Published on March 12, 2014
COMPUTERIZED GRADING SYSTEM Chapters 1-3
Introduction People nowadays are living in an information age dependent upon digital information . Digital information is electronic information, the result of computer processing. Each type of job relies upon getting information, using it, managing it, and relaying information to others. Computer enable the efficient processing and storage of information. A grading system plays a key role in the management system of any school. But, such systems do not often relate expectations, outcomes and performance. As each student desires to achieve a good score for each assignment, exam, project and/or report, the whole process adds a heavy work load for teachers in order to make their evaluation fair, comprehensive, and accurate. From the faculty perspective, these are necessary to avoid disagreement from students and parents. A computerized grading system is a highly desirable addition to the educational tool-kit, particularly when it can provide less effort and a more effective and timely outcome. A grading system plays a key role in the management system of any school. But, such systems do not often relate expectations, outcomes and performance. As each student desires to achieve a good score for each assignment, exam, project and/or report, the whole process adds a heavy work load for teachers in order to make their evaluation fair, comprehensive, and accurate. From the faculty perspective, these are necessary to avoid disagreement from students and parents. A computerized grading system is a highly desirable addition to the educational tool-kit, particularly when it can provide less effort and a more effective and timely outcome. Grading system are designed to provide incentives for achievement and assist in identifying problem area of a student. It is the most commonly used means of analyzing student performance, talents, and skills. Student’s grades are vital information needed in advancing to the next grade/year level and its accuracy is very important.
1.1 Background of the Study Metropolitan Academy School is a small private school in Santa Ana Manila. It was established four years ago and is utilizing the manual system in almost all phases of their school work. The school maintains a small staff of teachers and personnel as compared to its growing population. There are teachers handling as much as four different subjects, aside from being a class adviser and area coordinator. Majority of the teachers handle three different grade levels. Metropolitan Academy School uses the manual way of computing grades and adding information or records of both students and professors. The process entails a lot of effort and by computing and storing of data manually the process is prone to error especially for the professors who handle two or more classes. By using the manual way of computing and storing data, being prone to error is possible and just by a single mistake, repeating the process may be required. Developing a computerized grading system for Metropolitan Academy School would make the task of recording and computing grades easier for the teachers. This will not only benefit the teachers of the school but will also benefit the students because of the improvement in the accuracy of calculations and in the proficiency and productivity of the teachers.
1.2 Statement of the Problem 1.2.1 General Problem The manual method employed by the teachers of Metropolitan Academy School in recording and computing for the grades of their students results in frequent errors and delay in the submission of reports, not to mention the added work load for teachers. 1.2.2 Specific Problem The manual method of recording and grade computation is time consuming, prone to human error. The delay in meeting deadlines for submission of grading sheets and reports. 1.3 Statement of Problem 1.3.1 General Objectives To develop a computerized grading system for Metropolitan Academy School that would make the recording and computation of grades easier for teachers, improve the accuracy and timely submission of reports, and provide a means of determining the academic progress of each student.
1.3.2 Specific Objectives To lessen the job of the faculty in terms of manual computing and adding records. To facility the job of teachers and administration. To provide correct and timely information. 1.3.1Significance of the Study The computers provide convenience to its user through the easier and faster way of recording information. Population of students in almost all- educational institution is rapidly increasing so great demand in teaching force is also becoming higher. Grading System is very important aspect of a school’s operation and goals. The students are graded to measure their performance and knowledge in every grading period. Teachers spend massive time to accurately compute the grades of the students using their calculators, and, in earlier times, teachers manually solve grades using paper and pen.
Faculty Teachers. Teachers would be able to record and compute for the grades of their students faster thereby lessening their workload and providing them with added time to attend to other functions. This in turn would improve their efficiency as teachers. School Administrators. School Administrators need not compute for the grades of each student to check on their accuracy. Reports such as grading sheets and class records can be submitted on time. Students. Students can now look forward to better lessons since their teachers would have added time to prepare for them. Parents. Parents can now rely on the accuracy of the ratings of their children. The computerized grading system makes it possible for parents to have an accurate assessment of their children’s intellectual, social and emotional development, achievement, and performance. 1.3.2 Scope and Limitation This study is for the use of Metropolitan Academy School and as such, it focuses on its existing grading system. The proposed Computerized Grading System will cover the recording and computation of grades of students based on their ratings for quizzes, recitation, assignments, projects, unit tests, and periodical exams. This will not include grade transmutation or use of transmutation tables. The rating entered are all in percentage formats.
2.0 Methodology of Study The descriptive method of research was used for this study, The main concern of the teachers was to understand how students grades are computed, determining its components and distribution, and have a clear picture of the activities undertaken by teachers in computing for the grades of students. 3.0 Data Gathering Procedures and Output To provide and gather as much informative and relevant data for this study, interviews with school administrators and faculty members were conducted. A questionnaire was used as the main data- gathering instrument for this study. It was divided into two main sections: the profile and the questionnaire proper consisted of questions that focused mainly on the components of the student’s grade and how grades are computed. The researchers prepared a letter addressed to the principal of Metropolitan Academy School asking for permission to use the school as recipient of our Computerized Grading System and, consequently, to conduct interviews and administer questionnaires as part of our data gathering activities.
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