Creating a Space of Resistance to Globalization

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Information about Creating a Space of Resistance to Globalization

Published on January 27, 2008

Author: PaulVMcDowell

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A Case Study of Factory Recovery in Argentina.

Creating a Space of Resistance to Globalism Factory Recovery in Argentina

Globalism: A Backdrop Global Level of Integration a longstanding reality Wallerstein: World-Systems Analysis Robinson: Model of an Integrated Transnational Elite Wolfe: Supranational Level of Production

Global Level of Integration a longstanding reality

Wallerstein: World-Systems Analysis

Robinson: Model of an Integrated Transnational Elite

Wolfe: Supranational Level of Production

One Thing to Be For: Recovery of Closed Factories Globalism and Deforestation “We know what we are against But what are we for?”—Naomi Klein The Take One Alternative: The Recovery Movement of Closed Factories in Argentina

Globalism and Deforestation

“We know what we are against

But what are we for?”—Naomi Klein The Take

One Alternative: The Recovery Movement of Closed Factories in Argentina

Aim of this paper: To use a literature review to ascertain what works and doesn’t work In the recuperaci ón movement in Argentina Considered are obstacles to its realization: government, technological, and financial barriers And factors in its success: Horizontal organization, worker commitment as owners, and absence of worker alternatives Implications for supranational recuperación are summarized

To use a literature review to ascertain what works and doesn’t work

In the recuperaci ón movement in Argentina

Considered are obstacles to its realization:

government, technological, and financial barriers

And factors in its success:

Horizontal organization, worker commitment as owners, and absence of worker alternatives

Implications for supranational recuperación are summarized

Obstacles: Policy Environment Peronian Legacy: Right to Work (Chapter 1, Section 14, Constitution of Argentina), but Private property institutions are also strong Example: Law 1529 in Buenos Aires allow expropriations, but Costs have to be covered within 20 years Eviction is a constant threat Bottom Line: Expropriation is tolerated so long as workers come up with the cash

Peronian Legacy: Right to Work (Chapter 1, Section 14, Constitution of Argentina), but

Private property institutions are also strong

Example: Law 1529 in Buenos Aires allow expropriations, but

Costs have to be covered within 20 years

Eviction is a constant threat

Bottom Line: Expropriation is tolerated so long as workers come up with the cash

Obstacles: Lack of Physical Capital Recovered Enterprises’ capital needs are extensive: Equipment is dated Suppliers, unpaid by former owners, refuse to provide without cash up front Retailers have found other companies for their products Production is well below capacity

Recovered Enterprises’ capital needs are extensive:

Equipment is dated

Suppliers, unpaid by former owners, refuse to provide without cash up front

Retailers have found other companies for their products

Production is well below capacity

Obstacles: Lack of Financial Support Banks are hostile to recovered factories because of Bank commitment to private property Implied absence of managerial control Banco Rio: “Never would we extend a single peso to an Empresa Recuperado”—Matias Juan Fischbock Public and NGO subsidies are token or nonexistent

Banks are hostile to recovered factories because of

Bank commitment to private property

Implied absence of managerial control

Banco Rio: “Never would we extend a single peso to an Empresa Recuperado”—Matias Juan Fischbock

Public and NGO subsidies are token or nonexistent

Factors in Success: Internal Organizational Structure Some enterprises are hierarchical Example: Artes Gráficas del Sol Top-Down Administration involving two managers Wages are differential Worker commitment is low Others are horizontal Example: Cooperativa Vieyetes Decision making is participatory Wages are equal Worker commitment is high

Some enterprises are hierarchical

Example: Artes Gráficas del Sol

Top-Down Administration involving two managers

Wages are differential

Worker commitment is low

Others are horizontal

Example: Cooperativa Vieyetes

Decision making is participatory

Wages are equal

Worker commitment is high

Factors in Success: Sense of Ownership Egalitarian structure elicits sense of ownership Cooperativa Cristal Avellaneda: “A loose screw . . . is money out of your pocket” Cooperativa Vieyetes: No sanctions for shirking are necessary; Economic well-being is sufficient motivation Many accounts have workers working initially for little or nothing

Egalitarian structure elicits sense of ownership

Cooperativa Cristal Avellaneda: “A loose screw . . . is money out of your pocket”

Cooperativa Vieyetes: No sanctions for shirking are necessary;

Economic well-being is sufficient motivation

Many accounts have workers working initially for little or nothing

Factors in Success: Community Relations Some enterprises foster community linkages Zanon Ceramics : Integration with the Community—social services, donated tiles Bauen Hotel: Hosts other cooperative workers when in Buenos Aires Forja San Martin : Became isolated

Some enterprises foster community linkages

Zanon Ceramics : Integration with the Community—social services, donated tiles

Bauen Hotel: Hosts other cooperative workers when in Buenos Aires

Forja San Martin : Became isolated

Factors in Success: Absence of Options Ruggeri: Most workers lack organizational commitment Absence of economic alternatives keep them in the cooperative Most workers give up their collective responsibilities An unscrupulous minority runs the operation for their own gain Forja San Martin: one worker conspired to return enterprise to original owner—unsuccessfully

Ruggeri: Most workers lack organizational commitment

Absence of economic alternatives keep them in the cooperative

Most workers give up their collective responsibilities

An unscrupulous minority runs the operation for their own gain

Forja San Martin: one worker conspired to return enterprise to original owner—unsuccessfully

Supranatonal Implications International conferences of recovered factories are being held Last year in Caracas, this year in La Paz At Caracas, Chávez announced recuperación of paper and valve factories Two implications Venezuela may provide an environment conducive to factory recovery Wolfe’s supranational integration model may serve to explain The extra-national spread of factory recovery

International conferences of recovered factories are being held

Last year in Caracas, this year in La Paz

At Caracas, Chávez announced recuperación of paper and valve factories

Two implications

Venezuela may provide an environment conducive to factory recovery

Wolfe’s supranational integration model may serve to explain

The extra-national spread of factory recovery

TAMA: There Are Many Alternatives Margaret Thatcher: There is no alternative (TINA) to neoliberal policies Argentina shows there are many alternatives (TAMA) More and more countries reflect this refrain: Ain’t Gonna Work on TINA’s Farm No More—nor Maggie’s Neither (Sorry, Dylan)

Margaret Thatcher: There is no alternative (TINA) to neoliberal policies

Argentina shows there are many alternatives (TAMA)

More and more countries reflect this refrain:

Ain’t Gonna Work on TINA’s Farm No More—nor Maggie’s Neither

(Sorry, Dylan)

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