Countries from a to z hong kong

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Information about Countries from a to z hong kong

Published on February 16, 2014

Author: Boerni



Hongkong (chinesisch 香港, Pinyin Xiānggǎng, kantonesisch Yale: Hēunggóng, Jyutping: Hoeng1 gong2, Guangdong: Hêng1 gong2, englisch Hong Kong ‚Duftender Hafen‘) ist eine Metropole und Sonderverwaltungszone an der Südküste der Volksrepublik China im Mündungsgebiet des Perlflusses. Mit über 7 Millionen Einwohnern auf 1085 km² und einem bedeutenden Wirtschafts- und Finanzsektor zählt Hongkong zu den Weltstädten. 95 % der Einwohner Hongkongs sind chinesischer Abstammung mit überwiegend kantonesischer Muttersprache. Hongkong wurde während des Ersten Opiumkriegs 1841 durch das Vereinigte Königreich besetzt und durch den Vertrag von Nanking 1843 zur britischen Kronkolonie erklärt. Für viele Chinesen war die britische Kolonie Zufluchtsort vor dem Chinesischen Bürgerkrieg 1927 bis 1949 und der daraus hervorgegangenen kommunistischen Volksrepublik China. Im Jahr 1997 erfolgte die Übergabe der Staatshoheit an die Volksrepublik China. Seitdem ist Hongkong eine chinesische Sonderverwaltungszone unter Beibehaltung einer freien Marktwirtschaft und hoher innerer Autonomie. Hong Kong ( ,), alternatively known by its initials H.K., is one of the two Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the other being Macau. It is situated on China's south coast and, enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is known for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour. With a land mass of 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi) and a population of seven million people, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. Hong Kong's population is 93.6% ethnic Chinese and 6.4% from other groups. Hong Kong's Cantonese-speaking majority originate mainly from the neighbouring Canton (now Guangdong) province, from which many of them fled to escape wars and Communist rule in China from the 1930s to the 1960s. Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after the First Opium War (1839–42). The Hong Kong Island was first ceded to the UK in perpetuity, followed by Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 and then the New Territories was put under lease in 1898. It was occupied by Japan during the Pacific War (1941–45), after which the British resumed control until 1997, when China resumed sovereignty.

Photos : Marvin Lee Eddie Chau Pieter Janssen Andy Wong H.L. Tam Tony Yu

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