Published on March 15, 2014
COVADONGA AND CANGAS DE ONÍS Celia Melendi, Cristina Rodríguez and María Ordieres
CANGAS DE ONIS
INDEX - Location - History - Prehistory and romanization - Middle Ages and Modern Ages - XIX century - COVADONGA
HISTORY - Prehistory: From the Superior Paleolithic, there are human remains. Caves: Buxu (lityc, bones and Rupestrial Paintings), Azules (corpse and tools) - Romanization: The river Sella was the limit between the Asturians and the Cantabrians. They fight together against the Romans. For invade them, the Romans have to build a bridge. Roman Bridge
Middle Ages Pelayo chooses as the capital of the kingdom Cangas de Onís, to take advantage of the existing Roman settlement. Between his successors is Alfonso I of Asturias, who increased the borders of the kingdom and repopulated with Christian peoples of the plateau zones of Asturias. In the 16th century, Cangas de Onís appears, as entity and appears in the General Meeting of the Asturias celebrated in 1504 in the convent of San Francisco in Oviedo.
XIX CENTURY IN FORWARD The 19th century will bring the War of the Spanish Independence, Cangas de Onís's regiment is created and the villa will be the capital of one of the military governments. In the middle of the 19th century Cangas de Onís has a great growth due to different improvements: Buferrera's mining exploitation by an English company that was using great quantity of workforce, so much place as of the councils of the whole Asturias. In the 20th century, they will create the National Park of Covadonga's Mountain and the title of city is granted to the capital of the council. This century also will bring the closing of Buferrera's mines, which so much workforce had brought in the last century. But something that was a hard blow, was the Spanish Civil war that brought a great destruction to the whole council. Another historical event to stand out is that in 1978, Cangas de Onís, returned to be the capital of Asturias.
INDEX - Location - Covadonga’s Battle - D. Pelayo Statue - The “Basílica de Santa María la Real de Covadonga” - “La Santina” - The Holy Cave - Covadonga’s Lakes - The Monastery of Saint Pedro
LOCATION It’s in Cangas de Onís, in the middle more or less.
COVADONGA’S BATTLE In Covadonga, D Pelayo and his troops fight against the Al-Andalus’ (Muslims) in the year 722. Spain were dominated by the Muslims and the Pelayo’s troops expelled them. D Pelayo was the chief and now he is considered a hero. D Pelayo statue in Covadonga
THE BASILICA The “Basílica de Santa María la Real de Covadonga” is a religious temple that is in Covadonga. That was declared a Basilica on September 11, 1901. In 1777 a fire destroyed the ancient temple, which was near to the Holy Cave where they worship the Virgin of Covadonga. It was decided to build a new one as a shrine.
LA SANTINA La Virgen de Covadonga, known as La Santina, is an image of the Virgin Maria found in a cave in Covadonga, council of Cangas de Onis, (Asturias, Spain). She is Asturias’ patron. According to tradition, the Virgin helped Christians commanded by Don Pelayo, causing the famous battle of Covadonga, who cast the Arab army. This victory is considered the beginning of the Reconquest .
THE HOLY CAVE The Holy Cave of Covadonga is a Catholic shrine located in the Principality of Asturias, which gives its name to the parish of Covadonga in the municipality of Cangas de Onis.
COVADONGA’S LAKES There are two very important lakes: Enol and Ercina. They’re in Covadonga in the National Park of the Peaks of Europe. They’re very important because they’re very large. Enol lake Ercina lake
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