Consumer Decision Making Process

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Information about Consumer Decision Making Process

Published on January 29, 2009

Author: bhagchand

Source: slideshare.net

CONSUMER DECISION MAKING PROCESS

Learning Objectives Understand the three problem solving variations and when consumers use them. Thoroughly understand each stage of the consumer decision making process. Be familiar with low effort decision making tactics. Understand how situational influences affect the decision making process.

Understand the three problem solving variations and when consumers use them.

Thoroughly understand each stage of the consumer decision making process.

Be familiar with low effort decision making tactics.

Understand how situational influences affect the decision making process.

Problem Solving Variations Extended Problem Solving High perceived risk Typically expensive, infrequently purchased products Routine Problem Solving Low perceived risk Purchases made out of habit or brand loyalty Typically inexpensive, frequently purchased product Limited Problem Solving Moderate perceived risk Consumer has limited time or energy

Extended Problem Solving

High perceived risk

Typically expensive, infrequently purchased products

Routine Problem Solving

Low perceived risk

Purchases made out of habit or brand loyalty

Typically inexpensive, frequently purchased product

Limited Problem Solving

Moderate perceived risk

Consumer has limited time or energy

Stages in the Consumer Decision Making Process Problem recognition Information search Alternative evaluation Decision Post decision evaluation

Problem recognition

Information search

Alternative evaluation

Decision

Post decision evaluation

Problem Recognition Occurs when the consumer sees a significant difference between his or her actual and ideal state. Where do we get our notion of what is ideal? personal expectations personal aspirations culture reference group marketing

Occurs when the consumer sees a significant difference between his or her actual and ideal state.

Where do we get our notion of what is ideal?

personal expectations

personal aspirations

culture

reference group

marketing

Internal Search Recalling information, experiences, and feelings concerning products and brands. How much do we engage in internal search? What kind of information is recalled? 1. Brands *evoked set *brand familiarity and retrieval cues increase chances of being in the evoked set 2. Attributes 3. Evaluations 4. Experiences Is internal search always accurate? Confirmation bias

Recalling information, experiences, and feelings concerning products and brands.

How much do we engage in internal search?

What kind of information is recalled?

1. Brands

*evoked set

*brand familiarity and retrieval cues increase chances of being in the evoked set

2. Attributes

3. Evaluations

4. Experiences

Is internal search always accurate?

Confirmation bias

External Search Consumers acquire information from outside sources. Engage in pre-purchase and ongoing search External Sources 1 . Retailer search 2. Media search 3. Interpersonal search 4. Independent search 5. Internet source effects of information overload Is external search always accurate?

Consumers acquire information from outside sources.

Engage in pre-purchase and ongoing search

External Sources

1 . Retailer search

2. Media search

3. Interpersonal search

4. Independent search

5. Internet source

effects of information overload

Is external search always accurate?

How Much do We Engage in External Search? Motivation to Process Information Ability to Process Information Opportunity to Process Information

Motivation to Process Information

Ability to Process Information

Opportunity to Process Information

Evaluation of Alternatives Identifying Alternatives evoked set and consideration set Identifying Evaluative Criteria information search suggests criteria and identifies brands Evaluative criteria includes those criteria that are important to the consumer when rating product alternatives Firms try to identify evaluative criteria through market research.

Identifying Alternatives

evoked set and consideration set

Identifying Evaluative Criteria

information search suggests criteria and identifies brands

Evaluative criteria includes those criteria that are important to the consumer when rating product alternatives

Firms try to identify evaluative criteria through market research.

Decision Consumers select and purchase the product alternative that best meets his or her evaluative criteria. Noncompensatory decision rules Compensatory decision rules

Consumers select and purchase the product alternative that best meets his or her evaluative criteria.

Noncompensatory decision rules

Compensatory decision rules

Post Decision Evaluation Process where consumer reevaluates the product as he uses it. Product performance is compared with consumer expectations. Satisfied customers Dissatisfied customers Cognitive dissonance

Process where consumer reevaluates the product as he uses it.

Product performance is compared with consumer expectations.

Satisfied customers

Dissatisfied customers

Cognitive dissonance

Low Effort Decision Making Heuristics Market Beliefs Brand Loyalty Habit Impulse Purchases Variety Seeking

Heuristics

Market Beliefs

Brand Loyalty

Habit

Impulse Purchases

Variety Seeking

Situational Influences Consumer behavior is influenced by the circumstances surrounding the purchase of a product. Social surroundings Physical surroundings Temporal effects Purchase task

Consumer behavior is influenced by the circumstances surrounding the purchase of a product.

Social surroundings

Physical surroundings

Temporal effects

Purchase task

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