Concept of secularism

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Information about Concept of secularism
Self Improvement

Published on April 27, 2014

Author: SameerFasih

Source: slideshare.net

CONCEPT OF SECULARISM

CONCEPT OF ALLAH The King, The Sovereign(59:23, 20:114, 23:116), The Controller(59:23), The Creator (6:102, 13:16,36:81, 39:62, 40:62, 59:24), The Evolver, The maker (59:24), The Fashioner, The Shaper, The Designer (59:24), The All-Knowing (2:158, 3:92, 4:35, 24:41, 33:40), The All-Aware (6:18, 17:30, 49:13, 59:18), The Guide, The Way (22:54), The All-Powerful, He Who is able to do Everything (6:65, 46:33, 75:40), The First , The Last (57:3)

CONCEPT OF DIN Act of submission to God is Dīn, rather than Madhhab. Comes 79 times and not a single time as Madhhab. 1. SOVEREIGNTY AND SUPREME AUTHORITY 2. OBEDIENCE AND SUBMISSION TO SUCH AUTHORITY 3. THE SYSTEM OF THOUGHT AND ACTION ESTABLISHED THROUGH THE EXERCISE OF THAT AUTHORITY 4. RETRIBUTION METED OUT BY THE AUTHORITY, IN CONSIDERATION OF LOYALTY AND OBEDIENCE TO IT, OR REBELLION AND TRANSGRESSION AGAINST IT. Four Basic Quranic Terms By Syed Abul-Ala Maududi [Pg. 45]

• “Power, Supremacy, Ascendancy, Sovereignty Or Lordship, Dominion, Law, Constitution, Master y, Government, Realm, Decision, Definite Outcome, Reward And Punishment. On The Other Hand, This Word Is Also Used In The Sense Of Obedience, Submission And Allegiance" Lugh’at-ul-Quran

CONCEPT OF TRUE KNOWLEDGE AL- ILM

ALLAH Revealed knowledge QURAN SUNNAH Conceived knowledge SCIENCES (uloom) Knower of everything This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah 2:2 2:31 And He taught Adam the names - all of them. Then He showed them to the angels and said, "Inform Me of the names of these, if you are truthful. 2:32 They said, "Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise

ALLAH Revealed knowledge RUH (Devine) QALB (Devine organ of perception) Conceived knowledge AQL (Wisdom) Wahi EMPERICISM Knowledge based on experience derived from the senses RATIONALISM Practice or principle of basing opinions and actions on reason and knowledge rather than on religious belief or emotional response

ALLAH REVEALED KNOWLEDGE WAHI QURAN SUNNAH QALB CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE SCIENCES EMPERICISM RATIONALISM

ALLAH REVEALED KNOWLEDGE WAHI QURAN SUNNAH QALB CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE SCIENCES EMPERICISM RATIONALISM F A I T H FAITH

CONCEPT OF INSAAN D e r i v e d F r o m N i s y a n – F o r g e t f u l n e s s M e a n s I n s a n F o r g e t s What he forgets is covenant which he made with ALLAH before coming into being when he was RUH (7:172)

INSAN HUMAN ANIMAL PART LIBIDO FIVE SENSES DEVINE PART RUH DEVINE ANIMAL HUMAN 103 : 1 By Al-'Asr (the time) 103: 2 Verily! Man is in loss ANIMAL DEVINE HUMAN

CONCEPT OF WISDOM HIKMAT

ALLAH REVEALED KNOWLEDGE WAHI QURAN SUNNAH QALB CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE SCIENCES EMPERICISM RATIONALISM W I S D O M F A I T H WISDOM HIKMAT

CONCEPT OF JUSTICE ADL Many Shades And Dimensions Justice For Society Between Individuals Justice for criminals for peace BUT BIGGEST JUSTICE IS WITH YOUR OWN SELF OPPOSITE OF WHICH IS ZULM

ALLAH REVEALED KNOWLEDGE WAHI QURAN SUNNAH CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE SCIENCES SOCIAL SCIENCES ECONOMIC CAPITALISM COMMUNISM MATERIALISM POLITICAL DEMOCRACY SOCIOLOGY EVOLUTION WISDOM HIKMAT JUSTICE

ALLAH REVEALED KNOWLEDGE WAHI QURAN SUNNAH CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE SCIENCES SOCIAL SCIENCES ECONOMIC CAPITALISM COMMUNISM MATERIALISM POLITICAL DEMOCRACY SOCIOLOGY EVOLUTION HIKMAT WISDOM TOTALLY PARTIALY NEGLECTED SHARIAHUNJUSTICE TO OURSELF ZULM

ALL PRE VIOUS KNOWLE DGE LEAD TO DIREC TION OF AC TION A C T I O N C O U L D B E O F A N I N D I V I D U A L O R A N AT I O N

ACTION OF NATIONS JUDGED IN THIS WORLD A C T I O N O F I N D I V I D U A L S T O B E J U D G E D O N T H E J U D G M E N T D AY

ACTIONS COULD BE RIGHT OR WRONG J U D G E D B Y H I T A N D T R I A L J U D G E D B Y W I S D O M J U D G E D B Y H I S T O R Y ACTIONS AND JUDGMENTS JUDGED BY The King, The Sovereign(59:23, 20:114, 23:116), The Controller(59:23), The Creator (6:102, 13:16,36:81, 39:62, 40:62, 59:24), The Evolver, The maker (59:24), The Fashioner, The Shaper, The Designer (59:24), The All-Knowing (2:158, 3:92, 4:35, 24:41, 33:40), The All-Aware (6:18, 17:30, 49:13, 59:18), The Guide, The Way (22:54), The All-Powerful, He Who is able to do Everything (6:65, 46:33, 75:40), The First , The Last (57:3 And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then it is those who are the disbelievers. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then it is those who are the wrongdoers. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then it is those who are the defiantly disobedient.

REASON FOR GRADUAL NEGLEC T OF REVEALED KNOWLE DGE W H E R E W E S TA N D N O W A D AY S

ALLAH REVEALED KNOWLEDGE WAHI QURAN SUNNAH CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE SCIENCES SOCIAL SCIENCES ECONOMIC CAPITALISM COMMUNISM MATERIALISM POLITICAL DEMOCRACY SOCIOLOGY EVOLUTION T I M E F L O W E A R LY I S L A M I C T I M E K N O W L E D G E K N O W L E D G E REVEALED KNOWLEDGE ABSOLUTE UNCHANGABLE FOR EVERYTIME M O D E R N I S L A M I C P E R I O D K N O W L E D G E K N O W L E D G E REVEALED KNOWLEDGE ABSOLETE CHANGABLE FOR EVERYTIME EARLY MUSLIMS M A U L V I M O D E R N H U M A N S ALL EMBRACING DOMINATION OF WESTERN THOUGHT

CHRISTIANITY TRUE CHRISTIANITY NOW ALMOST ABSOLETE BASED ON REVEALED KNOWLEDGE WESTERN CHRISTIANITY WORLD MOST DOMINANT DOMINATED IN CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE BASED ON DOGMA ALLAH AS TRINITY CHRIST AS INCARNATION CONCEPT OF SALVATION THOUGHT TO BE REVEALED NOTE WESTERN CHRISTIANITY IS NOT THE REVEALED RELIGION EARLY CONFLICT BETWEEN SCIENCE AND RELIGION AT THE TIME OF JUSTINIAN 529BC LATE CONFLICT BETWEEN STATE AND CHURCH IN 17TH CENTURY AD , RENAISSANCE HENCE CONCLUDED RELIGION IS INCOMPATIBLE WITH SCIENCE AND STATE

EARLY ISLAMIC PERIOD • REVEALED KNOWLEDGE •CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE MIDDLE ISLAMIC PERIOD • REVEALED KNOWLEDGE • CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE MODERN ISLAMIC PERIOD • CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE ASSESSED BY REVEALED KNOWLEDGE REVEALED KNOWLEDGE ASSESSED BY CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE IMAM RAZI IMAM GHAZALI AL FARABI IBN E SINA IBN RUSHD IBN TAYMIYYAH IBN AL-HAYTHAM WESTERN EMPIRE STARTED AFTER CRUSADES First British Empire (1583–1783) Rise of the Second British Empire (1783– 1815) Britain's imperial century (1815–1914) 26,000,000 km2 WEST DEFEATED LEADING TO LOSS OF EMPIRE BUT THE THOUGHT AND CULTURE PREVAILED WITH FULL DOMINANCE , PEOPLE TOTALLY UNAWARE OF IT LEADING TO MISUNDERSTANDING OF REVEALED KNOWLEDGE

ALLAH REVEALED KNOWLEDGE QURAN CONCIEVED KNOWLEDGE SCIENCES EMPERICISM NATURE QURAN ONLY FOR RECOMPENSE AND REWARD SOCIAL ANIMAL MADE OF MATTER ONLY HUMAN PROGRESS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES IN 19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURY WAS COMENDABLE MANY GREAT NAMES The Philosophy of 'As If' Agnostism and skeptism by John Stuart Mil Naturalism by Santiana Dialectical materialism by Karl Marx Emergent evolution by Lloyd Morgan Atheism by Moris Cohan Humanism by Shiller Realism by Moore Logical empericism by Carnap Existentialism by Jean-Paul Sarte Communism by Vladimir Lenin Phenomen alism by Husserl Logical atomatism by Bertrand Russell Pragmatism by Devi MEANING OF WORLDLY LIFE DOMINATED AND CONCEPT OF LIFE AFTER DEATH NOW TOTALLY ELIMINATED FROM MIND ALLAH REPLACED BY NATURAL UNIVERSE DEVINE SPIRIT REPLACED BY MATERIAL BODY WORLDLY LIFE REPLACED BY AFTER LIFE

. The basic problem, therefore, is that of education- the lack of proper and adequate Islamic education and western dominance in all walk of lives. The rise of false leaders in all spheres of life, rise of false 'ulamma' who restrict knowledge (al-'ilm) to the domain of jurisprudence (fiqh), they delight in endless controversy, disputations and polemics which succeed only in making mountains out of jurisprudential molehills in whose blind paths the gene- reality of Muslims are left guideless and bewildered. Themisguidanceleadtotheemphasison differencesbetweenthevarious“madahib” andtoobstinateadherencetotrivialitieswithin them,whichinturngraduallyincitethe modernistandtraditionalist'reformers'and theirfollowerstoattackfalselythe “mujtahidiin”therebyundermininglegitimate authority,andtodiscredittheconceptand validityofthe“madhhab”inislamiclife. Confusion and error in knowledge lead to the rise of leaders who are not qualified for valid leadership of the Muslim community, who do not possess the high moral, intellectual and spiritual standards required for Islamic leadership, who perpetuate the condition further, ensure the continued control of the affairs of the community by leaders like them who dominate in all fields. S e c u l a r i s m I m p l i e s T h a t T h e D i v i n e G u i d a n c e , Wo r s h i p O f G o d , A n d O b e d i e n c e To H i m , S h o u l d B e C o n f i n e d To T h e P e r s o n a l L i fe O f E a c h I n d i v i d u a l A n d E xc e p t F o r T h e S m a l l S p h e r e O f A P e r s o n ' s P r i v a t e L i fe , A l l O t h e r A f fa i r s O f T h i s Wo r l d S h o u l d B e S e t t l e d P u re l y F ro m T h e Wo r l d l y V i e w p o i n t , A c c o r d i n g To O u r O w n W i s h e s A n d E x p e d i e n c y I n S u c h M a t t e r s I t I s O u t O f T h e Q u e s t i o n To T h i n k O f W h a t G O D M ay H a v e C o m m a n d e d , W h a t H i s G u i d a n c e C o n s i s t s O f A n d W h a t T h e D i v i n e B o o k s M ay L ay D o w n T h i s At t i t u d e O w e s I t s O r i g i n To T h e Re a c t i o n T h a t S e t I n A m o n g T h e We s t e r n P e o p l e s A s A Re s u l t O f T h e i r H a t r e d O f T h e M a n M a d e T h e o l o g y O f C h r i s t i a n M i s s i o n a r i e s , A T h e o l o g y W h i c h H a d B e c o m e A C u r s e F o r T h e m A n d W h i c h F o r g e d T h e i r S h a c k l e s TO CONCLUDE FOR WHAT WE HAVE GONE THROUGH

IMPACT ON INDIVUDUALS AND COMMUNITY

ANIMAL DEVINE HUMAN HUMAN HUMANITY & HUMAN RIGHTS LIBERALISM, FAS HION & ENLIGHTMENT Due To Total Neglect Of Divine Part Religion Just Became The Private Matter And Relation With GOD Not DEEN. Separation From Devine Realm Lead To Change In Meaning Of Ibadah To Just Daily Five Congregational Prayers , Up To Most Nawafil, Reciting Names Of ALLAH On Beads and Making Several Ummrah And Hajj. Lack Of True Knowledge Lead To Change In Meaning Of Islam, Ibadah And Deen. ISLAM Means “TO SURRENDER” , IBADAH Means “TO BECOME ABD OF ALLAH WITH LOVE AND WILL” To Become Ghulaam Of ALLAH Rather Than A Servant Who Serves Him Part Time During His Prayers And To The Most In Other Nafali Ibadah. FROM A RATIONAL VIEW POINT If He is in reality our Creator, Master, and Sovereign and so also of this universe, then it is equally meaningless that His jurisdiction should be limited to the private life of an individual and from the very point from which the contact of one person with another commences, His jurisdiction should cease and come to an end Again it passes our understanding completely that if we do not need GOD and His Guidance and direction in our family affairs, in the affairs of our town and city, in our schools and colleges, in our bazaars and markets, in our parliaments and government houses, in our high courts and secretariat offices, in our cantonments and police lines, and in our battlefields and peace conferences, then what other sphere of life is left in which He should be needed at all? Why should such a GOD be accepted and believed in or worshipped, Who is either so useless that He does not give us any guidance in the affairs of our life or (we seek the refuge of GOD in saying so) that He is so foolish that none of his directions to regulate our affairs appear to us to be reasonable or practicable? In Nut Shell Decrease In Imaan (Faith) Lead To Above Versus Above Lead To Decrease In Imaan (Faith) Is Debatable But DECREASE IN IMAAN IS THE CRUX OF MATTER

ANIMAL DEVINE HUMAN HUMAN Due To Change In Individual Level, Lead To Separation Of Devine Realm From The Social Level As Well, I.E. Between Individuals, Between Society And Individuals, Between State And Society Leading To Secular Government. Due To Globalization The Concept Of Secularism Is The Dominant Most Ruling Ideology Of Muslim States, Pakistan Is Thought To Be A Islamic State But Its Behaviour Is Of A Muslim State Which Is Secular In Its Belief. I n R e a c t i o n To A b o v e A p p e a r e d T h e S o c a l l e d F u n d a m e n t a l i s t s , W h o P r a c t i s e d R a d i c a l i s m . F u r t h e r D e t e r i o r a t i n g T h e Po s i t i o n O f R e l i g i o n I n I n d i v i d u a l A n d S o c i a l S p h e r e O f L i v e s .

The Qur'an describes the MAJORITY of the earth's population “so be not deceived by their [uninhibited] movement throughout the land” [40:4] "But MOST of the people DO NOT KNOW." [12:21] "No, but MOST of them DO NOT USE THEIR MINDS." [29:63] "MOST of the people DO NOT BELIEVE." [40:59] "They are not EXCEPT like sheep. No, but they are even more astray." [25:44] The Messenger (sas) has informed us that the correct Deen is like a stranger to the people when he said: Indeed Islaam began as a stranger and shall return as a stranger just as it began, so Toobaa (a tree in Paradise) for the strangers.

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