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Published on March 25, 2008

Author: Lassie

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Slide1:  Oct 20, 2005 Makoto Yokozawa, PhD Senior Consultant, Nomura Research Institute Visiting Professor at Kyoto Univ. “e-Gov” to “u-Gov” for the Ubiquitous Network Societies AGENDA :  AGENDA Ubiquitous Network Societies, a paradigm shift based on the most advanced ICTs "u-Japan", Japan’s Policy Initiatives toward the Ubiquitous Network Societies From e-Government to u-Government Ubiquitous Network Societies, a paradigm shift based on the most advanced ICTs:  Ubiquitous Network Societies, a paradigm shift based on the most advanced ICTs 2005 Broadband in Japan:  2005 Broadband in Japan Mobile Overtakes Fixed BB in Voice Communications:  Mobile Overtakes Fixed BB in Voice Communications Mobile 93.5Mil. in SEP 2005, ~75% of Population Fixed Phones SUBSCRIBERS to FIXED and MOBILE SERVICES in Japan Million And 43% 3G Penetration in Sep. 2005:  And 43% 3G Penetration in Sep. 2005 18.52 19.55 38.07 Million Sep. 2005 Japan’s 3G/IMT-2000 (Millions) W-CDMA Up to 384kbps Data IMT-2000 Up to 2Mbps Data 42,7% of total 88Mil mobile users Still need to be ………….. utilized.:  Still need to be ………….. utilized. Start of the Internet Penetration:  Cupper Network ・PC Start of the Internet Penetration ・ Printer ・PC ・Server (analogue communication) ● ・Modem ● ・ ~10cm ~1m ~10m ~100m ~10cm ~1m ~10m ~100m ・ Handheld terminal ・DSU Leased line (ISDN etc.) ・PC ・Server ● ・DSU ISDN ISDN Entrance・Garden Bath Bedroom Kitchen Living room Work from Home In the House In the Office At Own Desk Meeting & Conference Receive Visitors Storefront Out of the House Entertainment (Cinema, Watching sports) Mobile Work Place Shopping Visiting (Hospital、Public Service Office etc.) On the Move Traveling Commuting Customer Call ・Printer ・Modem 1994 Networked Life Scenes Slide9:  ~100m ・Video camera WLL ・PC ・Server GPS Cell phone Cell phone 3G Cell phone 3GCell phone ● PC ・ Cell phone ・PC 3G/3.5GCell phone ・PC ● 3G Cell phone ● ・Gateway ● ● ● Cell phone ● Backbone network GPS ● On the Move In the House Out of the House In the Office Entrance・Garden Bath Bedroom Kitchen Living room Work from Home At Own Desk Meeting & Conference Receive Visitors Storefront Entertainment (Cinema, Watching sports) Mobile Work Place Traveling Commuting Customer Call Cell phone Shopping GPS ● ・Car ・PDA 3G/3.5G, Cell phone ・Cell phone ・Cell phone ・Car ・Bus/Delivery track ● Satellite communication Cell phone 3.5G Cell phone Cell phone 3.5G Cell phone ・Cell phone Cell phone ・PDA 3.5 G 3G Cell phone ● ● ・Car navigation system ・Handheld terminal ・Cash register (POS) Visiting (Hospital、Public Service Office etc.) ・Mobile PC FTTH ● ・Cell phone 3.5G Cell phone ・MMK ● ● ・Cell phone ・Information  KIOSK ● ~1m ~10m ~100m ~10cm ・Cell phone ● GPS ● ● ● Cell phone ・IP phone FTTH ・Gateway ・Mobile PC ・Mobile PC IEEE802.11a/g ● ・IP phone ・PC ・Server ・Gateway FTTH ・MMK FTTH ● ・Printer ・Gateway ・Mobile PC ・IP phone ● FTTH ● ・Printer ・Gateway ・IP phone ・Mobile PC IEEE802.11b ・MMK ・IC card ・Automatic ticket gate 3G Cell phone ・IP phone FTTH ・Game machine ・DVD ● IEEE802.11a/g ・Printer Satellite communication ・Gateway ● 3.5G Cell phone IEEEE802.11a/g ● FTTH ● Hot spot DSRC ・Headset Bluetooth 3G Cell phone ● Digital broadcasting ・Hot spot ZigBee ・Car ・Car navigation system ● FTTH ・Train ・Airplane Satellite communication IEEE802.11a/g ● ● ● Cell phone 3G Cell phone Cell phone 3G Cell phone ● IEEE802.11a/g IEEE802.11a/g ・Rack ・Document(RFID) ・Lighting ・Air conditioner ・Sensor ・Air conditioner ● Digital broadcasting ・Medical equipment ・IC card ・PSA ・Price tag Display・ ・Sensor ・Air conditioner ・Lighting ・Sensor ・Storage ・Display rack ・Goods(RFID) IEEE802.11a/g MAN ● IEEE802.11b ・Multifunction copier ・Air conditioner ・Sensor ・Book shelves ・Lighting ・Air conditioner ・Sensor ・Lighting ・Lighting ・Bookshelf ・Book(RFID) ・Air conditioner ・Lighting ・Air conditioner ・Digital TV set ・Web camera ・Web camera ・Projector ・Web camera ・Audio ● Digital broadcasting ・Refrigerator ・Food (RFID) Lighting ・Electric pot Rice cooker ・Air conditioner ・Clothes (RFID) ・Home server ・Sensor Bath tab ・Clothes washer ・Sensor ・Garage ・Web camera ・Own car ・garden sprinkler ・Shutter ・Sensor ・Lighting ・Ubiquitous terminal ・Ubiquitous terminal ・Ubiquitous terminal ~10cm ● ADSL ● ADSL ・Modem ● ・IC card ・Gateway ● GPS GPS ● Power line network ● Cell phone FTTH ● ・Lan at Home ・Network at Office ・In-house network ・In-house network ・Multi tenant broadband access UWB ・Gateway ・Modem ・Mobile PC IEEE802.11a/g ・Printer ・Mobile PC ・Microwave ・Closet  The Ubiquitous Network ・Gateway Car navigation system ・Cloth drier ・IP phone Web camera ・Automatic ticket gate ・Car navigation system ・Ubiquitous terminal Document/Book (RFID) Video camera Ticket-vending machine ・PDA ・In-store network 2005 Networked Life Scenes Slide10:  The Ubiquitous Network-A Part 2010, the year of the framework completion still need seamless integration of connectivity Transparent connectivity will increase the hours of networked human activity The number of UbN’ed scenes in life, work and business will be the key in the next stage Ubiquitous Network Future 1) Connectivity:  Ubiquitous Network Future 1) Connectivity Ubiquitous Network, a set of transformation of society. whenever, whoever, wherever, whatever . . . . , however, Need years to have unlimited Connectivity even in the most advanced regions. The Ubiquitous Network will be a frontier towards the year 2010. Connectivity Development Strategy:  Connectivity Development Strategy Population Development Scene Development Desktop Network Access in Populated Cities In Town On the Street / in Cars and Traisn On Board an Airplane Digitally Divided People Rural Areas Ubiquitous Network Technology Key Performance Indicator:  Key Performance Indicator Numbers of Subscribers? Percentage to the Population? Just Calculate “HOW MUCH USED” Basic Unit : 1 hour Ubiquitous Network usage by 1 person Slide14:  The “Ubiq. Hours” a measure of social ubiquity of the information network one individual connected to the Ubiquitous/broadband network for one hour = one ubiq. hour (hru) 1993 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 1014 1013 1012 1011 1010 109 108 107 106 Estimated ubiq. hours per year worldwide [hru] x x Population ceiling < ~1010  Numbers are by imagination beyond 2005 “Whoever” factor 10s of Millions each in advanced nations “Whenever” factor Avr. 3hr/day x 365 = ~103 “we have to sleep” ceiling < ~104  including “subconscious connectivity” [hru] UbN Future 2) Reality:  UbN Future 2) Reality Connectivity needs “R” Robotics, RFID, Software Radio, Real world ….. Subconscious Connectivity : while you are …ing. while you are sleeping while you are driving while you are flying while you are in Geneva ……. will need connectable real world environments Slide16:  Source: MIC RFID Readers for everyone “Ubiquitous Communicator” Next Generation Consumer Terminal under development RFID-Tech will induce 170 Bil. USD Domestic Business in 2010. source: MIC Slide17:  Source: MIC Beef Traceability by RFID Slide18:  Source: MIC Beyond RFID: Sensor Networks UbN Future 3) Intelligence:  UbN Future 3) Intelligence Reality needs “I” Intelligence, innovation, inspiration, intercultural ….. Intelligent ubiquity will remove long queues at clinics, ticketing offices, elevators, immigrations as ITS is to reduce traffic jams Innovative communication will accelerate value creation Slide20:  Queue-free society START GOAL Smooth traffic unorganized mismatch All “mismatch” problems in the human society can be potentially solved by intelligent and ubiquitous network RFIDs and sensor networks and intelligent control systems Slide21:  Intercultural communication Less competition and more collaboration will benefit the global economy EAST ASIA (chopsticks based culture) will be a good testbed Machine translation Knowledgebase Cross-cultural collaboration platform Semantics Slide22:  Opensource Development with your Mother Tongue Source: ICE Project, Kyoto Univ. "u-Japan", Japan’s Policy Initiatives toward the Ubiquitous Network Societies:  "u-Japan", Japan’s Policy Initiatives toward the Ubiquitous Network Societies u-Japan as a Future Extrapolation of the e-Japan Strategy :  2010 National policy objective: world-leading IT environment by 2005 Basic foundations (primarily infrastructure) Seven priority fields: (1) Health care (2) Food (3) Daily Life (4) Small Business Finance (5) Knowledge (6) Labor and Employment (7) Government Services <Focus on uses of IT> Jul Jan 2002 2003 2004 2005 Ubiquitous networking in society Next-generation IT strategy ? Contribution MIC u-Japan Policy 2006 (Year) ★   e-Japan Strategy e-Japan: maintain status as world-leading IT nation in 2006 and beyond Previous IT Policy at MIC Implementation contribution 2001 e-Japan Strategy II u-Japan as a Future Extrapolation of the e-Japan Strategy MIC: Min. of Internal Affairs and Communications in Japan, CAS, CAbinet Secretariat will launch new e-Gov Policies in November, 2005 “e-Gov” achievment 96.7% Digital Admin Services in Apr. 2004 CAS’s National Policy Source: MIC Japan Issues on the Way to 2010 and the Potential of ICT:  Issues on the Way to 2010 and the Potential of ICT However, there are a number of issues after 2006 when Japan faces the advent of the declining birthrate and aging society. Society and living Medical and Welfare Transport and distribution Environment/ Energy Labor and employment       Education/Human Resources Public safety and disaster prevention Economy/ Industries Governmental Admin. Services International The future trend of ICT is the “ubiquitous network”. Its utilization is highly expected to be the breakthrough to solve all the issues Necessity of creating a mid-term u-Japan vision to realize the next generation ICT society by 2010 The ICT sector is showing outstanding results in structural reform. Japan will become a leading ICT country by 2005. Source: MIC Japan Slide26:  Concrete Usage Scenes for u-Japan(Life) Case of grandfather and grandson Source: MIC Japan What about grandson’s present on his birthday? Why not ask him right now? At a Toyshop Slide27:  Concrete Usage Scenes for u-Japan(Life) Case of grandfather and grandson Source: MIC Japan Hi, boy, Just look and tell what you want….. WOW! Just wait, let me switch to the screen Video-communication anywhere Slide28:  Concrete Usage Scenes for u-Japan(Life) Case of grandfather and grandson Source: MIC Japan Feel like being with you at the toyshop, grandpa! Grandfather: Just one, never say more … Okay? Tight relationship in family Slide29:  Concrete Usage Scenes for u-Japan(Life) Case of independent creator Slide30:  Concrete Usage Scenes for u-Japan(Life) Case of the handicapped Slide31:  Concrete Usage Scenes for u-Japan(Life) Case of working parents Slide32:  Concrete Usage Scenes for u-Japan(Life) Case of working parents Slide33:  Concrete Usage Scenes for u-Japan (Industry) Efficiency in production management processes within corporations Example of supply-chain management for apparel company (management of orders, stock and distribution) Advanced knowledge management within corporations Penetration of ICT use into all areas of industry Realize flexible collaboration between corporations 位置情報管理 タグ タグリーダー NW 媒体情報 DB サーバー 管理部門 移動検知 コピー禁止 書類です セキュリティ管理 持出し禁止 書類です! Example of system of document management within a company (confirm location of documents, security management) Example of system to support appropriate provision and application of medicine at hospitals etc. NW Theater Restaurant Hotel Car rental Travel agency Airline Agent Robot Management Server Position information management Document B Document B Security management Documents not to be copied Tags Tag reader Server Media information DB Management department Direction on taking medicine Check it is correct patient Check amount of medicine given Medicine storage room Check Check Check Tag Tag Tag Send alarm if incorrect Send alarm if amount incorrect Send alarm if incorrect Check type of medicine given Detection of relocations Documents not to be taken out Example of system that links various companies together to meet travel-related needs and provides a system for processing. Doctor Medical DB Slide34:  (¥ trillion) Source: FY2004 White Paper on Information and Communications Ubiquitous network-related market forecast Emergence of New Values by Ubiquitous Network Slide35:  ICT Safety and Security 21 Strategy From e-Government to u-Government :  From e-Government to u-Government “e-” and “u-”, the difference:  “e-” and “u-”, the difference e-Japan policy strategy to make up nationwide infrastructure u-Japan policy strategy to make the most of ICTs e-Business to efficiently process administrative works Ubiquitous Network will expand the business itself e-Commerce for Desktop PCs u-Commerce for TV, mobile-phones, KIOSKs u-Government in the future:  u-Government in the future e-Government to efficiently process administrative works u-Government to make innovative, sustainable, safe and secure society Basic Question for e-Government:  Basic Question for e-Government What is good for citizens? When and Where, is it available, how? A survey on Major ISSUES towards 2010 in Japan “Very important” answer ratio (%) n= 6,016 Safety and Security Energy Medicare Environments Senior Citizens Healthy Growth of Youth Risk Management Labor Transportation Systems Encouraging New Industry Workstyles Volunteer Works Intercultural collaboration Culture and Sports Lifetime Education e-Government Reforming Universities Source: u-Japan strategies, MIC Japan e-Government for WHO? The Future of e-Government Paradigm :  The Future of e-Government Paradigm Efficient Government Innovative Society A VIEW from one e-Gov struggle experience:  A VIEW from one e-Gov struggle experience Network First, then Devices Limited Effect by Only Desktop e-Gov. u-Gov is for anyone, anywhere and anything Infrastructure First, then think about Utilization of Technology Efficiency and Quality Evolution First, then think about Innovative Revolution Government should use ICT, Gov’s should be the MARKET G2C First, then C2G or C2C…. Sustainable Communities

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