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Information about Conjunctions

Published on June 2, 2008

Author: kreyes


Conjunctions : Conjunctions ESL 899: Transition to College Writing MiraCosta College Kristi Reyes What are conjunctions? : What are conjunctions? Conjunctions are joining words Two or more words: The child ate a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Two or more phrases: She enjoys dancing in nightclubs, singing karaoke, or relaxing at home on the weekends. Two or more sentences: He wants to buy the red convertible. His wife wants to buy the blue minivan. He wants to buy the red convertible, but his wife wants to buy the blue minivan. Which words are conjunctions? : Which words are conjunctions? FANBOYS For : For = because (formal) Example: I am excited because I love English grammar! = I am excited, for I love English grammar! ** Notice: punctuation difference (use a comma with for to join two sentences) Don’t confuse for the conjunction with for the preposition: This present is for you. Remember: For as a conjunction means because For as a preposition will be followed by a noun or pronoun, not a complete sentence or a reason, and indicates direction or purpose And : And = in addition Examples: My two favorite movies are _____ and ____. My three favorite ways to spend my free time are ____, ____, and _______. My four favorite foods are ____, ____, ____, and _______. I like ______________. ______ likes _________. I like ___________, and ______ likes _________. Nor : Nor = am not, or not, neither, not either; not this, not that Use after a negative statement; join two negatives Examples: I don’t like to eat snails, nor ____________. I didn’t sleep well last night, nor _________. I wasn’t in class yesterday, nor __________. ** Notice: use nor + auxiliary verb + subject Auxiliary verbs: to be, do, did, have, modals But : But = opposite, difference Examples: I would love to work for you tomorrow, but ... I don’t eat red meat, but … Or : Or = choice, option, alternative Examples: Do you want pizza or hamburgers for dinner? He’ll give her a ride home, or she’ll walk. Yet : Yet = but (formal) Examples: I wish I could help you with your problem, yet … I don’t normally eat insects, yet … Don’t confuse yet the conjunction with yet the adverb: I haven’t finished writing my report yet. Remember: Yet as a conjunction means but Yet as a adverb indicates time So : So = result or consequence English is my second language, so … I have a day off tomorrow, so … Don’t confuse so the conjunction with so the adverb: I am so sleepy. Remember: So as a conjunction indicates a result or consequence So as a adverb means very Questions? : Questions? Let’s practice …

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