Published on February 25, 2014
Concluding sentences are the last sentences in your paragraphs; their job is to wrap up the main idea(s) of your paragraph, restating their importance. CONCLUDING SENTENCES
The purpose of concluding sentences Concluding sentences link one paragraph to the next, helping you transition and maintain a unity within your text. They fulﬁll three critical roles within the paragraph: 1. Connecting information that you’ve provided in your concrete details and commentary. 2. Linking the current paragraph to the subsequent one by anticipating the next topic sentence. 3. Reinforcing the validity of the information or perspectives found in the concrete details and commentary.
The purpose of concluding sentences, cont. Connecting Information Summarizing the points that you have made. Repeating words and phrases, or using synonyms for them from the topic sentence. Using linking words that indicate that the conclusions are being made: For example Therefore Thus Resulting
The purpose of concluding sentences, cont. Linking Paragraphs Introducing a word, phrase, or new concept that will then be used in the topic sentence of the subsequent paragraph. Using words or phrases that point ahead: For example The following Another Other
The purpose of concluding sentences, cont. Reinforcing Information Making comparisons and contrasts between perspectives Using language that clearly indicates the writer’s preferred perspective or bias Using conjunctions to provide foreground to the importance of some perspectives and background to others: o Though o Notwithstanding o Although o Whereas o Despite o While o In spite of
What to do to make an effective CS End the paragraph with a CS that summarizes or restates the main idea of the topic sentence: Example: TS: A grandma is a truly amazing person who has all of the best characteristics of a mom, but none of the faults. CS: She will go to any length to plan family gettogethers at which a grandma truly shines in her role.
What to do to make an effective CS, cont. Make sure that the concluding sentence doesn’t introduce another subject not discussed in the paragraph. Introducing another subject that isn’t covered by the paragraph confuses the reader and weakens the conclusion.
Adapt the CS to the type of paragraph Compare/Contrast Include the two subjects being compared/ contrasted to reinforce the comparison/contrast Example CS: The fact that these contrasting ﬁgures—Jim Calhoun and Bobby Knight—were two of the most successful coaches in college basketball history proves that there is more than one means of inspiring a team’s success.
Adapt the CS to the type of paragraph, cont. Description Connect details together into an overall impression that restates the impression given in the topic sentence. Example TS: Matthew McConaughey is the type of actor whose very appearance radiates an easy-going sense of humor. CS: McConaughey had the type of lackadaisical attitude that could brighten even the toughest audience’s day.
Adapt the CS to the type of paragraph Classiﬁcation After the rest of the paragraph breaks the topic into component parts, use the CS to sum up the topic as a whole. Example TS: Vehicle safety is essential when driving in rain, sleet, and snow. CS: The precautions you take when operating a vehicle will depend on the weather conditions.
Adapt the CS to the type of paragraph Explanation After the rest of the paragraph explains through the use of examples, use the CS to restate the topic sentence. Example TS: The choices people make can form the backbone of their character. CS: Reputation is truly fragile; it takes years to create, but a single moment to lose.
FORMULATING A CONCLUDING SENTENCE FOR A PARAGRAPH Why is a concluding sentence important in a paragraph? It is needed to show that the writer has completed
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Concluding definition, to bring to an end; finish; terminate: to conclude a speech with a quotation from the Bible. See more. Dictionary.com; Word of the Day;