# cronqvist

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Published on December 31, 2007

Author: Nivedi

Source: authorstream.com

Using (MV-)QCA to determine the conditions of success of Green Parties:  Using (MV-)QCA to determine the conditions of success of Green Parties Lasse Cronqvist Institute of Political Science University of Marburg (Germany) This presentation :  This presentation This presentation will ... use QCA style analysis to find conditions of success of green parties in the 80s ... use a modification of QCA which allows the use of multi-valued conditions ... start with a few conditions and add further conditions after the study of contradicting configurations Why Multi-Value QCA:  Why Multi-Value QCA QCA uses dichotomized values Some data can only be dichotomized with a substancial loss of data + nominal data might be better operationalized with non-dichotomized conditions (e.g. G. Esping-Andersens „Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism“) Example:  Example Example:  Example MVQCA:  MVQCA The use of multi-value scales may result in configurations closer to original data and be used to reduce contradictions in the truth table But: Do not overdo: Using too many categories will „individualize“ the configurations Few minimisations possible MVQCA:  MVQCA MVQCA works exactly like QCA, except: 1. Use of set notation (A{0}, B{1}, C{2}, etc.) 2. Minimisation is only possible if all values combined with the shorter expression share the outcome value QCA: ab + Ab  b with A dichotomous MVQCA: A{0}B{0} + A{1}B{0} + A{2}B{0}  B{0} possible values for A: {0,1,2} Success :  Success Intention: Determination of conditions of success of Green Parties in the 80s So far: No coherent explanations on varying success of Green Parties But how to code „Success“? Success (2) :  Success (2) Some authors: 4% Threshold Above: Success, Below: No success But: If the electoral threshold is set at 5%, a party winning 4.9% of votes will not consider itself as „successful“ Here: Success if party was elected into parliament on a sustainable basis winning more than just one or two seats. Success (3):  Success (3) Success = 1 Success = 0 Possible Conditions:  Possible Conditions Well known statements on the success of Green Parties New parties are disadvantaged in majority vote systems Postmaterialism Possible Conditions (2):  Possible Conditions (2) Elec = 1 Elec = 0 GNP = 2 GNP = 1 GNP = 0 Truth Table:  Truth Table Sufficient causes for the outcome 0 are found, but: Not all cases with outcome 0 are explained No case with outcome 1 is explained Further Conditions?:  Further Conditions? Cleavage-Theory by Stein Rokkan. Political conflicts are found in every society, but special circumstances are needed to create a cleavage with influence on the party system Is there an ecological cleavage? If yes: Which ecological questions are strong enough to found this cleavage? Casestudies on Germany & Sweden: Maybe nuclear policy? Nuclear Power Policy:  Nuclear Power Policy Population density:  Population density MVQCA Solutions:  MVQCA Solutions Green parties were successful where necessary institutional (proportional elections) and socio-economical (medium or high GNP per capita) conditions were met and where conflicts over ecological issues were strong enough to found an ecological cleavage (active nuclear energy policy and/or high population density). MVQCA Solutions:  MVQCA Solutions 1. a majority vote system 2. low GNP / cap. 3. low or medium population density combined with the absence of nuclear power plants ... are all sufficient conditions for the absence of successful green parties Remarks:  Remarks Things to remember... Iceland: No successful Green Party, but: „Womens alliance“ France: EP elections MVQCA  QCA:  MVQCA  QCA Green parties were successful where necessery institutional (proportional elections) and socio-economical (medium or high GNP per capita) conditions were met and where conflicts over ecological issues were strong enough to found an ecological cleavage (active nuclear energy policy and/or high population density). Using this information we can convert the solution to a purely dichotomous QCA solution Using (MV-)QCA to determine the conditions of success of Green Parties:  Using (MV-)QCA to determine the conditions of success of Green Parties More Information: http://www.tosmana.org/oxford2006

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