Crimes Against Children

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Information about Crimes Against Children
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Published on October 11, 2009

Author: vadesha

Source: authorstream.com

Crimes Against Children : Crimes Against Children 32nd Criminology Conference 25th – 27th Feb. 2009, Bangalore University. (If you want to read the paper contact vadesha@gmail.com) Vasudeva Sharma MSW Chairperson, Child Welfare Committee, Bangalore Urban Executive Director, CRT-Child Rights Trust. Oscar to Slum Dog Millionaire. : Oscar to Slum Dog Millionaire. The film is a tribute to the endless list of crimes the Indian child is subjected to. abject poverty no place for play and recreation, humiliation orphaned due to communal riots or disasters witness to adult sexual activities trafficking for prostitution police brutalilty disfigured to beg and earn money forced to run away from their homes tools in the hands of goons and antisocial elements India’s total population is 1,02,86,10,328. In this child population is 45,04,95,445. It is about 44% of the total population. (2001 census) : India’s total population is 1,02,86,10,328. In this child population is 45,04,95,445. It is about 44% of the total population. (2001 census) India and children : India and children 2001 census : 45 crores child population (a little over 43% ) ‘commission’ and ‘omission.’ Vulnerability and crimes on children Lack of information or fear of the mighty Law and children (selected) : Law and children (selected) IPC, Child Marriage Restraint Act; The Children (Pledging of Labour) Act; Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act; The Young Persons (Harmful Publication) Act; The orphanages and other Charitable Homes (Supervision and Control) Act; Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act and The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act. National statistics on Crimes committed against children during 2007 : National statistics on Crimes committed against children during 2007 Infanticide 134 Murder 1,377 Rape 5,045 Kidnapping and abduction 6,377 Foeticide 96 Abetment to suicide 26 Exposure and Abandonment 923 Procuration of minor girl 253 Buying of girls for prostitution 40 Selling of girls for prostitution 69 Child Marriage Restraint Act 96 Other crimes 5,974 Abusers of children : Abusers of children Helpless children become victims of abusers (known and unknown) Victims of series of crimes under the supervision of adults Child victims of sexual exploitation in the hands of known people - parents, relatives, visitors, care takers, drivers, wardens, etc. Law enforcing authorities - police abuse Absence of reporting or complaint system : Absence of reporting or complaint system Fear of reporting both by Children and their care takers. Lack of systematic reporting method. Fear to approach police (A request to all don’t tell your children that ‘if you don’t sleep or eat I will call the police’). ChildLine 1098 and Police control room 100. wRITE FOR CHILD PROTECTION - A free post card Post Box No. 5555 ProsecutionCrime and punishment : ProsecutionCrime and punishment Very weak prosecution or lack of motivation Economic offences not given the required importance by the law courts. Elangatd cout procsecdings kill even sexual offences. Currently it is Juvenile Justice Act which clearly prescribes punishments to crimes against children. Sec. 21 Rs.25,000/- fine for publishing names and other details of a juvenile. Sec.23 Imprisonment for upto six months or a fine or both for cruelty to juvenile or child Sec. 24 Imprisonment for upto three years and fine for employing of juvenile or a child for begging Sec. 25 Imprisonment for upto three years and fine for giving intoxicating liquor, narcotic drugs, etc to juvenile or child Sec. 26 Imprisonment for upto three years and fine for exploitation of juvenile or child employee. Children in conflict with law are also children in need of care and protection : Children in conflict with law are also children in need of care and protection The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000/2006 - while defining a person below 18 years as a child. Police should treat children in a humanitarian manner. About 165 Children (below 18 years) who are lodged in Bangalore Parappana Agrahara Central Prison during 2008. False allegation against children –child not a criminal, but a victim. Similarly, if a child is forced by his peers or handlers to beg or steal, the boy is a victim and not a criminal. Cases have to be filed against the handlers and peddlers and not on the child. Protection of victims and providing childhood : Protection of victims and providing childhood Protection of children against crimes is an area which needs a lot of attention. Make use of the existing systems like CWC-Child Welfare Committees. It is always the poor and the vulnerable who become victims. Hope is on the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights and the State Commissions for Protection of Child Rights. Establishment of Special Courts to trail offenders against children will make this possible. The High Courts at State level should take it pro actively.

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