Copyright and Creative Commons at INACOL 2017

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Information about Copyright and Creative Commons at INACOL 2017

Published on November 7, 2017

Author: MeredithJacob

Source: slideshare.net

1. COPYRIGHT, OPEN LICENSING & CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSES Meredith Jacob Ethan Senack Except where noted, all slides licensed CC-BY 4.0 by Creative Commons United States

2. Copyright law grants to the author (or copyright owner) the exclusive right to: reproduce, make derivatives of, sell, distribute to the public, perform or display publicly, the copyrighted work, subject to fair use and other limitations and exceptions to copyright law. Copyright owners may assign all the rights in their copyright, or give limited licenses that allow others to make specific use of their works. WHAT IS COPYRIGHT?

3. Copyright law applies to intellectual property that are “original works of authorship.” Common types of works protected by copyright include literary, artistic, and musical works. Copyright is automatic, so it applies as soon as the work has been created. Unless otherwise granted, copyright protection in the United States lasts for the life of the author plus 70 years or 100 years for an institutional author. After this time period has expired, works fall into the public domain and are free from copyright restrictions. WHAT DOES COPYRIGHT PROTECT?

4. There are a number of exceptions and limitations to copyright. For example, works produced by federal employees in the course of their employment are in the public domain in the United States. Functional concepts, names, and logos are typically covered by patent or trademark law, if protected at all, rather than copyright. Exceptions in copyright law permit some uses of copyrighted works for libraries, public broadcasters, and around efforts to make works more accessible to those with disabilities. Copyright protects the specific expression of a work - the words - but not the underlying idea. ARE THERE LIMITS TO WHAT COPYRIGHT PROTECTS?

5. Fair use a provision of copyright law that allows the use of a copyrighted work without permission from the copyright holder under specific circumstances. News reporting, teaching, and parody are all examples of activities that could qualify as fair use. Fair use is evaluated on a case-by-case basis, and considers the purpose of the use, how much of the original work is used, and how it impacts the market for the original work. WHAT ABOUT FAIR USE?

6. • Works within the copyright system • Author still holds copyright to the work • Traditional licenses are one to one (negotiated) • Open licenses like the Creative Commons licenses are one to the public/one to many WHAT IS AN OPEN LICENSE?

7. Advantages • Takes advantage digital distribution and authorship • Ability to improve, remix, and translate • Makes informal reuse formally permissible (and possible on the open internet) WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF AN OPEN LICENSE?

8. Copyright is the default • books, assessments, training materials, survey instruments, articles, blogs, photographs, videos, are all automatically protected by copyright • The copyright owner automatically has the exclusive rights to reproduce, distribute, publicly perform, publicly display or adapt the work WHAT IS OUR STARTING POINT?

9. • Clearly communicates to the public that the resource is free to reuse • Grants the public a license to access, reproduce, publicly perform, publicly display, adapt, distribute, and otherwise use for any purposes • provided that the licensee gives attribution to the designated authors of the intellectual property. WHAT DOES A CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSE DO?

10. WHY AN OPEN LICENSE?

11. Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 THE CC LICENSE MARK AND LINK

12. THE HUMAN READABLE VERSION

13. THE LEGAL TEXT

14. The CCSSO policy uses the CC-BY licenses, but there are six types of CC licenses in use TYPES OF CC LICENSES

15. • 109 Districts • 20 states #GO OPEN

16. openupresources.org

17. WA State and K-12 Districts together spend $130M/yearon textbooks. The results are in: • Books are (on average) 7-10 years out of date • Paper only / no digital versions • Students can’t write / highlight in books • Students can’t keep books at end of year • All rights reserved… teachers can’t update • Parents often pay for lost paper books

18. MARKING YOUR WORK © 2013 by CCSSO. Operational Best Practices for Statewide Large-Scale Assessment Programs 2013 Edition is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 it is available at http://www.ccsso.org/Resources/Publications/Operational_ Best_Practices_for_Statewide_Large- Scale_Assessment_Programs.html

19. MARKING YOUR WORK © 2013 by CCSSO. Operational Best Practices for Statewide Large-Scale Assessment Programs 2013 Edition is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 it is available at http://www.ccsso.org/Resources/Publications/Operational_ Best_Practices_for_Statewide_Large- Scale_Assessment_Programs.html Copyright Notice (and Author)

20. MARKING YOUR WORK © 2013 by CCSSO. Operational Best Practices for Statewide Large-Scale Assessment Programs 2013 Edition is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 it is available at http://www.ccsso.org/Resources/Publications/Operational_ Best_Practices_for_Statewide_Large- Scale_Assessment_Programs.html Title of the Work

21. MARKING YOUR WORK © 2013 by CCSSO. Operational Best Practices for Statewide Large-Scale Assessment Programs 2013 Edition is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 it is available at http://www.ccsso.org/Resources/Publications/Operational_ Best_Practices_for_Statewide_Large- Scale_Assessment_Programs.html Name of the CC license used and link to the license text

22. MARKING YOUR WORK © 2013 by CCSSO. Operational Best Practices for Statewide Large-Scale Assessment Programs 2013 Edition is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 it is available at http://www.ccsso.org/Resources/Publications/Operational_ Best_Practices_for_Statewide_Large-Scale _Assessment_Programs.html [Optional – link to the digital version of the document]

23. Open Educational Resources and Creative Commons Licenses by Meredith Jacob, slideshare.net/Meredith Jacob under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC-BY) ATTRIBUTION EXAMPLE

24. • What rights does the author retain? • Can content still be commercialized? • What about building new materials on openly licensed content? • What about materials that contain or builds on existing copyrighted content? – Licensed photos or passages – Combination with proprietary software QUESTIONS ABOUT IMPLEMENTATION - COPYRIGHT

25. • creativecommonsusa.org • creativecommons.org • mjacob@wcl.american.edu • slideshare.net/MeredithJacob OPPORTUNITIES TO LEARN MORE

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