Consumer Markets And Behaviour

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Information about Consumer Markets And Behaviour
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Published on November 7, 2008

Author: faisal3rd

Source: authorstream.com

Group Members : 0 Group Members Muhammad Faisal Faiz-u-Din Damed Umar Navbi Ammal Navbi Badar Qasim Faria Sujhat Ali Consumer Markets and Consumer Buyer Behavior : Consumer Markets and Consumer Buyer Behavior Chapter 4 Objectives : 2 Objectives Be able to define the consumer market and construct a simple model of consumer buyer behavior. Know the four major factors that influence consumer buyer behavior. Objectives : 3 Objectives Understand the major types of buying decision behavior and the stages in the buyer decision process. Be able to describe the adoption and diffusion process for new products. Case Study : 4 Harley “Hogs” account for 1/5 of U.S. cycle sales Sales have exceeded supply for years 1986-2000: Four stock splits, increase of 7,100% Fiercely loyal clientele revolves around 7 core customer types Harley owners use their bikes to express their lifestyle and attitudes Advertising reflects the Harley mystique Harley-Davidson Case Study Definitions : 5 Definitions Consumer Buying Behavior Buying behavior of individuals and households that buy products for personal consumption. Consumer Market All individuals/households who buy products for personal consumption. Model of Consumer Behavior : 6 Stimulus Response Model Marketing and other stimuli enter the buyer’s “black box” and produce certain choice/purchase responses. Marketers must figure out what is inside of the buyer’s “black box” and how stimuli are changed to responses. Model of Consumer Behavior Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior : 7 Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior Cultural Social Personal Psychological Culture Subculture Hispanic consumers African Americans Asian Americans Mature consumers Social Class Key Factors Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior : 8 Hispanics 35 million consumers purchase $425 billion worth of goods and services. Expected to grow 64% in 20 years. Spanish media makes group easy to reach. Brand loyal group. Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior : 9 African Americans 35 million consumers purchase $527 billion worth of goods and services. Growing more affluent / sophisticated. Price and brand name conscious; quality and selection are important. Certain media target this group. Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior : 10 Asian Americans 10 million consumers purchase $229 billion worth of goods and services. Fastest growing, most affluent subculture. Many nationalities comprise this group. Consumer packaged goods companies now target this group more heavily. Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior : 11 Mature Consumers 75 million consumers aged 50+ will grow to 115 million within 25 years. Mature consumers control 50% of all discretionary income. Attractive market for travel, restaurant, and cosmetics products, among others. Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior : 12 Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior Cultural Social Personal Psychological Groups Membership Reference Aspirational groups Opinion leaders Buzz marketing Family Children can influence Roles and Status Key Factors Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior : 13 Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior Cultural Social Personal Psychological Age and life cycle Occupation Economic situation Lifestyle Activities, interests, and opinions Lifestyle segmentation Personality and self-concept Brand personality Key Factors Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior : 14 Brand Personality Dimensions Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior Sincerity Ruggedness Excitement Competence Sophistication Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior : 15 Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior Cultural Social Personal Psychological Motivation Needs provide motives for consumer behavior Motivation research Maslow’s hierarchy of needs Perception Selective attention, selective distortion, selective retention Learning Drives, stimuli, cues, responses and reinforcement Beliefs and attitudes Key Factors Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior : 16 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior Self-actualization Esteem Needs Social Needs Safety Needs Physiological Needs Types of Buying-Decision Behavior : 17 Types of Buying-Decision Behavior Difference between brands Significant Differences Complex buying behavior Low FewDifferences Dissonance-reducing buying behavior Habitual buying behavior Variety-seeking buying behavior High Involvement Level The Buyer Decision Process : 18 Five Stages: Need recognition Information search Evaluation of alternatives Purchase decision Postpurchase behavior The Buyer Decision Process The Buyer Decision Process : 19 The Buyer Decision Process Need recognition Information search Evaluation of alternatives Purchase decision Postpurchase behavior Needs can be triggered by: Internal stimuli Normal needs become strong enough to drive behavior External stimuli Advertisements Friends of friends Process Stages The Buyer Decision Process : 20 The Buyer Decision Process Need recognition Information search Evaluation of alternatives Purchase decision Postpurchase behavior Consumers exhibit heightened attention or actively search for information. Sources of information: Personal Commercial Public Experiential Word-of-mouth Process Stages The Buyer Decision Process : 21 The Buyer Decision Process Need recognition Information search Evaluation of alternatives Purchase decision Postpurchase behavior Evaluation procedure depends on the consumer and the buying situation. Most buyers evaluate multiple attributes, each of which is weighted differently. At the end of the evaluation stage, purchase intentions are formed. Process Stages The Buyer Decision Process : 22 The Buyer Decision Process Need recognition Information search Evaluation of alternatives Purchase decision Postpurchase behavior Two factors intercede between purchase intentions and the actual decision: Attitudes of others Unexpected situational factors Process Stages The Buyer Decision Process : 23 The Buyer Decision Process Need recognition Information search Evaluation of alternatives Purchase decision Postpurchase behavior Satisfaction is important: Delighted consumers engage in positive word-of-mouth. Unhappy customers tell on average 11 other people. It costs more to attract a new customer than it does to retain an existing customer. Cognitive dissonance is common Process Stages Buyer Decision Process for New Products : 24 Buyer Decision Process for New Products New Products Good, service or idea that is perceived by customers as new. Stages in the Adoption Process Marketers should help consumers move through these stages. Buyer Decision Process for New Products : 25 Stages in the Adoption Process Buyer Decision Process for New Products Awareness Evaluation Interest Trial Adoption Buyer Decision Process for New Products : 26 Buyer Decision Process for New Products Individual Differences in Innovativeness Consumers can be classified into five adopter categories, each of which behaves differently toward new products. Product Characteristics and Adoption Five product characteristics influence the adoption rate. Buyer Decision Process for New Products : 27 Adopter Categories Buyer Decision Process for New Products Innovators Early Majority Early Adopters Late Majority Laggards Buyer Decision Process for New Products : 28 Product Characteristics Buyer Decision Process for New Products Relative Advantage Compatibility Complexity Divisibility Communicability Buyer Decision Process for New Products : 29 Buyer Decision Process for New Products International Consumer Behavior Values, attitudes and behaviors differ greatly in other countries. Physical differences exist which require changes in the marketing mix. Customs vary from country to country. Marketers must decide the degree to which they will adapt their marketing efforts.

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