Published on March 11, 2014
March 11, 2014 Consultancy Scrum How we’ve modified scrum to work in a
Todd Ross Nienkerk Digital Strategist and Partner Four Kitchens @toddross email@example.com
Problem Scrum was designed for products with internal teams and stakeholders. Consultancies work on projects with external teams and stakeholders.
Scrum Classic™ • Products • Internally facing • Stakeholders control all resources • “It’s done when it’s done” —Stakeholders
Consultancy Scrum • Projects • Externally facing • Clients and vendors share control of resources • “It’s done when we say it’s done” —Clients
How we’ve modified scrum
Backlog Scrum Classic™ • PO writes stories, prioritizes the backlog, and plans releases and iterations • A ready, sized backlog is only necessary for release planning
Backlog Consultancy Scrum • Client POs are often intimidated by the backlog and unable to be effective. They need to be trained! • A ready, sized backlog is essential to defining the full scope of the project before work begins • Define MVP as early as possible
Daily scrum Scrum Classic™ • PO, SM, and team all attend
Daily scrum Consultancy Scrum • Include the client when possible • Accept that they will not always attend. Find a way to work around it
Demos Scrum Classic™ • The team demos their work at the end of each sprint • The PO accepts or rejects stories on behalf of the stakeholders
Demos Consultancy Scrum • The team pre-demos their work as stories are completed to get the client’s feedback • The sprint demo is a formal acceptance of work he client has already seen • Both the client and PO accept or reject stories
Pick two Scrum Classic™ • Encourage PO and stakeholders to pick the two most important: Budget, Timeline, or Features • Release backlog is fine-tuned to meet the most important of the two, allowing the third to be flexible
Pick two Consultancy Scrum • Budget is always one of the two, even if the client says it isn’t • Budget is a driver and should be reviewed with the client and team on a consistent basis
Velocity (Are we gonna make it?) Scrum Classic™ • A team should remain the same size for the duration of a project or release
Velocity (Are we gonna make it?) Consultancy Scrum • Staffing is fluid and variable • The velocity is determined based on number of resources available for a sprint, which varies sprint to sprint • Retain a “core” team to ensure consistency of knowledge and practices
Timeboxing Scrum Classic™ • Used to limit investigations of features
Timeboxing Consultancy Scrum • Essential to making sure the time spent on a feature is limited to the intended complexity • If something extends past the intended timeframe, a discussion with the client is needed to ensure we are spending time appropriately
Client management Scrum Classic™ • There are no clients in Scrum Classic™ — only stakeholders
Client management Consultancy Scrum • Meet the client’s emotional needs • Appoint an account manager-like point of contact who isn’t purely project- or business-focused
Contracts and SOWs Scrum Classic™ • Contracts and Scopes of Work are usually not necessary when working with an internal team
Contracts and SOWs Consultancy Scrum • Must allow for changes in the plan, timing, features • Appropriately vague descriptions of the project and features allow for change • Document agreed-to changes
Product Owner Scrum Classic™ • Person responsible for a product is guiding the roadmap, backlog, releases, and iterations
Product Project Owner Consultancy Scrum • Renamed “Project Owner” because we’re not dealing with a product • Assign role of PO to someone on the client side whenever possible • If the client can’t be PO, assign that role to someone at the consultancy
Who should be the PO? Client or consultant?
The PO must be empowered to decide what gets built
Client POs must be taught... • What stories are, how to write them, and how to prioritize them • What to look for in accepting stories, how to be critical reviewers, and why acceptance is important • How something can be “done” when it’s only a piece of the puzzle • How to include stakeholders at the right times
If a client isn’t a PO, they still need to... • Have an intimate understanding of the requirements, drivers, and goals of the project • Be involved in critical decisions • Attend the demos, accept the stories, and test them immediately
• Be available for frequent communication • Review the backlog weekly to ensure stories are properly prioritized • Keep an eye on stories at the bottom of the backlog that may not be included in the release
Consultant POs • The consultant PO should never serve a dual role as designer or developer • The Scrum Master can sometimes be the PO. Allowing dual PO and SM role depends entirely on the team, project, and client
Client Product Owner Account Manager Scrum Master Team Client Vendor
When scrum doesn’t work Adopting other methodologies for planning, design, support, and maintenance
Planning and design Build Support and maintenance ScrumWaterfall? Milestones? Sprints? “Scrumfall”? Kanban
Continue the conversation at ConsultancyScrum.org
Thank you!Thank you! All content in this presentation, except where noted otherwise, is Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 licensed and copyright Four Kitchens, LLC.
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