Published on February 17, 2014
DETEMINANTS OF CURRICULUM PRESENTED BY:- SHAINA SHARMA
MEANING 1) Etymological: ‘currer’which means to run. 2) General:- The ground which the pupils and the teacher cover to reach the goal of education. 3) Traditional:- Mastery over certain types of knowledge and skills. 4) Modern : It is a process intended to help pupil to live in present world & to build the future world in which his generation would live.
DEFINITION Modalior commission :- “Curriculum includes all the learner’s experiences in or outside that are included in a program which has been devised to help him develop physically, emotionally, socially, spiritually and morally.”
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT •The processes of assessing needs, formulating objectives, and developing instructional opportunities and evaluation. •The process of creating planned curriculum, pedagogy, instruction, and presentation modes. CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT •The processes of assessing needs, formulating objectives, and developing instructional opportunities and evaluation. •The process of creating planned curriculum, pedagogy, instruction, and presentation modes.
DETERMINANTS OF CURRICULUM Philosophy Scientific Political Sociology Psychology
Philosophical determinants of curriculum It aims at the all-round development of the individual. It is based on the philosophy of the nation. It reflects the ideals and aspirations of the people. It inculcates the desired ideals of life in the youngsters.
It helps in the development of proper philosophy of life. It is in accordance with the aspiration level of the individual It enables the learners to learn the desirable cultural values, intellectual virtues, societal norms and moral doctrine. It helps in the development of the personal and national character.
The philosophical foundations of the education Child centeredness (Naturalistic philosophy) Need centeredness (Pragmatic philosophy) Activity centeredness (project and basic curriculum)
Sociological determinants of curriculum Core values and needs of the Indian society Changing values of the people. Demands of the modern society Good family, ways of life. Democrat ic temper of the society Faiths, beliefs and the attitudes of the people.
Cooperation Media explosion Population explosion Regional and national imbalances. Economic efficiency Education for fellowship and leadership Creative and purposeful activities Cultural, political factors Knowledge, attitude and beliefs.
The characteristics of the curriculum To realize the social aims of the education Makes education as an effective media of social control Keeps in mind the social changes and reflects the social needs of the community Dynamic, flexible ad progressive. Transmit the values and ideals that the society upholds and consider to be inherited by new generation. Related to social interests and problems of the society.
Enables the youngsters to participate efficiently in social life. Inculcates in them respect for different vocations and professions and creates the dignity of labour. Develops desirable social attitudes Aids them in promoting the social progress To develop each individual to the optimum possible progress level Aims at educating for the vacation and vocation. It is functional and socially utilitarian.
Psychological determinants of curriculum Knowledge of the nature of the learner and learning process and the condition facilitating optimum learning. Knowledge of growth and development Intelligence, development capacities. Curriculum to be child centered, learning experiences should be provided in accordance with the mental development of the learner. Interests of the learner.
Scientific : To achieve complete development of an individual & to prepare for complete living i.e. human activities in 5 categories: self preservation, self protection, promote human pregnancy & its protection, social & political protection & last proper utilization of leisure time. Political : To develop democratic values of social justice, equity, socialism, rights & duties.
MAJOR FACTORS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF A CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT
Philosophy of nursing education Education is the deliberate and systematic influence exerted by the mature person upon the immature person through instruction, discipline and harmonious development of all powers of the human being. Physical, social, intellectual, aesthetic and spiritual according to their essential hierarchy, by and for their individual and social uses and directed towards the union of the educator and with his creator as the final end. Instruction and development of powers are the means; the goal is to prepare the student so that he can attain the end for which he was created.
Natural bonds Logical bonds Social bonds Cultural bonds Human bonds Religious bonds
Educational psychology •It forms the basis for development of principles and methods of teaching. •The information obtained through educational psychology applied to nursing education, through research and experience provides information and principles which serve to help in selection, organization and evaluation of learning experiences in the curriculum.
Society Nursing students Nursing Man. Individual The nation changing needs of society the curriculum.
Health needs A study of the social changes and their influence. The need for an enormous increase in the supply of nursing care required to meet demands. Nursing is inextricably tied up with the social culture in which it is carried on, nursing is affected by the society in which it flourishes and the school of nursing must prepare the number and the kind of nurses essential to fulfill nursing needs of society.
THE STUDENT Meeting the nursing needs. Guidance programmes Adjustment of the student
Life activities Activities: the nursing and the personal activities in which the student will engage as a nurse and as a person. General categories of life activities:•Professional •Family •Civic •Leisure •Spiritual
Effective preparation for life activities:The growth of the student in individual capacities and in social participation. The curriculum of the nursing should provide opportunities for the development of both.
Factors affecting the life activities:- Changes in: In nursing functions In nursing education The health of the nation. Political forces In socio economic
The primary purpose of the curriculum in nursing:- The preparation of the student to function as a nurse. Increase preparation of the student for family functioning. To become more fully prepared to participate in the life activities, to become a better person and a better citizen as well as a good nurse for having studied in the school of nursing The preparation of the nurse who can carry out those activities necessary to fulfill as a professional nurse in a democratic society.
Knowledge It is substantive dimension of the educative process. Knowledge is the stock is trade of all school curricula which consists of:- •Subject matter courses in which mastery of content is not pursued as the end, but is used as a resource. •Mastery of content is pursued as an end in itself. •Change in every phase of life is probably the greatest challenge to education today.
NATURE OF KNOWLEDGE Descriptive knowledge Normative knowledge
CURRICULUM COMMITTEE The curriculum committee is charged with developing the standards-based curriculum and addressing the broader concerns that will be reflected in the curriculum framework.
Curriculum policy makers and developers:•Curriculum administrators •Principles •School boards •Communities •Law makers •Educational researchers •Teacher educators •Publishers •State departments of education •Parents •Students •Non- school educators •Project directors •Authors •Testers •Accreditors •Polisters •Lobbyists •Philanthropists
PRINCIPLES OF CURRICULUM Principles of Utility Principle of childcenteredness Principle of lifecenteredness Principle for the use of leisure Principle of activitycenteredness Principle of correlation Principle of communitycenteredness Principle of inter-relation of subject Principle of development of culture and civilization Principle of need based activity Principle of valueorientedness Principle of harmony Conservative principles
THE CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
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