Published on March 13, 2009
DEFINITION OF HEALTH AND SAFETY HEALTH A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of infirmity or' disease. SAFETY Safety suggests security, freedom from danger, risk of damage or injury.
CONSEQUENCES OF POOR HEALTH AND SAFETY 1. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF: ACCIDENTS INJURIES DEATHS 2. LIABLE TO BE SUED BY: Employees / General public. 3. Bad for public image. 4. Reduction in efficiency. 5. Prosecution by enforcing authority. 6. It cost’s the employer time and money
BENEFITS OF GOOD STANDARDS OF HEALTH & SAFETY DECREASE IN THE NUMBER OF: Accidents Injuries Fatalities LESS LIKELY TO BE SUED BY: Employees. General public. STAFF MORALE Staff morale higher, Lower absenteeism. STAFF PRODUCTIVITY HIGHER Hence company more profitable.
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH A disease or illness brought about by work. The most common Occupational' illnesses are: Back Injuries Stress Loss of Hearing Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) The least common Occupational' illnesses are: Asbestosis Silicosis (caused by slate dust)
RISK ASSESSMENTS The Purpose : Allows the employer to highlight the things that are likely to cause injuries so that the risk of them occurring can be reduced.
PROCESS OF RISK ASSESSMENT IDENTIFY THE HAZARDS (things that have the potential to cause harm) ASSESS THE RISK Likelihood of it occurring The seriousness of the injuries Number of people involved REDUCE THE RISK
WHAT IS AN ACCIDENT? quot;An unplanned and uncontrolled event which has led to, or could have caused injury to persons, damage to plant or other lossquot;. WHAT IS AN INJURY? Personal damage or harm
PREVENTING ACCIDENTS IDENTIFY HAZARDS ASSESS RISK (How likely, number of people involved & seriousness of injuries) Low Risk Medium Risk High Risk Remove No action required Substitute with less hazardous substances/methods Provide Personal Protective Equipment (P.P.E)
PURPOSE OF FIRST AID To save life Promote recovery Limit effects of condition
HEALTH & Safety (FIRST AID) REGULATIONS 1981 Require employees to provide. First aid kits First aiders / appointed persons Records First Appointed First First Aid Risk Aid Person Aider Room Boxes Low yes yes (Office) Yes if High yes yes (Factory) Over 400 staff
FIRST AID BOXES To contain: •Plasters •Eye pad •Triangular bandages •Medium, large, extra large sterile unmedicated dressings •Sterile covering Safety pins •Sterile Gloves (preferably none latex and powder free) ALL employees should be aware of where the first Aid facilities are
APPOINTED PERSON: Trained on an approved first aid course (St. John's Ambulance or British Red Cross) lasts 1 day FIRST AlDERS: Trained on an approved course for 4 days Remember: Certificates run out after 3 years AS MANY EMPLOYEES AS POSSIBLE SHOULD BE TRAINED IN FIRST AID
FIRST AID ADMINISTRATION RECORDS FIRST AlDERS WHO is trained? WHEN were they trained? WHEN are they due for re-training? PATIENTS WHO required treatment? WHEN was treatment given? WHY was the patient treated? WHAT materials were used?
ACCIDENT BOOK After an accident has occurred details should be entered in the accident book PURPOSE OF ACCIDENT BOOK To allow the cause(s) of accidents to be identified so that injuries can be prevented. ACCIDENT INVESTIGATIONS OBJECTIVES: Find cause Identify remedial action.
HOW TO FILL IN THE ACCIDENT BOOK William Quack Quack John Jones Seiont Training Moving computer from Barclays training 21/10/03 22/10/03 1 Duck Pond Avenue Room Gwynedd 3 Duck Pond Avenue room to Seiont training room, tripped over 10:30 AM Swan Hill Training Unit 1i Swan Hill cable and dropped computer on left foot, Cibyn Industrial badly bruised left toe Estate Caernarfon
Reporting Of Injuries, Diseases & Dangerous Occurrences Regulations '95 (RIDDOR) Injury Broken bone Death Loss Off work for more than 3 of eyesight working days Immediately Within 10 days Phone/Fax your Enforcing Authority Send form 2508 to your Enforcing Authority
Disease If a Doctor notifies an employer that an employee suffers from a reportable work-related disease then he must send a completed disease report form (F2508A) to the enforcing authority. A Summary of reportable diseases •Certain Poisonings •Some skin diseases such as occupational dermatitis and skin cancer •Lung diseases including: Occupational asthma and farmers lung •Infections such as: Hepatitis and legionellosis •Other conditions such as: Occupational cancer, decompression illness and Hand-Arm vibration syndrome
COMMON HAZARDS-STRUCTURE FLOOR • Trip hazards • Slippery • Change in height WALLS • Protruding items • Defective electrical fittings • Objects falling off
COMMON HAZARDS-STRUCTURE CEILING • Collapsing • Light fittings insecure.
COMMON HAZARDS - STRUCTURE WINDOWS • Broken glass • Opening into passageways. • Dirty • No safe way to clean DOORS • Fire door left open • Handles broken • No glass panel in 2 way doors • Opens into passageways
NEED AND STANDARDS FOR LIGHTING: NEED clear vision, reduce eye strain, fatigue and accidents STANDARD ‘Suitable & sufficient' Office 400 lux, dangerous machines 500 lux. What is lux? Lux is the international standard to measure light. 0 lux = darkness 1 lux = 1 candle power.
NEED AND STANDARDS FOR HEATING: NEED comfort, loss of touch if too cold, poor productivity if too hot/cold STANDARD TEMPERATURE Minimum - 16°C
NEED AND STANDARDS FOR VENTILATION: NEED Comfort, reduces drowsiness, headaches and removes smoke, fumes etc. STANDARD Must be 'effective and suitable' can be mechanical or natural
SMOKING EFFECTS OF DIRECT SMOKING Cancer of the lungs / body Shortage of breath Poor lung function Deep coughing PASSIVE SMOKING: Inhaling other people's smoke. Effects include: Cancer of lung / body EMPLOYERS ACTION: Must make arrangements to prevent non-smokers suffering from passive smoking. e. g. a no smoking policy
EFFECTS OF ELECTROCUTION EFFECTS: 1. ELECTRICAL SHOCK Jolt Asphyxiation (suffocation) Heart attacks 2. ELECTRICAL BURNS Internal External
ELECTROCUTION: HOW TO DEAL WITH IT TREATMENT: 1. Switch off power. 2. Unless wearing rubber soled shoes - obtain lino, wood or rubber to stand on. 3. Disconnect appliance. 4. Push casualty clear using non conductive item e.g.wooden broom/chair. 5. Place casualty into recovery position and call first aider
COMMON HAZARDS WITH ELECTRICAL FITTINGS FUSE BOXES Missing covers Items being stored on or around them Absence of safety signs SOCKETS Cracked/broken Overloaded Loose Near water source
COMMON HAZARDS WITH ELECTRICAL FITTINGS PLUGS Cracked/broken Cord not gripped inside plug Two appliances wired through one plug CABLES/EXTENSION LEADS Cords gashed/damaged Not unwound fully Trip hazards
REMEMBER WATER AND ELECTRICITY DO NOT MIX
Wiring A Plug
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