Create a Symfony Application from a Drupal Perspective

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Published on February 27, 2014

Author: AcquiaInc

Source: slideshare.net

Creating a Symfony 2 Application from a Drupal Perspective Robyn Green February 26, 2014

Robyn Green ● Senior Developer and Themer for Mediacurrent. ● Bachelor of Science in Journalism, Computer Science from University of Central Arkansas. ● Background in Media, news agencies. ● Web app and Front End developer since 1996. ● Live in Little Rock, Arkansas. ● Build AngularJS, XCode, Django/Python projects in my spare time.

What’s Going On? ● Why we talking about Symfony? ● What does this have to do with Drupal? ● Hasn’t this been covered already?

The Fine Print ● This is a high level presentation ○ There is no Symfony Apples === Drupal Oranges

The Fine Print ● This is a high level presentation ○ There is no Symfony Apples === Drupal Oranges Drupal Blueberries

The Fine Print ● This is a high level presentation ○ There is no Symfony Apples === Drupal Oranges Drupal Blueberries ● Won’t be going over Drupal 8 ● No Drupal 7 to Drupal 8 module conversions I solemnly swear to not rant and rave about best practices, my opinion or procedural PHP vs MVC/OOP beyond what’s required for Symfony 2 examples.

What Will You Do? Build a simple Symfony 2 site using Drupal terminology. (with examples … maybe)

MVC Symfony: PHP web application framework using MVC Drupal doesn’t have any sort of strict MVC requirement. Example: PHP and SQL queries in theme tpl files.

MVC Symfony: PHP web application framework using MVC M: Model ● V: View ● C: Controller ●

MVC “Drupal” Symfony: PHP web application framework using MVC ● M: Model ○ Content Types ● V: View ○ Theme template tpl files ● C: Controller ○ Modules

Lock and (down)load Let’s create a basic site in Symfony and Drupal Drush vs Composer Both are CLI tools You can install Drupal via Drush You can install Symfony via Composer Drush is 100% Drupal Composer is a dependency manager for PHP. It owes allegiance to no one

Lock and (down)load

Lock and (down)load

Lock and (down)load

Lock and (down)load

Lock and (down)load We need to configure Symfony first Load config.php Fix any Problems, most likely permissions

Lock and (down)load Plug in your database information

Lock and (down)load

Lock and (down)load Note the URL: app_dev.php Symfony has a built-in development environment toggle that defaults to enabled. This runs a different URL based on the environment parameter set

If You Build It, They Will Come Basic Recipe site should have … recipes ● ● ● ● ● Title Category Ingredients Instructions Ratings. Maybe.

If You Build It, They Will Come In Drupal, this is pretty standard* *Field Collection and Fivestar contrib modules used

If You Build It, They Will Come Let’s see that again, but in Symfony this time.

If You Build It, They Will Come Building a Bundle php app/console generate:bundle --namespace=Tutorial/CoreBundle --format=yml

If You Build It, They Will Come Warning: Namespace Discussions Ahead

If You Build It, They Will Come Building a Bundle php app/console generate:bundle --namespace=Tutorial/CoreBundle --format=yml Namespaces. There are standards to how this is done and Drupal is currently using PSR-0 but heavily debating a move to PSR-4. Symfony as of 2.4 still uses PSR-0, 1 or 2. http://symfony.com/doc/current/contributing/code/standards.html

If You Build It, They Will Come Building a Bundle php app/console generate:bundle --namespace=Tutorial/CoreBundle --format=yml Tutorial here is the vendor name. CoreBundle is the package name.

If You Build It, They Will Come Building a Bundle php app/console generate:bundle --namespace=Recipes/WebBundle --format=yml YAML Format. From Symfony’s own documentation: “YAML, YAML Ain't Markup Language, is a human friendly data serialization standard for all programming languages.”

If You Build It, They Will Come YAML Drupal 7 Module .info YAML

If You Build It, They Will Come Ignore Acme - default example We’ve got a Tutorial directory CoreBundle falls under that Everything related to that bundle is in here

Symfony Content Types That’s all great, but what about our Drupal Content Type? ● We have to declare the bundle before we can generate the entity. Don’t get confused with between Models, Entities, Bundles and Content Types.

Symfony Content Types Building an Entity php app/console doctrine:generate:entity --entity="TutorialCoreBundle:recipe" The console is going to ask us about fields in this entity. Let’s treat it like our content type* *we can pass fields in the command as a shortcut, but we’ll keep it simple here.

Symfony Content Types

Symfony Content Types What does this look like in Drupal?

Symfony Content Types Building an Entity Think about relationships when deciding fields. Ingredients is better as its own Entity, not on it’s own as a Field. We’ll establish a Many-to-Many relationship. Categories as well.

Symfony Content Types Building an Entity Drupal: Nodereferences, Taxonomy, even Images - anything that needs a complex set of its own fields or data is perhaps better suited as its own Entity in Symfony We have to tell Symfony these items will have a relationship In Drupal, the power of the community has done this for us with modules like Entity Reference and Node Reference

Symfony Content Types Building an Entity ManyToMany OneToMany ManyToOne OneToOne These relationships are extremely powerful, and unfortunately beyond the scope of what we can cover here.

Symfony Content Types Building an Entity What do the fields in this Entity look like? src/Tutorial/CoreBundle/Entity/recipe.php /** * @var string * * @ORMColumn(name="category", type="string", length=255) */ private $category;

Symfony Content Types Building an Entity So that’s it, we have our content type minus the different relationships? Not quite.

Symfony Content Types Building an Entity We have to tell Symfony to update our schema: php app/console doctrine:schema:update --force

One Data Entry to Rule Them All Drupal

One Data Entry to Rule Them All Symfony Remember, this is just a framework. Also, don’t do mysql inserts directly like that. It’s hard to establish relationships by hand.

One Data Entry to Rule Them All $RecipeObj = new Recipe(); $RecipeObj->setTitle(“Yummy Recipe”); $RecipeObj->setInstructions(“Some set of instructions”); $RecipeObj->setCategory($CategoryObj); $RecipeObj->setRating(2.5); $em = $this->getDoctrine()->getManager(); $em->persist($RecipeObj); $em->flush();

My First Symfony Site How do we let Symfony know about our new bundle? Routing src/Tutorial/CoreBundle/Resources/routing.yml

My First Symfony Site By Default, our bundle routing looks like this: tutorial_core_homepage: pattern: /hello/{name} defaults: { _controller: TutorialCoreBundle:Default:index } Which we can access here: http://localhost/symfony/web/app_dev.php/hello/test

My First Symfony Site By Default, our bundle routing looks like this: tutorial_core_homepage: pattern: /hello/{name} defaults: { _controller: TutorialCoreBundle:Default:index } Which we can access here: http://localhost/symfony/web/app_dev.php/hello/test

My First Symfony Site Imagine trying to build a custom Drupal module page and not implementing hook_menu() This is the same logic behind Symfony routing

My First Symfony Site

My First Symfony Site Let’s open src/Tutorial/CoreBundle/Resources/routing.yml pattern: /hello/{name} Change To pattern: / We might as well set it to our homepage.

My First Symfony Site Because we’ve removed the {name} placeholder, we have to update our Controller and Twig. src/Tutorial/CoreBundle/Controller/DefaultController.php $recipes = $this->getDoctrine() ->getRepository(TutorialCoreBundle:recipe') ->findBy(array(), array('name' => 'asc')); return $this->render('TutorialCoreBundle:Default:index.html. twig', array('recipes' => $recipes));

My First Symfony Site What did we just do? getRepository(TutorialCoreBunder:recipe') ->findBy(array(), array('name' => 'asc')) Is basically the same as building a View - of node.type = ‘recipe’ - sort by node.title, asc But instead of outputting formatting or building a block, we’re just storing a collection of objects.

My First Symfony Site What did we just do? We pass that $recipes collection on to Twig

My First Symfony Site Twig index.html.twig ● Drupal’s page.tpl.php ● We can add whatever markup we need, but no PHP ● Even better, define a base.html.twig and extend it ● Extend allows us to use all the features of the parent, but override when necessary {% extends 'TutorialCoreBundle:Default:base.html.twig' %}

My First Symfony Site Twig index.html.twig <div> {% for recipe in recipes %} <h1>{{ recipe.title }}</h1> {% endfor %} </div>

My First Symfony Site Twig index.html.twig

My First Symfony Site Drupal page.tpl.php

My First Symfony Site Twig

My First Symfony Site Twig One last thing ...

My First Symfony Site Twig index.html.twig

My First Symfony Site Twig index.html.twig Except, that wasn’t Twig That was Django. Python.

My First Symfony Site Django index.html

My First Symfony Site Twig index.html.twig Because the backend logic is decoupled from the front end display, the markup structure is so similar any themer or front end developer can pick up these templates without first having to learn the backend code.

Thank You! Questions? @Mediacurrent Mediacurrent.com slideshare.net/mediacurrent

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