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Crusades

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Information about Crusades

Published on March 26, 2008

Author: rhalter

Source: slideshare.net

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Religious Turfs Wars Over the Holy Land

Background By 1050, the Muslim Empire invaded the Byzantine Empire and conquered Palestine The Christian church called for a movement to drive the Muslims out of Palestine For nearly 200 years, the Christians fought a series of religious wars known as the Crusades The wars failed to regain Palestine, but established a lasting conflict between Christians and Muslims

By 1050, the Muslim Empire invaded the Byzantine Empire and conquered Palestine

The Christian church called for a movement to drive the Muslims out of Palestine

For nearly 200 years, the Christians fought a series of religious wars known as the Crusades

The wars failed to regain Palestine, but established a lasting conflict between Christians and Muslims

Map of the Holy Land

Beginning of the Crusades In the 1050’s, Muslims took over much of the Byzantine Empire, Asia Minor, and Palestine In 1095, the Byzantine Emperor asked Pope Urban the II for help The Pope agreed and at the council of Clermont, Urban encouraged French and German Bishops to recover Palestine, also known as the Holy Land Christians, Muslims, and Jews all refer to Palestine as the Holy Land Christians from all over Europe left their homes to answer the Popes call and many would never return

In the 1050’s, Muslims took over much of the Byzantine Empire, Asia Minor, and Palestine

In 1095, the Byzantine Emperor asked Pope Urban the II for help

The Pope agreed and at the council of Clermont, Urban encouraged French and German Bishops to recover Palestine, also known as the Holy Land

Christians, Muslims, and Jews all refer to Palestine as the Holy Land

Christians from all over Europe left their homes to answer the Popes call and many would never return

Routes of the Crusaders

Reasons for the Crusades There are both religious and political reasons for the Crusades The Pope believed the Crusades would increase his power Christians believed all their sins would be forgiven if they participated in the Crusades Nobles hoped to gain wealth and land Adventurers saw this as an opportunity for travel and excitement Serfs hoped to escape feudal oppression

There are both religious and political reasons for the Crusades

The Pope believed the Crusades would increase his power

Christians believed all their sins would be forgiven if they participated in the Crusades

Nobles hoped to gain wealth and land

Adventurers saw this as an opportunity for travel and excitement

Serfs hoped to escape feudal oppression

Christian Crusaders

Initial Christian Victory The Christians were victorious in the first of four major Crusades They sacked the city of Jerusalem Muslim leaders wanted to regain this territory, which will result in additional crusades

The Christians were victorious in the first of four major Crusades

They sacked the city of Jerusalem

Muslim leaders wanted to regain this territory, which will result in additional crusades

Muslim Christian Battle

Saladin and Muslim Victory In the late 1100’s, Saladin unified the Muslim world Saladin began marching towards Jerusalem and the Christians were determined to stop him Saladin forced the Christians to surrender in Jerusalem, but forbade his soldiers to kill, harm, or steal from the defeated Crusaders Richard the Lion Hearted becomes King of England and was determined to retake Jerusalem from Saladin During the third crusade, Richard won several battles and advanced to within a few miles of the city He was unable however to retake the city

In the late 1100’s, Saladin unified the Muslim world

Saladin began marching towards Jerusalem and the Christians were determined to stop him

Saladin forced the Christians to surrender in Jerusalem, but forbade his soldiers to kill, harm, or steal from the defeated Crusaders

Richard the Lion Hearted becomes King of England and was determined to retake Jerusalem from Saladin

During the third crusade, Richard won several battles and advanced to within a few miles of the city

He was unable however to retake the city

Saladin and Richard the Lion Hearted

The end of the Crusades Later Crusades also resulted in Muslim victory What had started as a religious war between Christians and Muslims had turned into a battle between rival Christian factions

Later Crusades also resulted in Muslim victory

What had started as a religious war between Christians and Muslims had turned into a battle between rival Christian factions

Impact of the Crusades Lasting legacy of hatred between Muslims and Christians Increase in world trade – trade increased between Europeans and people from the east. Crusaders returned to Europe with new spices, fabrics, and perfumes. Ships that were used to carry crusaders to the Middle East during the Crusades were now used for trade Learning – Europeans heightened their interest in Middle Eastern culture and learning The end of feudalism in Europe as nation states start to develop and an economy based on money takes shape

Lasting legacy of hatred between Muslims and Christians

Increase in world trade – trade increased between Europeans and people from the east. Crusaders returned to Europe with new spices, fabrics, and perfumes. Ships that were used to carry crusaders to the Middle East during the Crusades were now used for trade

Learning – Europeans heightened their interest in Middle Eastern culture and learning

The end of feudalism in Europe as nation states start to develop and an economy based on money takes shape

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