Connectivism_Online

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Information about Connectivism_Online

Published on February 4, 2007

Author: gsiemens

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Presentation to the Online Connectivism Conference delivered on February 2, 2007

Connectivism Learning conceptualized through the lens of today’s world George Siemens

Context Context-free Tree

My argument Exponentially developing knowledge and complexification of society requires non-linear models of learning (process) and knowing (state). We cannot sustain ourselves as learning/knowing beings in the current climate with our current approaches. Networked (social, technological) approaches scale in line with changes, but require a redesign of how we teach, learn (and see learning), and come to know.

Exponentially developing knowledge and complexification of society requires non-linear models of learning (process) and knowing (state). We cannot sustain ourselves as learning/knowing beings in the current climate with our current approaches.

Networked (social, technological) approaches scale in line with changes, but require a redesign of how we teach, learn (and see learning), and come to know.

Big changes change big institutions

What are knowledge trends? Intuitive Growth Fluidity Impact on authority Impact on certainty Technology

Intuitive

Growth

Fluidity

Impact on authority

Impact on certainty

Technology

Fluid knowledge Product to process Creation, dissemination, distribution, end-user relationship

Product to process

Creation, dissemination, distribution, end-user relationship

Architecture of participation powered by network effects

Architecture of participation powered by network effects

Knowledge Knowledge has changed (in quantity, if not core nature) Our reaction on institutional level has not We still see it primarily as a product Learning, knowing, cognition – distributed (Hutchins)

Knowledge has changed (in quantity, if not core nature)

Our reaction on institutional level has not

We still see it primarily as a product

Learning, knowing, cognition – distributed (Hutchins)

Abundance creates problems for existing approaches Inability to process – bounded rationality Require new skills Require new educational models

Inability to process – bounded rationality

Require new skills

Require new educational models

If you have three pet dogs, give them names. If you have 10,000 head of cattle, don't bother. David Gelernter

If you have three pet dogs, give them names. If you have 10,000 head of cattle, don't bother.

David Gelernter

Where can we scale? Human capacity – yes, but bounded Technology capacity – augmentation - primitive Procedural capacity - Network intelligence

Human capacity – yes, but bounded

Technology capacity – augmentation - primitive

Procedural capacity - Network intelligence

Hasn’t it always been this way? Think of it two-fold: Body – our understanding increases in what is there (understanding ourselves) Technology – we create what isn’t (extending ourselves)

Think of it two-fold:

Body – our understanding increases in what is there (understanding ourselves)

Technology – we create what isn’t (extending ourselves)

Learning in relationship to knowledge and mind Distributed – Hutchins – Not “in skull” Spivey et. al. – “not always inside brain” Bereiter – “knowing outside the mind” Externalization – Wittgenstein, Vygotsky Socialization – Papert, Piaget, Bruner, Bandura Ethical/moral obligations…structures – Freire, Illich, Papert, Dewey

Distributed –

Hutchins – Not “in skull”

Spivey et. al. – “not always inside brain”

Bereiter – “knowing outside the mind”

Externalization – Wittgenstein, Vygotsky

Socialization – Papert, Piaget, Bruner, Bandura

Ethical/moral obligations…structures – Freire, Illich, Papert, Dewey

What is a connection Awareness with potential for relationship

Awareness with potential for relationship

Connections of a certain type are valuable: Relevance Of value for information sharing Dense connections reduce adaptability (Beinhocker) “ making connections that generate insight” (Cross, Laseter)

Relevance

Of value for information sharing

Dense connections reduce adaptability (Beinhocker)

“ making connections that generate insight” (Cross, Laseter)

“ Roads no longer merely lead to places; they are places” John Brinckerhoff Jackson

“ Roads no longer merely lead to places; they are places”

John Brinckerhoff Jackson

The power of networks…of doubling

Upgrading our relationship to information/knowledge From knowing about - to knowing where/who - to sensemaking/understanding Cognition – “grunt level work” handled by technology Tag maps/clouds Social bookmarking trends We move to meaning making more rapidly

From knowing about - to knowing where/who - to sensemaking/understanding

Cognition – “grunt level work” handled by technology

Tag maps/clouds

Social bookmarking trends

We move to meaning making more rapidly

 

Connectivism What is it?

What is it?

A certain type of knowledge… Rapidly changing Complex Connected Global Social Technologically mediated

Rapidly changing

Complex

Connected

Global

Social

Technologically mediated

 

But what does this look like practically? Learning is network formation “Network Administrator” Atelier Learning (JSB) Open tools – first generation – we are only now seeing “what is possible”

Learning is network formation

“Network Administrator”

Atelier Learning (JSB)

Open tools – first generation – we are only now seeing “what is possible”

Future Combat Systems

Connected specialization

Undiscovered public knowledge When connections are weak…not more research, but better connections Undiscovered public knowledge (Don Swanson) – systems of information that are similar but distinct or not normally connected

When connections are weak…not more research, but better connections

Undiscovered public knowledge (Don Swanson) – systems of information that are similar but distinct or not normally connected

Blog space as canary Blogs have dealt with information abundance for years. How do we cope? Networks of trusted sources Diversity Openness Aggregators

Blogs have dealt with information abundance for years. How do we cope?

Networks of trusted sources

Diversity

Openness

Aggregators

What skills do our learners need today? Pattern recognition Network formation and evaluation Critical/creative thinking Acceptance of uncertainty/ambiguity Contextualizing

Pattern recognition

Network formation and evaluation

Critical/creative thinking

Acceptance of uncertainty/ambiguity

Contextualizing

“ To the neuroscientist, learning is a whole-person/whole-brain activity what confounds received organizations” Theodore Marchese

“ To the neuroscientist, learning is a whole-person/whole-brain activity what confounds received organizations”

Theodore Marchese

Balance Formal and informal Think holistically: Network (the history of ideas is a network of connections) – structures of openness Ecologies – spaces of diversity Context drives approach

Formal and informal

Think holistically:

Network (the history of ideas is a network of connections) – structures of openness

Ecologies – spaces of diversity

Context drives approach

The role of technology Technology expresses a view…it isn’t neutral Augments, enhances, extends cognition Memory “knowing about” is external

Technology expresses a view…it isn’t neutral

Augments, enhances, extends cognition

Memory “knowing about” is external

The structure of the device becomes the structure of the knowledge James Bosco Book, courses Internet: network…connective pathways

The structure of the device becomes the structure of the knowledge

James Bosco

Book, courses

Internet: network…connective pathways

“ All the knowledge is in the connections” David Rumelhart

“ All the knowledge is in the connections”

David Rumelhart

Concerns Adaptivity – adjust ourselves as our environment and technology adjusts What is the balance between reacting to and influencing the space? Critical views…not utopia

Adaptivity – adjust ourselves as our environment and technology adjusts

What is the balance between reacting to and influencing the space?

Critical views…not utopia

Where is the connection formed? During repeated use? During reflection/rest? “The rest principle states that connections within a pathway of neurons become stronger only if the neurons rest after firing and that the connections will get weaker if the neurons are fired repeatedly without rest.”

During repeated use?

During reflection/rest?

“The rest principle states that connections within a pathway of neurons become stronger only if the neurons rest after firing and that the connections will get weaker if the neurons are fired repeatedly without rest.”

What are the implications of this for our learning? Answer in Moodle forums…

Answer in Moodle forums…

Everything is an experiment Everyone is a creator

Everything is an experiment

Everyone is a creator

www.elearnspace.org www.connectivism.ca www.knowingknowledge.com http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/wordpress

www.elearnspace.org

www.connectivism.ca

www.knowingknowledge.com

http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/wordpress

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