Countries from a to z iceland

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Information about Countries from a to z iceland
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Published on March 11, 2014

Author: Boerni

Source: slideshare.net

Island ist, nach dem Vereinigten Königreich, der flächenmäßig zweitgrößte Inselstaat Europas. Die Hauptinsel ist die größte Vulkaninsel der Erde und befindet sich knapp südlich des nördlichen Polarkreises. Seit Sommer 2010 ist Island EU- Beitrittskandidat. Zudem ist der Inselstaat Gründungsmitglied der NATO. Die Fläche Islands beträgt 103.125 km², davon sind 100.329 km² Landfläche und 2796 km² Wasserfläche. Der höchste Punkt der Insel ist der Hvannadalshnúkur mit 2110 m. Der längste Fluss ist die Þjórsá mit 230 km. Die Meerenge zwischen Grönland und Island wird Dänemarkstraße genannt. Nördlich von Island liegt die Grönlandsee, östlich liegt das Europäische Nordmeer oder „Nordpolarmeer“, beides Nebenmeere des Arktischen Ozeans. Nach Süden liegt der Nordatlantik. Iceland sometimes referred to in full as the Republic of Iceland (Lýðveldið Ísland), is a Nordic island country marking the juncture between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean, on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The country has a population of 321,857 and a total area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), which makes it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.The capital and largest city is Reykjavík, with the surrounding areas in the southwestern region of the country being home to two-thirds of the country's population. Reykjavík is the most northern capital in the world. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists mainly of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle.

Fotos: National Geographic Icelandiscool.com

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