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Complexity Thinking

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Information about Complexity Thinking

Published on February 10, 2009

Author: Schot.Sander

Source: slideshare.net

Description

I am very fond of complexity thinking these days. It provides a refreshing alternative for people planning interventions and conducting evaluation in humanitarian and development aid.
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Simplicity on the Other Side of Complexity An Introduction to Complexity Science and Management

I. Introductions and Purpose Introductions Faculty Staff Special Guests

Introductions

Faculty

Staff

Special Guests

Our Purpose To build understanding of & confidence in using complexity principles and practices

To build understanding of & confidence in using complexity principles and practices

Who Is In The Room? Connection Before Content Find a “strange attractor” “ Exercise or Exorcism?”

Find a “strange attractor”

“ Exercise or Exorcism?”

II. How This Workshop Will Be Different Structured Improvisation Many activities may seem paradoxical: structured with simple rules that draw out insight; familiar and fundamentally different We will rely on emergence as well as formal methods We intend to have serious fun (and surprises) as we learn! We will work at three levels throughout the day: transferring information, skill building, and mental model shifting

Structured Improvisation

Many activities may seem paradoxical: structured with simple rules that draw out insight; familiar and fundamentally different

We will rely on emergence as well as formal methods

We intend to have serious fun (and surprises) as we learn!

We will work at three levels throughout the day: transferring information, skill building, and mental model shifting

 

The Illuminating, Profound Poetry of Complexity Language can be used for poetry or prose. In a poem, the meaning of words is far more dense. That is, each word may carry several meanings; and a sentence as a whole may carry an enormous density of interlocking meanings… together they illuminate the whole from multiple perspectives. The more dense and embedded -- the more breadth and depth -- the more profound a poem can become. Like poetry, this complexity course strings together many patterns in words, images & experience. Within the embedded patterns or fractals, we hope you will find simplicity illuminated… and linked directly to multiple levels of your experience. We hope for illumination both in the larger patterns in which your work is embedded (our ecology & economy) and the smaller patterns that are embedded in it (day-to-day activities).

Language can be used for poetry or prose. In a poem, the meaning of words is far more dense. That is, each word may carry several meanings; and a sentence as a whole may carry an enormous density of interlocking meanings… together they illuminate the whole from multiple perspectives.

The more dense and embedded -- the more breadth and depth -- the more profound a poem can become.

Like poetry, this complexity course strings together many patterns in words, images & experience. Within the embedded patterns or fractals, we hope you will find simplicity illuminated… and linked directly to multiple levels of your experience.

We hope for illumination both in the larger patterns in which your work is embedded (our ecology & economy) and the smaller patterns that are embedded in it (day-to-day activities).

Creative Illumination The poet’s eye, in a fine frenzy rolling, Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven, And, as imagination bodies forth The forms of things unknown, the poet’s pen Turns them into shapes, and gives to airy nothing A local habitation and name. William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream

The poet’s eye, in a fine frenzy rolling,

Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven,

And, as imagination bodies forth

The forms of things unknown, the poet’s pen

Turns them into shapes, and gives to airy nothing

A local habitation and name.

William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream

Bridging Polarities We will move from Either/Or to “Yes, And” Thinking Paradox frames the door to life. Charles Johnson

Workshop Agenda & Rules See Agenda for details Lunch & break times will be set as we go Take responsibility for your own learning; vote with your feet during interactive sessions Expect to be provoked, challenged and surprised -- complexity turns convention on its head Please turn off cellular phone and beepers Try to keep your “stuff” collected. We will be moving about the room Phones and bathrooms are...

See Agenda for details

Lunch & break times will be set as we go

Take responsibility for your own learning; vote with your feet during interactive sessions

Expect to be provoked, challenged and surprised -- complexity turns convention on its head

Please turn off cellular phone and beepers

Try to keep your “stuff” collected. We will be moving about the room

Phones and bathrooms are...

How We Will Measure Success See Handout

See Handout

III. Seeing Through A Complexity Lens

Inspiration from Complex Adaptive Systems Definition: A collection of individual agents, who have the freedom to act in unpredictable ways, and whose actions are interconnected such that one agent’s actions changes the context for other agents. Examples: termite colonies, stock markets, the Internet, gardens, human beings, groups of people

Definition: A collection of individual agents, who have the freedom to act in unpredictable ways, and whose actions are interconnected such that one agent’s actions changes the context for other agents.

Examples: termite colonies, stock markets, the Internet, gardens, human beings, groups of people

Defining Complex Adaptive Systems Alternative CAS definition by Ralph Stacey: CASs consist of a network of agents that interact with each other according to a set of rules that require them to examine and respond to each other’s behavior to improve their behavior and thus the behavior of the system they comprise.

Alternative CAS definition by Ralph Stacey:

CASs consist of a network of agents that interact with each other according to a set of rules that require them to examine and respond to each other’s behavior to improve their behavior and thus the behavior of the system they comprise.

Attributes of Complex Adaptive Systems Elements of the system change themselves (they adapt) Complex behaviors can emerge from a few simple rules that are applied locally Emergence of novelty & creativity is a natural state Order emerges without central control Non-linearity: small changes can have BIG effects Systems are embedded in systems & their interdependency matters Not predictable in detail: forecasting is an inexact, yet boundable, art Co-evolution of life proceeds through constant tension & balance Adapted from Paul Plsek

Elements of the system change themselves (they adapt)

Complex behaviors can emerge from a few simple rules that are applied locally

Emergence of novelty & creativity is a natural state

Order emerges without central control

Non-linearity: small changes can have BIG effects

Systems are embedded in systems & their interdependency matters

Not predictable in detail: forecasting is an inexact, yet boundable, art

Co-evolution of life proceeds through constant tension & balance

Adapted from Paul Plsek

Interdependent Attributes Adaptable Elements Embedded Systems Co-Evolution Non-Linearity Simple Rules Not Predicable in Detail Order w/o Central Control Natural Emergence & Creativity

Why Now? More of our world is connected, complex and interdependent than ever before Entities that embrace these principles and practices seem to adapt and grow; and, institutions that don’t, are not functioning well at all New complexity science directly challenges pervasive Newtonian “machine-age” thinking Advances in biology & CASs are informing science & technology advances in other fields Time and space have been compressed (the lags & gaps have disappeared)

More of our world is connected, complex and interdependent than ever before

Entities that embrace these principles and practices seem to adapt and grow; and, institutions that don’t, are not functioning well at all

New complexity science directly challenges pervasive Newtonian “machine-age” thinking

Advances in biology & CASs are informing science & technology advances in other fields

Time and space have been compressed (the lags & gaps have disappeared)

Complexity Lens Reflection We are finely tuned “complex adaptive systems,” especially when we are working at our highest intelligence & purpose. Describe a time or experience when a collaborative effort created or encouraged something surprising . It should be something you are proud to have been a part of… a difference that made a difference. It can be a very small, subtle thing. It could be from your current workplace or a past effort of any kind. See the Workbook Handout

We are finely tuned “complex adaptive systems,” especially when we are working at our highest intelligence & purpose.

Describe a time or experience when a collaborative effort created or encouraged something surprising . It should be something you are proud to have been a part of… a difference that made a difference. It can be a very small, subtle thing. It could be from your current workplace or a past effort of any kind.

See the Workbook Handout

When Complexity Practices Are Useful When you are frustrated with current and past approaches When challenges are wicked and messy When you want to start something new When there is little agreement or certainty about how to respond * * See the Zone of Complexity in Ralph Stacey’s diagram

When you are frustrated with current and past approaches

When challenges are wicked and messy

When you want to start something new

When there is little agreement or certainty about how to respond *

* See the Zone of Complexity in Ralph Stacey’s diagram

Stacey Diagram Know When Your Challenges Are In the Zone of Complexity Certainty Agreement Close to Far from Far from Close to Simple Plan, control Chaotic Seek Patterns Zone of Complexity

Stacey Diagram Know When Your Challenges Are In the Zone of Complexity Certainty Agreement Close to Far from Far from Close to Simple Plan, control Chaotic Seek Patterns Complicated Complex Swarm

What Approaches Are Useful in the Zone? Certainty Agreement Close to Far from Far from Close to Simple Plan, control Chaos Seek Patterns CAS Metaphors, Good Enough Vision, Minimum Specs, Seeking Out Paradox, Multiple Actions, Chunking, Generative Relationships, Informal Networks, Tuning To Your System & Natural Attractors, Swarmware Creative Adaptability

Simple & Complex Approaches Simple Plan then act Create explicit plans Look for agreement & a clear outcome Limit type of actions Drive implementation & set targets Complex “ Act-learn-plan” at the same time Look for divergence Use multiple actions & min specs Tune to the edge Build on what emerges & grows

Simple

Plan then act

Create explicit plans

Look for agreement & a clear outcome

Limit type of actions

Drive implementation & set targets

Complex

“ Act-learn-plan” at the same time

Look for divergence

Use multiple actions & min specs

Tune to the edge

Build on what emerges & grows

 

Leadership Tasks In A Professional Bureaucracy role defining – job and task descriptions tight structuring – use chain of command simplifying – prioritize or limit simple actions socializing – seek homogeneous values & ideas decision making – find the “best” choice knowing – decide & tell others what to do controlling – tightly managed execution planning via forecasting – plan & then roll out staying the course – align & maintain focus Adapted from Ruth Anderson & Reuben McDaniel, JR.

role defining – job and task descriptions

tight structuring – use chain of command

simplifying – prioritize or limit simple actions

socializing – seek homogeneous values & ideas

decision making – find the “best” choice

knowing – decide & tell others what to do

controlling – tightly managed execution

planning via forecasting – plan & then roll out

staying the course – align & maintain focus

Leadership Tasks Complex Adaptive System relationship building – work with patterns of interaction loose coupling – informal communities of practice complicating – add more degrees of freedom diversifying – draw out & exploit difference sense making – collective interpretation/meaning learning – act/learn/plan at the same time improvising – intuition guiding action w/min specs thinking about the future – imagine surprises noticing emergent direction – build on what works Adapted from Ruth Anderson & Reuben McDaniel, JR.

relationship building – work with patterns of interaction

loose coupling – informal communities of practice

complicating – add more degrees of freedom

diversifying – draw out & exploit difference

sense making – collective interpretation/meaning

learning – act/learn/plan at the same time

improvising – intuition guiding action w/min specs

thinking about the future – imagine surprises

noticing emergent direction – build on what works

Leadership Tasks Adapted from Ruth Anderson & Reuben McDaniel, JR. Professional Bureaucracy Complex Adaptive System role defining tight structuring simplifying socializing decision making knowing controlling (w/ max specs) planning via forecasting stay the course relationship building loose coupling complicating diversifying sense making learning improvising (w/ min specs) thinking about the future noticing emergent direction

role defining

tight structuring

simplifying

socializing

decision making

knowing

controlling (w/ max specs)

planning via forecasting

stay the course

relationship building

loose coupling

complicating

diversifying

sense making

learning

improvising (w/ min specs)

thinking about the future

noticing emergent direction

How Does Simplicity Emerge from CASs? “ Given the right circumstances, from no more than dreams, determination, and the liberty to try, ordinary people consistently do extraordinary things. To lead is to create those circumstances.” Dee Hock, Visa Founder “ Nobody knows exactly how it works, but we can give it what it needs to grow... prepare & fertilize soil with collaborative technology; seed with change agents; protect new growth; water the “right plant in the right place”; weed & prune what does not grow; harvest when ripe.” Peter & Trudy Johnson-Lenz, Awakening Technologies

“ Given the right circumstances, from no more than dreams, determination, and the liberty to try, ordinary people consistently do extraordinary things. To lead is to create those circumstances.” Dee Hock, Visa Founder

“ Nobody knows exactly how it works, but we can give it what it needs to grow... prepare & fertilize soil with collaborative technology; seed with change agents; protect new growth; water the “right plant in the right place”; weed & prune what does not grow; harvest when ripe.” Peter & Trudy Johnson-Lenz, Awakening Technologies

“ Farmers don’t grow crops. They create the conditions for crops to grow.” Gareth Morgan

“ Farmers don’t grow crops. They create the conditions for crops to grow.”

Gareth Morgan

Simplicity on the Other Side of Complexity IV. Scientific Origins & Emerging Insights

Scientific Origins

Surprising Convergence of Disciplines Biology Ecology Meteorology Mathematics Chemistry Psychology S ociology Economics Physics Computer Science

Before Complexity Scientists believed the future was knowable given enough data points Dissecting discrete parts would reveal how everything -- the whole system -- works Phenomena can be reduced to simple cause & effect relationships The role of scientists, technology, & leaders was to predict and control the future Increasing levels of control over nature would improve our quality of life

Scientists believed the future was knowable given enough data points

Dissecting discrete parts would reveal how everything -- the whole system -- works

Phenomena can be reduced to simple cause & effect relationships

The role of scientists, technology, & leaders was to predict and control the future

Increasing levels of control over nature would improve our quality of life

Newton & the Machine Metaphor In science the search for the basic building blocks In management The whole is no more or no less than the sum of parts, so focus on the parts (e.g. functions, disciplines) Organizations and people are implicitly viewed as machines (or machine parts)

In science

the search for the basic building blocks

In management

The whole is no more or no less than the sum of parts, so focus on the parts (e.g. functions, disciplines)

Organizations and people are implicitly viewed as machines (or machine parts)

Tom Petzinger Wall Street Journal “ Even as it was toppled from unassailability in science, Newtonian mechanics remained firmly lodged as the mental model of management, from the first stirrings of the industrial revolution right through the advent of modern-day M.B.A. studies.” As biologists and other pioneers began to realize, it could not explain the self renewing processes of life.

“ Even as it was toppled from unassailability in science, Newtonian mechanics remained firmly lodged as the mental model of management, from the first stirrings of the industrial revolution right through the advent of modern-day M.B.A. studies.”

As biologists and other pioneers began to realize, it could not explain the self renewing processes of life.

Roots Of Complexity Santa Fe Institute Physics-chaos theory Math-fractal geometry Meteorology-butterfly effect Biology-complex adaptive systems

Santa Fe Institute

Physics-chaos theory

Math-fractal geometry

Meteorology-butterfly effect

Biology-complex adaptive systems

From Physics Envy To Biology Envy

From Physics Envy To Biology Envy

Surprising Convergence: We Stand on the Shoulders of Giants Complex Adaptive Systems ((( Murray Gell-Mann ))) The Quark & the Jaguar ((( Stuart Kaufmann ))) At Home in the Universe ((( John Holland ))) Emergence ((( Brian Arthur ))) Increasing Returns Ecology James Lovelock, Gaia Hypothesis Meteorology Edward Lorenz, The Butterfly Effect Sociology Robert Axelrod, Complexity of Cooperation Chemistry Ilya Prigogine, Order Out of Chaos Physiology Ary Goldberger, Cardiac Research Socio-Biology E.O. Wilson Consilience Computer Science Christopher Langton Genetics R.C. Lewontin, Biology as Ideology Philosophy Ken Wilbur, Integral Science & Religion Physics-Ecology Fritjof Capra, Web of Life Mathematics Mandlebrot, Fractals Physics David Bohm, Wholeness & the Implicate Order

More Giants Complexity applied to organizations Complex Adaptive Systems People Practices Jeffery Pfeffer Org Development David Cooperrider Leadership Gareth Morgan Market Strategy Kevin Kelly Strategy/Leadership Ralph Stacey Innovation Everett Rogers Management Brenda Zimmerman Planning Henry Mintzberg Strategy S. Brown & K. Eisenhardt Leadership Meg Wheatley Learning Etienne Wegner Management Jeffery Goldstein Organzing Structure Dee Hock Sustainability Paul Hawken/James Moore Knowledge Ikujiro Nonaka Org Dynamics Roger Lewin/Birute Regine

Complexity applied to organizations

Complexity In Practice Dee Hock -- managed the banking “commons” & balanced competition/cooperation while leading VISA ( Birth of the Chaordic Age ) Arie de Geus -- brought a natural system lens to Royal Dutch Shell & scenario planning ( The Living Company ) Orpheus Chamber Symphony -- a leaderless group Tom Petzinger -- WSJ stories & The New Pioneers Roger Lewin & Birute Regine -- The Soul at Work Irv Dardik’s Heart Waves -- applied to health and chronic disease (clinical trials are underway)

Dee Hock -- managed the banking “commons” & balanced competition/cooperation while leading VISA ( Birth of the Chaordic Age )

Arie de Geus -- brought a natural system lens to Royal Dutch Shell & scenario planning ( The Living Company )

Orpheus Chamber Symphony -- a leaderless group

Tom Petzinger -- WSJ stories & The New Pioneers

Roger Lewin & Birute Regine -- The Soul at Work

Irv Dardik’s Heart Waves -- applied to health and chronic disease (clinical trials are underway)

Emerging Insights

Key Attributes Elements of the system change themselves (they adapt) Complex behaviors can emerge from a few simple rules that are applied locally Emergence of novelty & creativity is a natural state Order emerges without central control Non-linearity: small changes can have BIG effects Systems are embedded in systems & their interdependency matters Not predictable in detail: forecasting is an inexact, yet boundable, art Co-evolution of life proceeds through constant tension & balance

Elements of the system change themselves (they adapt)

Complex behaviors can emerge from a few simple rules that are applied locally

Emergence of novelty & creativity is a natural state

Order emerges without central control

Non-linearity: small changes can have BIG effects

Systems are embedded in systems & their interdependency matters

Not predictable in detail: forecasting is an inexact, yet boundable, art

Co-evolution of life proceeds through constant tension & balance

Key Attributes Adaptable Elements Embedded Systems Co-Evolution Non-Linearity Simple Rules Not Predictable in Detail Order w/o Central Control Natural Emergence & Creativity

Simple Rules in Practice Living systems follow “simple rules” Craig Reynolds’ “Boids” simulation uses minimum rules of interaction Gareth Morgan’s “min specs” Simple rules include “Must do’s” or “Never do’s”

Living systems follow “simple rules”

Craig Reynolds’ “Boids” simulation uses minimum rules of interaction

Gareth Morgan’s “min specs”

Simple rules include “Must do’s” or “Never do’s”

Example: Reynolds’ Steering Rules Maintain a minimum distance from other boids and objects Match speed of neighboring boids Move toward the center of mass of flock-mates in your area Complex “flocking” emerges!

Maintain a minimum distance from other boids and objects

Match speed of neighboring boids

Move toward the center of mass of flock-mates in your area

Complex “flocking” emerges!

Living Systems Are Non-Linear Not predictable in long-term Future not just unknown but unknowable Small events may trigger huge effects Huge efforts may have negligible effects

Not predictable in long-term

Future not just unknown but unknowable

Small events may trigger huge effects

Huge efforts may have negligible effects

Rosa Parks’ refusal to yield her seat Weather, hurricanes A statement or word used by Alan Greenspan Examples Of Non-Linearity

Rosa Parks’ refusal to yield her seat

Weather, hurricanes

A statement or word used by Alan Greenspan

The 15% Principle Learning how to “flow” with & “tune to” change in complex systems W. Edwards Deming suggested that everyone -- from the CEO to the front line worker -- has influence over 15% of their system. The other 85% is beyond their discretionary control. Recognize that you have 15% discretionary influence… it may sound small but you can use it to make a difference that makes a difference.

Learning how to “flow” with & “tune to” change in complex systems

W. Edwards Deming suggested that everyone -- from the CEO to the front line worker -- has influence over 15% of their system. The other 85% is beyond their discretionary control.

Recognize that you have 15% discretionary influence… it may sound small but you can use it to make a difference that makes a difference.

Simple Rules & Attractors “Auto-Pilot” Rules.... New Pattern Emerging Search for simple rules, subtle patterns or rhythms that attract natural energy in your system.

How Does an Attractor Pattern Shift or Flip? A system chooses to be disturbed the disturbance gets amplified it creates instability the system falls apart it flips or shifts to a new attractor (e.g. new simple rules) by searching for & organizing around new meaning Source: Margaret Wheatley

A system chooses to be disturbed

the disturbance gets amplified

it creates instability

the system falls apart

it flips or shifts to a new attractor (e.g. new simple rules)

by searching for & organizing around new meaning

Source: Margaret Wheatley

“ How To” Disturb & Amplify Allow new information into the system Work with organizational boundaries Connect systems to environment Question differences Challenge assumptions Take advantage of chance and serendipity Adapted from: Jeffrey Goldstein, The Unshackled Organization

Allow new information into the system

Work with organizational boundaries

Connect systems to environment

Question differences

Challenge assumptions

Take advantage of chance and serendipity

Adapted from: Jeffrey Goldstein, The Unshackled Organization

Chunking Building on what works from the ground up The only way to make a successful complex system is to begin with a simple system that works. Complex systems are not instantly installed... they are assembled incrementally from pieces that can operate independently. The interdependent parts share control and act locally in parallel. A central command slows things down in a distributed network. Source : Kevin Kelly

The only way to make a successful complex system is to begin with a simple system that works. Complex systems are not instantly installed... they are assembled incrementally from pieces that can operate independently.

The interdependent parts share control and act locally in parallel. A central command slows things down in a distributed network. Source : Kevin Kelly

Lessons From Physiology Healthy Heart OR Dying Heart

Healthy Heart OR Dying Heart

Heart Rate Dynamics ? ?

Heart Rate Dynamics

Dynamic Adaptability

Application: Heart Wave Cycles Cyclic Exercise & Health A series of activation-relaxation cycles Pulse rate rises & falls to generate a sequence of heart rate waves The timing, intensity and “rhythm” of one cycle is related to the previous cycle Conventional Exercise & Health Continuous, prolonged Elevated, extended pulse rate Interval training Increasing, sequenced pulse rate

Cyclic Exercise & Health

A series of activation-relaxation cycles

Pulse rate rises & falls to generate a sequence of heart rate waves

The timing, intensity and “rhythm” of one cycle is related to the previous cycle

Conventional Exercise & Health

Continuous, prolonged

Elevated, extended pulse rate

Interval training

Increasing, sequenced pulse rate

A New Definition of Health That state of wholeness in which the individual is poised for maximal adaptability. It is a state characterized by a dynamic tension resulting from the interplay of interactive forces at many different scales.

That state of wholeness in which the

individual is poised for maximal adaptability.

It is a state characterized by a dynamic

tension resulting from the interplay of interactive forces at many different scales.

Nine Interdependent Principles Complexity Lens Seek Paradox Shadow System Good Enough Vision Multiple Actions Chunking Tune To The Edge Clockware/ Swarmware Competition/ Cooperation

Nine Emerging & Connected Principles View your system through the lens of complexity Build a “good enough” vision, use a “min specs” approach When life is far from certain, lead with clockware and swarmware in tandem

View your system through the lens of complexity

Build a “good enough” vision, use a “min specs” approach

When life is far from certain, lead with clockware and swarmware in tandem

More Principles... Uncover and work with paradox & tension Tune your place to the edge Go for multiple actions at the fringes, let direction arise

Uncover and work with paradox & tension

Tune your place to the edge

Go for multiple actions at the fringes, let direction arise

More Principles... Listen to the “shadow system” Grow complex systems by chunking Mix competition and cooperation

Listen to the “shadow system”

Grow complex systems by chunking

Mix competition and cooperation

Reflection – Interdependent Principles Complexity Lens Seek Paradox Shadow System Good Enough Vision Multiple Actions Chunking Tune To The Edge Clockware/ Swarmware Competition/ Cooperation

Kevin Kelly’s 10 Rules for the New Economy Opportunities Before Efficiencies Let Go at the Top Increasing Returns Relationship Tech Follow the Free Embrace the Swarm From Places to Spaces No Harmony, All Flux Plenitude, not Scarcity Feed the Web First

Simplicity on the Other Side of Complexity V. Stories that Illustrate Complexity Principles in Practice

Stories We Will Explore Improving Admissions by Tuning to Patients Growing a Sustainable, “Green” Carpet Business [Add your favorite stories from Edgeware , Edgeplace , The New Pioneers , The Soul at Work,… ]

Improving Admissions by Tuning to Patients

Growing a Sustainable, “Green” Carpet Business

[Add your favorite stories from Edgeware , Edgeplace , The New Pioneers , The Soul at Work,… ]

Traditional Storytelling Heroic Individual Actions Luke Skywalker (The Force) Guru-Guide Obi Wan Kenobi & Yoda Trickster Darth Vader Blocking Force Imperial Forces (The Dark Side)

Storytelling Through a Complexity Lens Heroic Individual Actions New Attractor Pattern Guru-Guide Adaptive Principles-At-Play Trickster Waves of Emergence & Serendipity Blocking Force “ Autopilot” Attractor ( Self-Fulfilling Prophecy)

New Attractor Pattern > Notice how new patterns emerge in far-from-equilibrium conditions Adaptive Principles > Discern complexity practices-in-action Waves of Emergence > Expect novelty & surprise that dampens or amplifies change “ Autopilot” Attractor ( Self-Fulfilling Prophecy) > Uncover subtle/simple rules embedded in current patterns of behavior  Keith McCandless, 1999

Improving Flow by Tuning to Patients Who is involved : nurses, physicians, administrators, ancillary departments Focus : Improving patient flow through in a hospital based outpatient unit in Utah (LDS) Results : 50% increase in volume without plant expansion, reduced expense, dramatically improved patient satisfaction Source: The New Pioneers , by Tom Petzinger, Jr. (pages 87-90)

Who is involved : nurses, physicians, administrators, ancillary departments

Focus : Improving patient flow through in a hospital based outpatient unit in Utah (LDS)

Results : 50% increase in volume without plant expansion, reduced expense, dramatically improved patient satisfaction

Source: The New Pioneers , by Tom Petzinger, Jr. (pages 87-90)

New Attractor Pattern Notice how new patterns emerge in far-from-equilibrium conditions > “Do what is right for the patient!” > Frustration & commitment to change Adaptive Principles Discern complexity practices-in-action > Seek paradox > Tune to the edge > Good-enough vision > Simple rules Waves of Emergence Expect novelty & surprise that dampens or amplifies change > Patients can walk to surgery! > All stakeholders benefit when patient is the focus > Common-sense AND radical at the same time “ Autopilot” Attractor Uncover subtle/simple rules embedded in current patterns of behavior > Do what the surgeons want… and, don’t question it! > Acceptance of “The operation is a success, the patient is pissed!”

Growing a Sustainable, “Green” Carpet Business Who is involved : Executive (Ray Anderson) and managers at the Interface flooring company; suppliers & customers Focus : Extreme (and green) reduction in resource use through developing sustainable production and business practices Results : Immediate waste reductions won favor among investors; tens of millions of dollars went to the bottom line; market differentiation Source: The New Pioneers , by Tom Petzinger, Jr. (pages 246-253)

Who is involved : Executive (Ray Anderson) and managers at the Interface flooring company; suppliers & customers

Focus : Extreme (and green) reduction in resource use through developing sustainable production and business practices

Results : Immediate waste reductions won favor among investors; tens of millions of dollars went to the bottom line; market differentiation

Source: The New Pioneers , by Tom Petzinger, Jr. (pages 246-253)

New Attractor Pattern Notice how new patterns emerge in far-from-equilibrium conditions > Early 1990’s recession; Ray’s soul searching; Ecology of Commerce > Pesky customers asking about recycled materials; grow by cleaning up! Adaptive Principles Discern complexity practices-in-action > Systems-in-systems interdependency > Good-enough vision > Simple rules Waves of Emergence Expect novelty & surprise that dampens or amplifies change > Some suppliers got on board > “Evergreen leasing” > “All beauty starts with nature” & customers noticed “ Autopilot” Attractor Uncover subtle/simple rules embedded in current patterns of behavior > Sell “flexibility”; buy supplies cheap; and, grow by acquisition > Manage internal production -- ignore how your suppliers produce their goods and how your customers dispose of your product

New Attractor Pattern > Notice how new patterns emerge in far-from-equilibrium conditions Adaptive Principles > Discern complexity practices-in-action Waves of Emergence > Expect novelty & surprise that dampens or amplifies change “ Autopilot” Attractor ( Self-Fulfilling Prophecy) > Uncover subtle/simple rules embedded in current patterns of behavior  Keith McCandless, 1999

Material and Ideas Contributed by: Kevin Dooley, PhD; Glenda Eoyang; Ralph Stacey, PhD; Ary Goldberger, MD; Brenda Zimmerman, PhD; Jeffrey Goldstein, PhD; Gareth Morgan, PhD; Curt Lindberg; Paul Plsek; and, a vibrant community of complexity pioneers Composed and developed for VHA Inc. by Keith McCandless in Seattle (keithmccandless@earthlink.net)

Kevin Dooley, PhD; Glenda Eoyang; Ralph Stacey, PhD; Ary Goldberger, MD; Brenda Zimmerman, PhD; Jeffrey Goldstein, PhD; Gareth Morgan, PhD; Curt Lindberg; Paul Plsek; and, a vibrant community of complexity pioneers

Composed and developed for VHA Inc. by Keith McCandless in Seattle (keithmccandless@earthlink.net)

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