Published on April 7, 2009
CRC Compliance Practicalities and Wider Context March 2009 Richard Barnish © Valpak All Rights Reserved
Who are Valpak UK’s largest compliance scheme Approx. 4,000 member companies ~50% of UK packaging recycling (3.7Mt in 2008) ~15% of UK waste electrical equipment recycling (60kt in 2008) UK‟s largest battery pre-compliance scheme Operators of “Distributor Take Back Scheme” (statutory monopoly) Member owned company, established by industry in 1997 Other areas of interest: Owners of one of the UK's largest and most advanced automated plastic and metal sorting facilities (100k tpa capacity, own fleet of vehicles) “Green Dot” licence holder in UK and member of PRO Europe “Advisory Board” Environmental consultancy team (LCA, Carbon Footprints etc) © Valpak All Rights Reserved
Development of EU Producer Responsibility Germany, June 1991: The German Packaging Ordinance France, April 1992: Lalonde-Decret Austria, October 1993: The Austrian Packaging Ordinance Sweden, October 1994: Swedish Ordinance Belgium, Brussels, December 1994: European Directive on Packaging and Packaging Waste “Producer Responsibility” Principle Establishment of National Compliance Schemes economic stakeholders within the packaging chain foundation of “not for profit” operating organisations organisation of collection activities secure and manage data and funding interact with waste management companies, recyclers, government, regulators, educate consumers © Valpak All Rights Reserved
International Environmental Agenda 1972 The UN (Stockholm) Conference on the Human Environment Urgent pollution problems in nature conservation, noise, and waste ( „PPP‟) 1987 Bruntland Report “Our Common Future” 1992 UN (Rio) Conference on the Environment and Development - UNFCCC 1993 Amsterdam Treaty - “sustainable development” adopted as one of the EU‟s major strategic tasks 1997 Kyoto - 3rd COP to the UNFCCC 2002 The 6th EAP Adopted (2002-2012) - 7 “Thematic Strategies” 2005 Kyoto enters into force EU ETS 2008 Climate Change Bill – target GHG reductions (80% of 1990 by 2050) © Valpak All Rights Reserved
UK climate change / carbon emission reduction instruments Voluntary carbon footprints – LCAs, carbon labels etc voluntary offsetting – using VERs – voluntary emission reduction credits UK ETS – ended Dec 2006 Statutory EU ETS – large energy intensive industry and generators mechanism by which EU will meet Kyoto targets using CERs includes Kyoto green development mechanism (2001) Climate Change Levy (CCL) – fuel tax (non domestic / transport) 80% exemptions from CCL for making and meeting emission reduction targets through Climate Change Agreements (CCAs) Enhanced Capital Allowances Scheme (ECAS) – managed by Carbon Trust tax relief for investments in energy-saving technologies specified on the Energy Technology List (ETL) (2010) Carbon Reduction Commitment – large non energy intensive organisations © Valpak All Rights Reserved
The Environmental Agenda Approx 1990 to 2000 Waste Framework Directive Compulsory waste recycling laws (Landfill Directive / Packaging / ELV / WEEE etc) Approx 2000 to 2010 Growth in voluntary initiatives Product labelling / LCA / carbon foot prints / carbon offsets / newsprint / direct marketing mail Courtauld and House Commitments Approx 2010 onwards Revised Waste Framework Directive Household waste recycling targets Emission reduction laws (EU ETS / CRC) Re-emphasis on product streams Minimisation Environmental regulation has taken a back seat for a while - but new laws and stretching targets in existing regimes will begin to cause difficulties © Valpak All Rights Reserved
Do PPP and Producer Responsibility Work? …yes, to a degree Clear improvements in reported recycling and recovery In line with EU targets But unsure how much would have happened without Regulations New funding streams from industry Approx. £100M pa from obligated packaging „producers‟ in UK Approx. £40M pa from EEE producers and retailers …but Environmental justification for some activities? Targets can have unintended consequences Administrative burden on industry Mixed evidence for any link to design improvements Legislation not compatible with local authority targets Takes time to develop the rules Legislative problems take a long time to solve © Valpak All Rights Reserved
What might be next? EU Sustainable Consumption and Production Strategy (SPC) – adopted 2006 Identifies “Sustainable Industrial Policies” intended to meet EU „sustainable development objectives‟ Improve products‟ environmental performance Promote environmentally better product design Help consumers make more informed environmental product choices English Waste Strategy 2007: “producers will have to make products using more recycled materials…design products that are less wasteful… take responsibility for the environmental impact of their products throughout their life” “retailers will have to reduce packaging, source and market products that are less wasteful, and help their consumers to be less wasteful” EU SPC Communication (was due in 2008) Expected to propose legislative and voluntary measures which could include: Revised eco-design standards Energy or „eco‟ labelling Variable „green‟ product taxation Voluntary EU wide codes of conduct; and consumer education initiatives UK Government also looking at how best to implement some of the same ideas © Valpak All Rights Reserved
Similarities with existing „compliance‟ regimes Registration, data collection verification and submission Purchase of emission permits and permit trading on a potentially volatile market Preparation and submission of auditable „self compliance‟ submissions at year end Criminal prosecution for non-compliance © Valpak All Rights Reserved
Potential issues Approx 35,000 obligated organisations in the UK Large administration burden on the EA Expect large numbers of „free riders‟ Enforcement? Preparation and submission of compliance evidence Fairness of industry grouping in the „league tables‟ What about those who‟ve already minimised? Trading: Premium operators Market speculators © Valpak All Rights Reserved
Thank You firstname.lastname@example.org © Valpak All Rights Reserved
Canvas Prints at Affordable Prices make you smile.Visit http://www.shopcanvasprint...
30 Días en Bici en Gijón organiza un recorrido por los comercios históricos de la ...
Con el fin de conocer mejor el rol que juega internet en el proceso de compra en E...
With three established projects across the country and seven more in the pipeline,...
Retailing is not a rocket science, neither it's walk-in-the-park. In this presenta...
The wider context New commissioning arrangements (the Work Programme, GPs, LAs) Health premiums and Joint Strategic Needs Assessments Existing and new ...
1. ‘Active Learning: Activity or Action?‟ HEA Workshop: Friday, 14th March Dr J M Keane Active Learning: The Wider Context
Wider Context A PowerPoint presentation about Wider Context THE 1980’S • The Goonies was released in 1985. • Stand By Me was released one year ...
Active learning: the wider context - Jim Keane Jun 13, 2015 Education hea-social-sciences. System is processing data Please download to view 1
Rightshifting practicalities ...
Practicalities and miscellaneous; System is processing data Please download to view 1