 – 1934 Electricity was introduced here when Flury and Co demonstrated the use of power in 1878 Use of gas was first demonstrated here in the early 1900s The first Broadcasting Corporation, the Indian Broadcasting Corporation, was set up here in August 1,1927 The first escalator was introduced in the Reserve Bank of India Nobel Laureate CV Raman had his first job at the Accountant General Office here before becoming a physicist India’s first hotel, Great Eastern Hotel, was set up in 1840 The first English playhouse was set up at the Mission Road / Lalbazar crossing in 1745 The first bank, Bank of Hindusthan, was set up in 1770 _________

Hickeys Gazette was first published here

First newspaper which completed 100 years, The Englishman, was published from here from 1833 – 1934

Electricity was introduced here when Flury and Co demonstrated the use of power in 1878

Use of gas was first demonstrated here in the early 1900s

The first Broadcasting Corporation, the Indian Broadcasting Corporation, was set up here in August 1,1927

The first escalator was introduced in the Reserve Bank of India

Nobel Laureate CV Raman had his first job at the Accountant General Office here before becoming a physicist

India’s first hotel, Great Eastern Hotel, was set up in 1840

The first English playhouse was set up at the Mission Road / Lalbazar crossing in 1745

The first bank, Bank of Hindusthan, was set up in 1770

_________

The Classical Dalhousie Square

19 th century Dalhousie Square still largely survives

Tank Square today

Tank Square, yesterday

Netaji Subhas Bose Road, today

Clive Street, yesterday

Treasury Building, today

Treasury Building, yesterday

The Restored Town Hall, today

The Town Hall, yesterday

St Johns Church and churchyard

St John’s Church yesterday

Except Dalhousie Institute The visual axis between the Governor House and the Writers Building Imperial Bank The Marble Statues Well designed environmental settings like street lamps, seats, clean pavement, etc And many more

Imperial Bank, Bank of Bengal, demolished

Imperial Bank Dalhousie Institute Abandoned warehouses Demolition & Neglect of heritage resource Currency building Unlisted warehouses under threat of demolition Tank square ill kept

Conditions of our footpath and public utilities like telephone meter No well paved footpath for the pedestrians Public utility on the pavement block the right of way for the pedestrians Badly designed and non-uniform grill (in design and color) Encroachments by food stalls and squatters on the footpath

The Currency Building overnightly destroyed

From Insensitive destruction to a growing concern for protection of heritage

Kolkata Municipal Corporation Under the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Act the following provisions for heritage preservation are incorporated  Constitution of Kolkata Municipal Corporation Heritage Conservation Committee in 1998 headed by Municipal Commissioner and 7 members  Prepares a Draft Regulations for Heritage Buildings and Precincts  List of 1300 heritage buildings in CMA  Inventory of Heritage Buildings  Review of conservation / development plan of listed heritage buildings  Inspect and monitors conservation works  Provision of incentives like tax exemption, change of compatible use, transferable development rights (TDR).

Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority  Passes a Heritage Act, 2002 whose jurisdiction is the State of West Bengal.  Forms a Heritage Commission to identify and list heritage buildings in different districts.  Identified key Heritage Zones in the Vision 2025 Plan namely Dalhousie Square, Riverfront Area , College Street Area,  Initiated the Riverfront Development – removal of encroachment and landscaping the edge of the River.

Public Works Department, Government of West Bengal  A large number of Government Institutions housed in listed heritage buildings are maintained by the PWD Ex: Writers Building, Government House, Legislative Assembly, The High Court,etc  Roads are maintained by the PWD  PWD are often the implementation arm of conservation work for the State Archaeology  Prepares the Government Schedule of Rates for various civil works followed by all the departments of the State Government including conservation. Presently working on a separate schedule of rates for conservation.  Recently restored the Prinsep Monument  Has plans for undertaking an underground parking (under BOT scheme) near the Tank Square.  Has Plans for beautification and landscaping of the Tank and its surroundngs

Archaeological Survey of India  Protects, Conserves and Maintains 117 Monuments in West Bengal and 1 Monument (Metcalfe Hall) in Calcutta under the Ancient Monument Act.  Plans to take up and protect the dismantled Currency Building in Calcutta along with two more Synagogues in Dalhousie Square  Plans to propose the Bishnupur Group of Temples for UNESCO World Heritage Inscription. (West Bengal is not represented among the List of World Heritage Sites in India)  Has trained conservation professionals and expertise  Conserves and Maintains Victoria Memorial under Deposit Work

On going conservation project Town Hall Metropolitan Building General Post Office Metcalfe Hall Treasury Building Currency Building House of Vivekananda House of Vidyasagar House of Rabindranath Tagore Revival Of Star Theatre Sovabazar Natmandir

The Town Hall Restored in 1997. Funded by auction of paintings by a noted artist to Corporate Houses.

Calcutta Panorama Town Hall gifted in 2002 with a museum on the evolution of the city and its social, cultural and political significance

The Metropolitan Building Scheme drawn out. Restoration has begun with one panel. Funded by the Life Insurance Corporation of India

The General Post Office, Calcutta Recently restored by the Post and Telegraph Department

The Metcalfe Hall, Calcutta The only protected Monument by the ASI in Calcutta . Funded by ASI

The Treasury Building Conservation work in its planning stage. Funded by the CAG office, GOI

The Currency Building In the process of being protected by the ASI.

The House of Vidyasagar Conserved in 1999. Funded by Deptt of Higher Education, Government of West Bengal

The House of Vivekananda Conservation is in its final phase. Funded by Ramkrishna Mission, Ministry of Culture, GOI and West Bengal Government

Revival of Star Theatre The work started in Nov 2002. Funded by KMC

NGOs in conservation and city improvement Society for Preservation Concern for Calcutta CBE (Centre for Built Environment) PUBLIC ( People United for Better Living in Calcutta) INTACH ( Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage) ICC (Indian Chamber of Commerce)‏ ARCH (Centre for Action Research in Conservation of Heritage)

Society for Preservation Founded by noted historian Nisith Ranjan Roy. Involved in lectures, publications, exhibitions and campaign for conservation of heritage buildings and sites in Calcutta. Concern for Calcutta Organisation of concerned citizens of Calcutta. Involved in proactive campaigning against inappropriate urban planning, traffic, and organising urban festival like the New Market Festival and River Festival with the Government and other organisations. CBE (Centre for Built Environment)‏ Involved in writing, publications, planning advice, workshops, lectures, seminars and futuristic proposals for city’s problems

PUBLIC ( People United for Better Living in Calcutta)‏ mission is to improve the environment of Calcutta and promote sustainable urban living. Monitor air and noise pollution, land-use planning, the protection of open spaces and the conservation of heritage buildings. INTACH ( Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage)‏ The Calcutta Chapter of INTACH is involved in heritage awareness and acts as a catalyst to facilitate conservation initiatives in the city. It is involved in documentation, heritage awareness programmes and assist in conservation through its network of professionals

ICC (Indian Chamber of Commerce)‏ ARCH (Centre for Action Research in Conservation of Heritage) ARCH is working towards the conservation and awareness of heritage buildings and places. We campaign for reconciling conservation with development through initiating community planning and assisting in managing change of urban environment . It has expertise in the following: Documentation and Research, Heritage Walks, Restoration and Training Workshops. ARCH is working towards the conservation and awareness of heritage buildings and places. We campaign for reconciling conservation with development through initiating community planning and assisting in managing change of urban environment . We also have the expertise in the following: Documentation and Research, Heritage Walks, Restoration and Training Workshops .

Conservation of Heritage Zone of Dalhousie Square Calcutta Towards a Management Plan Action Research in Conservation of Heritage

Dalhousie Square The historic city centre of Calcutta A heritage zone of the Nation

ASI takes over the dismantled currency building along with two other Jewish synagogues in Dalhousie Square making it 4 number of monuments under protection by the ASI in Calcutta

Getting River Back to the city Initiatives by the CMDA, Post Trust, CMC for River front development

Other Initiatives Town Hall gifted with the Kolkata Panorama – a city museum GPO is restored to its former glory The restored Metcalfe Hall has a publication counter and a brick museum The forgotten fountain is repaired CMC heritage committee ratifies the list of 1300 listed heritage buildings in Calcutta which recognises Dalhousie Square as a heritage zone under LUDCP The Heritage Act gets enacted by the State Government and a State Heritage Commission is formed. NGOs are more active in heritage preservation and conservation Media is taking on heritage stories actively. Heritage Awareness walks are here to stay International Organisations / individuals recognises the heritage resources of Calcutta

Other Initiatives

Town Hall gifted with the Kolkata Panorama – a city museum

GPO is restored to its former glory

The restored Metcalfe Hall has a publication counter and a brick museum

The forgotten fountain is repaired

CMC heritage committee ratifies the list of 1300 listed heritage buildings in Calcutta which recognises Dalhousie Square as a heritage zone under LUDCP

The Heritage Act gets enacted by the State Government and a State Heritage Commission is formed.

NGOs are more active in heritage preservation and conservation

Media is taking on heritage stories actively.

Heritage Awareness walks are here to stay

International Organisations / individuals recognises the heritage resources of Calcutta

Envisioning a future of Dalhousie Square, Calcutta Improving the city center of Dalhousie Square Heritage Zone is clearly very close to many of our hearts. Here are the things we would like to see. We have only included things that we know are possible to achieve.

 An improved landscaping around the tank square.  A better designed and durable footpath for pedestrians.  A permanent mark on the street along the heritage walk  Interpretation and Information board. City Centre VISION A better designed, managed and enhanced city centre image NOW

SIGNS / PLAQUES / MAPS PERMANENT MARK ON THE STREET ALONG THE HERITAGE WALK LANDCAPING OF TANK SQUARE DURABLE / BETTER DESIGNED FOOTPATH Durable / better designed footpath

SOON  Well designed street furniture, viz street lights • uniform road dividers/ railings • base of existing trees • bus stand, • telephone kiosks • letter boxes • dustbins  More going on in the evening. Lighting of significant heritage buildings  Concerts at the un-utilised churches, town hall in the evening.  Arts and Cultural festival using the historical ensemble of buildings and historic settings City Centre VISION A better designed, managed and enhanced city centre image

SOON

 Well designed street furniture, viz

street lights • uniform road dividers/ railings • base of existing trees • bus stand, • telephone kiosks • letter boxes • dustbins

 More going on in the evening. Lighting of significant heritage buildings

 Concerts at the un-utilised churches, town hall in the evening.

 Arts and Cultural festival using the historical ensemble of buildings and historic settings

Well designed street furniture street lights • uniform road dividers/ railings • base of existing trees • bus stand • telephone kiosks • letter boxes • dustbins Traditional letter box to be continued Telephone Kiosk Selective Pedestrianisation Red pigment on tar road Seating arrangement Walkway promenade

Well designed street furniture

street lights • uniform road dividers/ railings • base of existing trees • bus stand • telephone kiosks • letter boxes • dustbins

 Concerts at the un-utilised churches, town hall in the evening. Arts and Cultural Festival using the historical ensemble of buildings and historic settings More going on in the evening. Lighting of significant heritage buildings

LATER  Renewal and adaptive reuse of redundant warehouses  Façade improvement of listed heritage buildings. City Centre VISION A better designed, managed and enhanced city centre image

 

Adaptive reuse of redundant warehouses for gallery, housing office space, arts centre.

FAÇADE REPAIR SCHEME CONSERVING THE HISTORIC CITY CENTRE CALCUTTA 2002 - 2020

What could be The Driving Engine for its implementation and management ? Dalhousie Square Association a collective body, which aims at generating public and corporate involvement towards the conservation of this historic heritage zone

This is a presentation by ARCH, an acronym for Action Research in Conservation of Heritage.

ARCH is working specifically towards awareness and conservation of heritage buildings and zones in Calcutta and West Bengal ARCH campaigns for reconciling conservation with development through initiating, community planning, networking and assisting in managing change of urban environment ARCH has been actively pursuing the following objectives namely since 1999Documentation, Research, Publication, Heritage Walks, Training Workshops in Repair of Heritage Buildings and Community Involvement for Conservation From Footsteps (walking tour) to Urban Revitalisation of Dalhousie Square

Is this your vision ? Lets join hands to make them happen

ARCH is recipient of the IFA (India Foundation for the Arts, Banagalore) Award for 2002 – 2003 For Documentation of architectural heritage buildings in Dalhousie Square. This document is presently underway which will be used while or if nominating Dalhousie Square to international organisations like UNESCO or WMF. Thank you From Action Research in Conservation of Heritage AA 171A Salt Lake, Calcutta 700 064 Tel: 337 5757 / 355 0915 / 355 3188 a rchheritage @hotmail.com

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