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Cuban empowerment

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Information about Cuban empowerment
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Published on January 2, 2008

Author: Burnell

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide1:  Presentation Title The Political Empowerment of Cuban-Americans Slide2:  Summary Although Cubans are a tiny fraction of the U.S. population, comprising just 0.4% of the U.S. population, they have had a remarkable amount of political success. Cuban political success is a combination of the “uniqueness” of the Cuban immigration experience as well as the favorable treatment that Cubans receive from the U.S. government. Cubans in the U.S. :  Cubans in the U.S. There are an estimated 1,241,685 Cuban-Americans in the United States out of a total population of 281,421,906 Cuban Americans comprise just 2.96% of the total U.S. Hispanic population of 41,870,703 Cubans are insignificant when compared to the numbers of Mexicans (20,640,178) or Puerto Ricans (3,406,168) in the U.S. Cuban Political Power in U.S.:  Cuban Political Power in U.S. 2 U.S. Senators Bob Menendez (D-NJ) Mel Martinez (R-FL) 4 U.S. Congressmen 1 Democrat from New Jersey 3 Republicans from Florida Thus, 2 out of the three Latino U.S. Senators are Cubans 4 out of the 23 Hispanic Congressmen are Cubans Hispanic Political Power in Florida:  Hispanic Political Power in Florida 11% of the Voters in Florida are Hispanics: Cubans are about 60% of that vote Florida is the fourth largest state in the U.S., with 27 electoral votes 3 Florida State Senators All from Miami-Dade County; all Republicans 14 State House Members Speaker is Cuban-American 11 from Miami-Dade, 1 Hillsborough, 1 Orange-Osceola, 1 Palm Beach 10 Republicans; 4 Democrats How have Cubans Achieved Political Power?:  How have Cubans Achieved Political Power? Concentration of population The South Florida Hispanic Enclave Access to capital Favorable immigration status Political unity Concentration of Cuban Population:  Concentration of Cuban Population 60% of the Cuban population in the U.S. is concentrated in Southeastern Florida: 650,601 (54%) Miami Dade, FL 50,911 (4%) Broward, FL 25,386 (2%) Palm Beach, FL Slide8:  Figure 1: Hispanics in Florida Figure 2: Numbers in South Florida by National Origin, 2000:  Figure 2: Numbers in South Florida by National Origin, 2000 Source: United States Census, 2000. Figure 3: Distribution of Cuban and Non-Cuban Hispanics in South Florida:  Figure 3: Distribution of Cuban and Non-Cuban Hispanics in South Florida Source: United States Census, 2000. Immigration into Miami-Dade: 2005:  Immigration into Miami-Dade: 2005 Immigrating from: Cuba 30,624 Colombia 9,821 Haiti 7,378 Venezuela 6,182 Jamaica 5,270 Brazil 4,280 Hispanic Economic Enclave:  Hispanic Economic Enclave Network of Hispanic-owned business in Miami-Dade and Broward County Catering to the Hispanic Market Institutionally Complete Spanish the dominated Language Figure 4: Hispanic Economic Enclave Shopping Locations:  Figure 4: Hispanic Economic Enclave Shopping Locations Source: Bellsouth Yellow Pages, 2002 Cubans’ Access to Capital:  Cubans’ Access to Capital Money from Cuba Character Loans Money for U.S. Government Small business loans Cuban Refugee Act (1965) SSI benefits Favorable Immigration Status:  Favorable Immigration Status Cuban Adjustment Act (1966) One year and a day to receive legal residency status 6 years for citizenship Wet foot/Dry foot Policy Cuban Political Unity:  Cuban Political Unity Support for hardliner Cuban Policy 75% support for embargo 60% support for U.S. invasion of Cuba Cubans remain active in U.S. Politics. Cuban-Americans continue to be politically active in terms of voting 94% of eligible, registered voters said they voted in 2004 while 6% said they did not vote Of those voters,82% said they voted for Bush and 18% said they voted for Kerry Challenges :  Challenges Death of Castro Demographic shifts in Florida Rising number of non-Cuban Hispanics

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