Computer Organization and Architect

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Information about Computer Organization and Architect

Published on March 12, 2014

Author: chamilagayanfern


Computer & Network Technology: Computer & Network Technology Chamila Fernando BSc(Eng) Hons,MBA,MIEEE Computer Organization and Architecture Architecture & Organization 1: Architecture & Organization 1 Architecture is those attributes visible to the programmer Instruction set, number of bits used for data representation, I/O mechanisms, addressing techniques. e.g. Is there a multiply instruction? Organization is how features are implemented Control signals, interfaces, memory technology. e.g. Is there a hardware multiply unit or is it done by repeated addition? Architecture & Organization 2: Architecture & Organization 2 All Intel x86 family share the same basic architecture The IBM System/370 family share the same basic architecture This gives code compatibility At least backwards Organization differs between different versions Structure & Function: Structure & Function Structure is the way in which components relate to each other Function is the operation of individual components as part of the structure Function: Function All computer functions are: Data processing Data storage Data movement Control Functional View: Functional View Operations (a) Data movement: Operations (a) Data movement Operations (b) Storage : Operations (b) Storage Operation (c) Processing from/to storage : Operation (c) Processing from/to storage Operation (d) Processing from storage to I/O: Operation (d) Processing from storage to I/O Structure - Top Level: Structure - Top Level Computer Main Memory Input Output Systems Interconnection Peripherals Communication lines Central Processing Unit Computer Structure - The CPU: Structure - The CPU Computer Arithmetic and Login Unit Control Unit Internal CPU Interconnection Registers CPU I/O Memory System Bus CPU Structure - The Control Unit: Structure - The Control Unit CPU Control Memory Control Unit Registers and Decoders Sequencing Login Control Unit ALU Registers Internal Bus Control Unit Outline of the Book (1): Outline of the Book (1) Computer Evolution and Performance Computer Interconnection Structures Internal Memory External Memory Input/Output Operating Systems Support Computer Arithmetic Instruction Sets Outline of the Book (2): Outline of the Book (2) CPU Structure and Function Reduced Instruction Set Computers Superscalar Processors Control Unit Operation Microprogrammed Control Multiprocessors and Vector Processing Digital Logic (Appendix) Internet Resources - Web site for book: Internet Resources - Web site for book links to sites of interest links to sites for courses that use the book errata list for book information on other books by W. Stallings Math How-to Research resources Misc Internet Resources - Web sites to look for: Internet Resources - Web sites to look for WWW Computer Architecture Home Page CPU Info Center Processor Emporium ACM Special Interest Group on Computer Architecture IEEE Technical Committee on Computer Architecture Intel Technology Journal Manufacturer’s sites Intel, IBM, etc. Internet Resources - Usenet News Groups: Internet Resources - Usenet News Groups comp.arch comp.arch.arithmetic comp.parallel

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