Compilations of technical articles

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Science

Published on April 6, 2014

Author: attrition

Source: slideshare.net

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A compilation of writings from my book.

Compilation of relevant technical writings Sophistry and skeptics Some skeptics I speculate are sophists with hidden agendas to influence the public through claptrap and rhetoric to reject and laugh at the idea of the paranormal. They provoke cognitive dissonance and defense mechanisms to create a bias towards complexity (challenges the way they perceive the world) to perceive simple, conventional explanations as better and to reject the notion of the paranormal--something with implications of greater complexity than man's current realm of conventional mainstream understanding; however, logicians say a simple explanation isn't necessarily anymore likely to be true than a complex one in the complex world we live in. There is no telling how complicated a given situation can be in life, such as with forensic teams and the possibility of planted evidence. Ockham's razor does have useful application, but when applying it to situations involving potential sentient elements instead of nonsentient elements it falls short in explaining things, where things can be hazy and far less predictable, and often not simple. In the jungle that is life it provides convenient explanations, not true ones. Don't confuse simplicity with the truth. "Make the lie big, make it simple, keep saying it, and eventually they will believe it" (Adolf Hitler). What skeptics and mainstream (strong) atheists like to do is say everyone who has had a mystical/paranormal/transcendental/psychic experience is merely hallucinating and is delusional, such as Joan of Arc. They might say for instance that they cannot diagnose someone from the past, but if you delve deeper into their minds you will find that is exactly how they explain such experiences by people throughout history in their world view, that it is all hallucinatory, and I believe when analyzing the complexity of these experiences,

conventional explanations like it is mental illness falls short in explanation. They like to hide behind the veil of agnosticism, but essentially they are strong atheists who only have one theory on the world; a world view that does not take into account the possibility of anything more beyond mainstream science, and what is told to them on the 6 o'clock news by scientific figures and authorities. They don't explore the possibility of what it might mean if something other worldly were behind these alleged metaphysical and paranormal experiences, and matter of factly reject the notion out right without any exploration or investigation into the idea, which is unscientific. They act like the only way to gain knowledge is through peer review laboratory settings, but in the real world one can attain a posteriori knowledge without verifying it with peer review, scholarly journals. That is their fundamental error in epistemology, having a logical paradigm that is based on assumptive conditions like that everything known by humans individually speaking is publicly known as a fact by the world, based on the unrealistic, perfect world condition that everything known is publicly known by the mainstream establishment, assuming to know what everyone else knows. This should be especially weighed and considered, when taking into account that mainstream scientists based on cognitive bias simply will not hypothesize on metaphysical or paranormal phenomenon in the first place, hence as the notion is out right rejected, there is very little testing or experimentation in the field. Those who do are often ostracized by the scientific community and their integrity tarnished. If something does not add up, it is not categorized as paranormal and something requiring greater study, but rather simply labeled a "mystery" or anomaly and pushed under the rug. Therefore this type of epistemology has limitations when it comes to the quest for the truth and knowledge, and is not the only way of acquiring it, as knowledge from experience--a

posteriori knowledge--is the corner stone of all true knowledge and enlightenment, and if your experiences do not cohere with the theories of the academic world, then perhaps those pencil heads are missing something, not you. Or in fact, they are (at least some of them) sophists, of unknown, hidden agendas, intent on suppressing the truth, on clouding real discussion, and harnessing the biases and emotions of the crowd to laugh at and even taunt those of us they wish to render defunct who dare to challenge popular opinion. Furthermore, not everything known from experience can be broadcast to everyone else to experience and know as well, such as eye witness testimony of a crime, which is admissible in a court of law. Instead they insult the intelligence of the public and treat them like children, saying they can't accurately judge their own experiences if it is controversial, and need to be told what is the truth by universities and big brother, and in some cases even psychiatrists. I'm not saying people shouldn't question their experiences; they should definitely question the validity of their world view based around their experiences, which goes for everyone, including die hard skeptics. I believe as a philosopher the admission of ignorance and ability to distinguish when you know and don't know is fundamental to the attainment of wisdom. As Pythagoras said, "not wise but trying to be wise." Paranormal semantically does not mean it is outside scientific laws and what science could hope to address, or in contradiction with science (though all scientific knowledge is provisional and always open to re-evaluation), but rather something that is outside the scope of normal human experience and beyond mainstream, conventional scientific understanding, leaving room for the possibility with further study it could one day be understood scientifically. When broken down, in Latin, para means above, outside, or beyond and normal means that which is according to the norm, not unusual. Just because we've never directly detected the source behind a paranormal event under a

microscope does not mean it cannot be ascertained through deduction something is there. In science many things can be indirectly determined, such as the shadows of wobbling celestial elements moving around stars from thousands of light years away, showing there are planets orbiting them, or the evidence for black holes, which is inconspicuous and indirect. The same can be said in regards to the paranormal. Not getting into EMF detection, which can be attributed to other things, the Vatican has a lot of documentation actually in the field, such as the person under attack speaking in languages they do not know, or being told telepathically information they had no way of knowing. Part of the problem is people will discount it more as a possibility if there is a malevolent undertone to it. That said, there is scientific proof for ESP, a subset of the paranormal, with experiments conducted by renowned physicist Russel Targ at the Stanford Research Institute, which was a 20 million dollar program that was supported by various branches of the United States government. To summarize Mr. Targ's own words, scientifically speaking "proofs" are not like mathematical proofs which are a priori and absolute, but are defined as strong evidence that would be unreasonable to deny based on probability or logic the supported argument. Before going to look at the skeptics take on these experiments (confirmation bias), read it directly from the source here. There is a boat load of evidence gone slighted and ignored, not because there isn't evidence, or the information is invalid, but because people's beliefs and preconceived notions about reality highly modulate their perceptions and opinions, and how they process information. Plus if you begin from the starting point that it is impossible, then you won't even seek out or look at the evidence that is there. It is information overload and cognitive dissonance. Remember, not all knowledge is directly provable, such as the distinction between a priori knowledge (self evident truth independent from experience such as through

semantics or mathematics) and a posteriori knowledge (knowledge from experience). This is a fundamental distinction in the formalization of an epistemology. It only takes one verified paranormal event scientifically to knock down the deck--through deduction you can make an indirect determination--then through induction you can say, if this is true in this case in point, then in cases of virtually identical phenomenon this is likely also to be true. Such a paradigm shift influencing fields of psychiatry and neuroscience could drastically change and challenge mainstream society's perceptions of the world. This is why I think it is possible on some level of our establishment, there may be those who want to suppress (and inhibit exploration into) such information from getting out, as it could create hysteria and be a threat to national security, giving the federal government the right to suppress knowledge of it--similar to the occult in which the knowledge is meant to be secret and only for the elect, hence my warning of the sophist. This is an optical illusion showing how information can be looked at in a completely different way in a paradigm shift. A paradigm is the method of which a field in science gathers evidence to prove its theory, and a paradigm shift would be where the same phenomenon supported by a certain theory is looked at in a totally different way, based on an entirely other theory, from expanded understanding of the issue, and provides better explanation of anomalies in the given field. I return back to this subject in section#14.

I hold to the Buddhist view that reality as a whole is unquantifiable by the human intellect and therefore its reflection must be distorted to make its key properties more prominent in the formalization of an ideology. This is a well substantiated view, as imagine having to know every grain of sand at the shores of every continent. The world is just too much to comprehend as a whole, nonetheless all at once. The complexity of the world we live in is more to me than that of mathematics and ones and zeros like binary code--it cannot be conceived by a mere mathematical formula that can be shown on the pages of The New York Times and be directly provable and self evident to all, at least at this time. Understand this in your quest for comprehension of something bigger than yourself. But bit by bit you can retain pieces of information from it--choose its pieces-- your rooks and bishops wisely. For your views are a reflection of yourself, what you live for, and for some, what they die for. They can make and break a person, and send them to the heights of lucidity, to the depths of insanity. Some choose to focus inwardly, whereas others outwardly. Some embrace their egos--others by worldly passions, to take part in the theater of life, the theatrics and drama of it and be lost in its aesthetics. Others examine it, its fundamentals, its general assumptions, its mistakes and its constructions. Existentially I'd like to say it is up to you to decide--but this is not always the truth. Some people's destines are brought about by circumstance, others by will. Some wander aimlessly, whereas others seemingly have vision and conquest. We are not all alike, but are we not all a piece of the puzzle to what is human? To find the key to understanding ourselves in a singular sense, must we not also consider the greater sphere and range of human experience and its creations and manifestations in the plural? Just the same as we can be a reflection of the world around us--can the world not also be a reflection of who we are ourselves, and if so, do you like what you see, both inside and out?

About me I hold to the view that the brain works as an electrochemical computer and the mind is contingent on the brain to operate, which is a view backed up by modern neuroscience, hence theoretically the nonhuman element must be tapping into the brain first to manipulate consciousness, potentially on the low electromagnetic spectrum (ELF), enough to pass through a faraday cage and follow anyone anywhere, which is one theory some parapsychologists have in reference to the paranormal. It is proven information can be sent through electromagnetic frequencies like with your cellphone. The same has been achieved in sending information directly to the brain, bypassing the five senses. Whether it is technology or not, I am a proponent of this theory on method of delivery, though there are others. Either way, synthetic telepathy that can do this can be used as an analogy to make the concept more scientifically conceivable. For instance, what bats can do with echolocation, man can do based on a similar principle with radar technology. Technology or not, I believe paranormal phenomena are not merely the imaginings of broken minds, and can be dissected, explained and understood. The paranormal is at the heart of religion and the formation of spirituality, and I believe from such experiences knowledge at least of the paranormal itself can be attained; however, as these experiences tend to be more internal it cannot be shown to the outside world for what it is: shit that exists whether you like it or not. There are assumptions in the paradigms of mainstream science in which they stretch normal explanations beyond the realm of validity, trying to explain away the holes in things they cannot sufficiently explain or recreate in a laboratory based on their own devices and world view; assumptions in which they discount possibilities like the notion there are external

sources apart from our world having an effect on man and his world; and assumptions that everything can be viewed under a controlled setting like you were looking at bacteria under a microscope, or dealing with lab rats. It is my hope this book will trim the veneer, leading to an expansion of human thought and perception of reality. At the heart of discovery is not a laboratory setting but exploration and investigation, which follows different laws than the clean cut exterior of every day life where you watch the 6 o'clock news and consider yourself in the know. It is the drive, the desire to know with impartial mind, not accepting what was first thought as a child, but the world that has been expanded by new experiences that is the heart of maturity and higher truths. Links on neurotechnology Warning: this article involves brain-to-brain interfacing Remote control by brain is a good internet trick, not a scientific breakthrough. But neuroscience's real frontiers truly are exciting LINK: http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/aug/28/brain-to-brain-interfacing-remote- control/print Scientist controls colleague's hand in first human brain-to-brain interface University of Washington researcher Rajesh Rao sends a brain signal to Andrea Stocco via

the Internet, causing Stocco's right hand to move on a keyboard. LINK: http://www.cnet.com/news/scientist-controls-colleagues-hand-in-first-human-brain-to-brain- interface/ Telepathy is real! Scientists develop mind-reading implant that links the brains of rats in the US and Brazil LINK: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2286107/The-incredible-mind-reading-implant- gives-rats-telepathic-powers.html Army developing ‘synthetic telepathy’ LINK: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/27162401/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/army- developing-synthetic-telepathy/#.UO2ZQW_7I1s Computer records animal's vision in Laboratory - UC Berkeley

LINK: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=piyY-UtyDZw The Mind Has No Firewall Lieutenant Colonel TIMOTHY L. THOMAS LINK: http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/articles/98spring/thomas.htm [1 of 2] Electromagnetic Frequency Weapons - CNN, 1985 Part 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nMNa4RcmKqA Part 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJYvYiFdEug The bigger picture

I hold to the view that in the bigger picture reality is cohesive and that on some level things share relationships and universals between them and comprise a larger whole, which ties into the contingency argument for one Ultimate Reality that I go over in section #12. This is in accordance with scientific thought. For instance, the idea that reality is cohesive as a whole has correlation with the law of non-contradiction. Take for instance the paradoxical scenario of what would happen if an immovable object were hit by an unstoppable force. The consensus is the two objects could not exist in the same universe, as an object truly immovable cannot exist if there is an unstoppable force and vice versa. The idea that there are universals between things also makes sense with modern scientific advancements, such as with the discovery of the God particle of which both matter and energy is made up of. In Einstein's theory of relativity he states energy itself is made up of particles. This has some correlation with metaphysical monism; however, I do not believe in the idea that everything is just one substance or principle. Although I argue there are universals between things in nature and reality, I don't claim it is just one substance or principle, as there could be multiple principles and/or substances making up the Ultimate Reality. By the fact these entities can communicate with us shows we share universals between us or else we could not interact, as I would argue communication necessitates a common denominator. In order for there to be communication there must be some "common ground" between both parties to relate with one another. Even if there were something that shared no universals with us, it would be immaterial because there would be no way for us to understand one another enough to effectively interact, and so such a scenario would not apply to this situation. Just as a bird flies naturally based on its own appendage within the confines of science and the natural laws of the universe, man can do with his ingenuity technologically speaking

with aircraft. In this sense, neuro-technologies like synthetic telepathy can be used as an analogy to make the idea of telepathy scientifically conceivable, which is how spirits are said to communicate. Based on modern scientific understanding of the brain, in order for spirits to connect to the human mind they would have to tap into the brain, which in turn could be measured scientifically. If these beings were spirits, it would not necessarily mean they cant be scientifically understood. In science it is known that we have a limited field of perception and that there are things outside the range of our five senses. Energy can't always be seen with the five senses just like the spiritual, which is how it contrasts with the physical; however neither can electromagnetic energy, which when decoded can carry information, just like our own electrochemical impulses inside our brains, but electromagnetic energy does not defy the laws of nature--it is a part of it, as even our brains emit electromagnetic waves. Finally, remember that in Genesis it is written that "God created the heaven and the earth" together when creating and formalizing reality as we know it. So perhaps our two worlds are a part of a unified creation scheme. This means they may be subject to some of our scientific laws. The bigger debate is whether these entities are in coherence with natural laws. Are they bending the natural laws of the universe, or are they actually in accordance with them and with advanced scientific understanding their relationship to our world can be understood? Based on new developments in neuroscience, at least when it comes to telepathy, the manipulation of consciousness, and even the manipulation of body parts, it is not in contradiction with what is known about the brain and what is theoretically possible. For humans, it would require neurotechnology and brain-to-brain interfacing via a computer like University of Washington researcher Rajesh Rao accomplishedwhere he was able to manipulate a person's hand through the internet to type on a keyboard. For something other

than human, possibly by its own natural mechanisms these effects could be accomplished. The undertones of my philosophy Syncretism I believe many religions were inspired by contact with an "alien source." Furthermore, there can be universals found between mainstream religions like I go over in section#9with a comparison between Christianity and Hinduism. In this sense, syncretism is congruent to the premise religions derived from contact with something paranormal or not human. If an idea makes sense and is useful, I use it and modify it if needed to fit my scheme of things. I try to avoid logical fallacies like ad hominems by not attacking the messenger and just analyzing the idea for its worth. I take the approach of syncretism philosophically and draw wisdom and insight from different past and present cultures and ways of thinking. Instead of a nationalistic world view, I try to formalize a vision of the bigger picture by looking at world civilization as a whole and all of mankind. Contingency argument for an Ultimate Reality The contingency argument is that just as we derive from our parents and could not exist without their existence preceding us, so does our world in present times have contingency on something else that came before it, perhaps in another form like how proponents of M-theory say nature and the universe are going through cycles that have taken different shapes and forms throughout time even preceding the Big Bang. The Ultimate Reality would be the necessary being and unconditional reality of which everything is contingent on in order to

exist. Some say the Ultimate Reality is matter and energy and scientific principles like physics. On the other hand, theists would say it is God, some of whom would term The Absolute, which would be an eternal, noncontingent being that is self aware and transcends our limited, relative, conventional range of experiences. Psychology and theoretics UFO sightings can be used as an interesting analogy in how people can give different explanations for unexplained phenomena. For instance, in one UFO sighting I heard of there were multiple witnesses, some of whom were police, of a UFO the size of a football field hovering over the ground and emitting no sound, and then flying off in various directions at accelerated speed. Semantically speaking the acronym UFO just means unidentified flying object. That said, some would explain this as being an experimental aircraft; others would say it was an alien aircraft because its description and maneuvers were so far beyond any known current aircraft on the books; and others would explain it as a mass hallucination. All of these explanations are valid and logically possible, and I argue it is based more on people's psychology and not necessarily their intelligence alone that will determine which stance they will take. Sometimes there isn't any clear answer, but multiple conceivable ones to choose from. Still, people will argue saying their explanation is the only valid one and laugh at the person who deviates from their view on the matter, and laughter can be a defense mechanism when something challenges the way a person views the world. Sometimes in life there is no clear answer, and when things are left open to interpretation we get to see how different we as a species can interpret information, and yet we all have different skills and traits adapted for different areas of processing to put on the table, which some would call neurodiversity. In one situation a person might turn out to be right about a matter, and in other

cases he or she might turn out to be wrong. It is not that the concept of aliens or god(s) turns people into wackos, it is the ambiguity of the unknown. When there is ambiguity there can be radically different perceptions between people of what a specific phenomenon is, but just because a perception is divergent from convention does not mean it is invalid, nor does it mean there is anything inherently "wrong" with the person if he or she does not turn out to be right, for we've all made errors of judgment. This goes down to the definition of a delusion in a medical sense, which is partly just to go against the general consensus of what society deems to be valid and invalid; however, this can change over time and is also relative to the civilization. According to Carl Sagan, true science is to question the conventional wisdom of society. Thus this could be partly why it is said there is a thin line between genius and insanity. Furthermore, it is our experiences that help mold our views on life. If you saw a UFO doing what I described, it might alter the way you look at the world, especially if you were of a younger age and not set into your ways of thinking. Also, the more detached you are from a situation, the less of an impact it will have on you, such as if you just heard the testimony of an unexplained phenomenon like a UFO, rather than witnessing it for yourself. The experience itself is the fundamental part of the equation that cannot be easily quantified by pen and paper or word of mouth. Moreover, conservatism is just a majority rules vote that can often be proven wrong. Resorting to this as an actual point of argument is a logical fallacy called argumentum ad populum and does not prove a person's position. To quote Arthur Schopenhauer, "All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident." In this sense it is the ones with atypical psychologies for processing information, unaffected by societal biases and prejudices, and/or people with a

different range of experience who bring new discoveries to the forefront. Schizophrenia and the esoteric I'm not convinced the experiences of schizophrenics are psychogenic in nature. "We actually have a profound ignorance on the specific molecular mechanisms of schizophrenia,” says Dr. Pablo Gejman, director of the Center for Psychiatric Genetics at Northwestern University. They don't actually understand what is happening in the brain of a schizophrenic. 70% of schizophrenics continue to hear voices regularly while medicated. it is not something understood, and medications for schizophrenia were discovered by accident and luck to help rather than through the process of discovering the supposed disease's source in the brain and then refining a drug to repair it, and is of only a theoretical nature why for some there is improvement while on them. There isn't much about the brains of schizophrenics to go on. Some schizophrenics (not all) have slightly different structure in their brains, but that isn't an illness or even necessarily a condition in and of itself, and the causes and mechanisms of these minor differences some schizophrenics have is not understood. One thing to take into consideration is that people with neurological and cognitive deficits are of higher likelihood of schizophrenia, and nothing has been established to form standardized clinical tests for schizophrenia other than through anecdotal word to mouth diagnosis. I believe it is possible their brains are being manipulated and controlled. For instance, they find with EEGs abnormal activity in the brains of some schizophrenics, such as their frontal lobes having less neural activity. I theorize their frontal lobes are being inhibited from fully functioning to make it easier to control them and delude them through techniques such as thought insertion, potentially through tapping into their brains on the lower EMF spectrum, enough to pass through a faraday cage and follow them anywhere they go, which is the

theory of some parapsychologists in reference to paranormal events. Modern transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has proven parts of the brain can be shut down and activated via electromagnetic fields. Auditory parts of the brain being more activated while hearing voices could be explained by that part of the brain literally being targeted with transmitted auditory signals, which would theoretically make sense to target parts of the brain accustomed for processing sound for auditory transmissions if you were going to do it for real. One theory on the structural differences in the brains of some schizophrenics after the onset of it could be explained by the biological effects of their brains being accessed, influenced and controlled telepathically. There are differences that take place based on environmental factors. For instance, the auditory cortex of a person who is deaf is underdeveloped even in cases the hearing loss has nothing to do with the brain. Essentially brain anatomy changes as a result of which neural pathways are being used, and if a portion of the human body is not being used it atrophies, such as with muscle tissue. The same is true with the brain. This can be very clearly seen with feral children, who are permanently stifled in development from lack of stimuli. They also find with cab drivers there are changes in their brains that take place related to navigation. Furthermore, there is also the factor of the psychiatric medications themselves used to counter the biochemical effects believed to be in play in schizophrenia, and their potential negative effects on the brain. Note that though all scientific knowledge is provisional and always open to re-evaluation. I could be right about this. They don't truly understand the mechanisms or causes of the irregular firings of neurons in the brains of schizophrenics, and this is my alternative theory, which goes to explain it just as well. My theory is an unexplored and untested theory and could create a paradigm shift in science as we know it. This theory makes the human condition simpler and the world around

us much greater in complexity. It should also be noted that people labeled with schizophrenia in other cultures where it is viewed as supernatural reintegrate better into society and have higher recovery rates than in the western world. Potentially something biologically about them opens a natural door way; potentially something about them neurologically such as their neurological archetype is making them targets for this, at least in some cases. I believe the nonhuman element's motivations may to a degree be rooted in social darwinian ideology. Further study is in order. There are assumptions in the paradigms of mainstream science in which they stretch normal explanations beyond the realm of validity, trying to explain away the holes in things they cannot sufficiently explain or recreate in a laboratory based on their own devices and world view; assumptions in which they discount possibilities like the notion there are external sources apart from our world having an effect on man and his world; and assumptions that everything can be viewed under a controlled setting like you were looking at bacteria under a microscope, or dealing with lab rats. It is my hope this theory of mine will trim the veneer, leading to an expansion of human thought and perception of reality. “Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination embraces the entire world, and all there ever will be to know and understand" (Albert Einstein). An appeal to Christians It was common belief in the time of Jesus that people with whom society would consider severely mentally ill today, such as schizophrenics, were possessed/influenced by demons. He expelled demons from over 20 people. At that time there were no cars or airplanes for him to search them out. He just walked from town to town, which implies it was a common

occurrence. This view may be closer to out of the rabbit hole than the psychiatric view that there is no external source involved. Study the work of men like Dr. Thomas Szasz. Some make the argument populations were denser in biblical times, but there were also far fewer people on the planet, and it is also relative to what area of the globe you are talking about in modern times, rural or the city, where there can be even denser populations in modern times. It is interesting how if you hear a malevolent voice you are insane; however if it is benevolent you are spiritually gifted and perhaps even a saint. Funny how if you see something that is not there you are crazy, but if you don't see something that is there you are stupid or blind. To the crazy person others are stupid and blind. To the stupid and blind person others are crazy. Which would you rather be? Note Basically some psychiatrists say since a "spiritual" experience can be pinpointed to certain parts of the brain, the experience is stemming from the person's own psychology. My view is the brain works as an electrochemical computer from which consciousness is derived from, hence all experience is located and is processed in the brain, but that does not mean it is not being manipulated or accessed and transmitted to from an external source and the experience isn't a manipulation from something outside of what can be perceived by the five senses in the individual's perspective. The brain is like a memory bank and where real time information is ultimately processed in. The Rosenhan Experiment is a good example of how psychiatric diagnosis can falsely diagnose a person, as it is not as much of an empirical science as some think. In the experiment by psychologist David Rosenhan he sent 8 different healthy associates to gain

admission to 12 different psychiatry hospitals, falsely reporting they heard a voice that said "thud"--something mentioned no where in the DSM. For all "pseudopatients," even though they were told to behave and respond normally despite the voices, they were diagnosed with serious psychiatric disorders and admitted to mental institutes for an average of 19 days, even though they said after being admitted that they felt fine and the voices were gone. At the mental institutes the patients were documented by staff as behaving mentally ill, despite other patients suspecting they were researchers or journalists and sane. They were not allowed release until they admitted they were mentally ill and agreed to take antipsychotic medication, despite having no objective medical evidence of mental illness. The premise of psychology is that human behavior can be predicted. This is necessary for it to qualify as a science, as it must be testable. Yet in psychiatry, there is no adequate test for mental illness. Hundreds of different mental illnesses are put into the DSM by voting and raise of hand, not actual physical evidence. If it were taken seriously, mental illness would be an epedemic in the 21st century, and what would that say about our society? I am reminded of the Martha Mitchell effect, in which a psychiatrist or mental health clinician will falsely write off a person's perceptions of real events as delusional, merely for being improbable, such as reports of organized crime or surveillance. The term was based on Mrs. Mitchell, wife of Attorney General during the Nixon administration after she reported the White House was engaged in illegal activities and she was written off as mentally ill. As the sang goes, just because you're paranoid, does not mean no one is out to do you harm, or you don't have enemies, so keep an open mind about people with different perceptions than you--you don't know for sure what they've experienced, and that goes for seemingly kooks as well. "The struggle for definition is veritably the struggle for life itself. In the typical Western two

men fight desperately for the possession of a gun that has been thrown to the ground: whoever reaches the weapon first shoots and lives; his adversary is shot and dies. In ordinary life, the struggle is not for guns but for words; whoever first defines the situation is the victor; his adversary, the victim. For example, in the family, husband and wife, mother and child do not get along; who defines whom as troublesome or mentally sick?...[the one] who first seizes the word imposes reality on the other; [the one] who defines thus dominates and lives; and [the one] who is defined is subjugated and may be killed" (Dr. Thomas Szasz). Could there be a shred of truth behind those epitomized as insane by our society, such as schizophrenics--something underlining their experiences beyond something pathological? Based on their common denominators, I think it is very possible, and as this is "Experimental Possibilities in the Spiritual and Metaphysical Realm," I think it is note worthy to put here. Drug induced experiences In the case where the psychosis or "hallucinations" are induced by drugs, this could be because the drugs created an altered state of consciousness and brainwave pattern that opened a "door way" in their brain to the paranormal being, which has correlation with other cultures that will use drugs Western society calls "hallucinogens" to open door ways to the mystical and spiritual realm. This also has correlation with some Christian denominations who believe this is possible and that drugs can open you up to malevolent forces and temptation. Furthermore, the gnostics would also use drugs our Western society would call hallucinogens to induce mystical experiences and attain esoteric knowledge. In Asia shamans will use these drugs to form a connection with other realms, which could help explain why so many people in our society that is ignorant to this element are damaged by

these drugs or have "bad trips," because they have not gone through the special spiritual preparation that shamans and other spiritual people do before using them. The Lesser Key of Solomon In demonology, Dantalion is the 71st of the 72 spirits of Solomon and is considered to be a part of the Jinn. He is said to have the ability to read and control a person's mind and make him or her believe anything he desires, which could help explain what is behind delusions in a psychotic episode, as in the occult it is believed these beings have the capacity to create irrational thoughts and feelings in the human mind, and through the power of "invocation" it is believed they can be summoned by humans for assistance. Links: http://mostlywater.org/bitter_pill_how_pharmaceutical_industry_turned_flawed_dangerous_dr ug_16_billion_bonanza http://www.schizophrenia.com/newsletter/allnews/2001/ctmri.htm http://www.pbs.org/wnet/brain/episode3/cultures/index.html http://www.ajnr.org/content/28/2/243.full http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miracles_of_Jesus#Exorcism http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosenhan_experiment http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martha_Mitchell_effect http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2012/020272s065,020588s053,021444 s041lbl.pdf page 43 on FDA website: mechanism of antipsychotics in schizophrenics unknown

http://psychrights.org/research/Digest/Genetics/GenesNotCauseSchizo(AJP2008).pdf In PDF: American Journal of Psychiatry in 2008 published the largest study of its kind looking for the link between the so-called candidate genes for schizophrenia and the incidence of schizophrenia and had to publish their findings that there was no significant link. Food for thought I think some atheist philosophers try to over-quantify things and etch things into stone based on a limited understanding of God, reality, and humanity. People will say for instance that since God is omniscient there can not possibly be freewill. I think they are making this judgement based on an extremely limited understanding of what is known about God (if he does exist) according to religion. As it says in the Bible, the mystery of God and his Divine plan will not be revealed to all until the sound of the 7th angel in end times, or so the prophecy goes. There is also a limitation of understanding of what humanity and reality is. Essentially this I believe stems from a world view of realism. From my perspective, realism is thinking within the confines of what is known (or what we think we know), and I take the stance of Plato, that this is essentially saying the walls of your "cave" is all there is, and there is nothing outside the confines of your five senses, which is not scientific and philosophically minded. I believe in not putting all your eggs in one basket. I believe in exploring a multitude of possibilities, which requires creativity to explore all conceivable possibilities of what will one day be known and understood, like Einstein put when he said, “Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination embraces the entire world, and all there ever will be to know and understand."

This is the mindset of what is required to expand on human understanding and forming a new hypothesis or theory about life and reality, whereas realism is more the mindset of applied knowledge. As an analogy, when playing chess, do you only explore one possibility of a move your opponent might make, or do you explore multiple possibilities and take each one to its logical conclusion conceptually? A more thoughtful and well rounded view of the board is needed to make wise decisions in the game of life. I believe there are multiple ways of looking at the world, and the more a society projects or mandates only one world view philosophically, or has it as a prerequisite to achieve rank or influence in the society's hierarchy, the closer it gets to totalitarianism and fascism. There is also the dissection of knowledge and axioms. Is what we consider common sense today true? Are our premises accurate? We deduce things based on these foundations of understanding, and if these factors are inaccurate, so are likely our deductions from them. As my philosophy professor put it, "common sense is often common, but rarely makes sense." I believe the admission of ignorance and ability to distinguish when you know and don't know is fundamental to the attainment of wisdom. As Pythagoras said, “not wise but trying to be wise.” As an anology, if you are playing a puzzle and some of the pieces do not fit, do you try to force them to fit or ignore it as an anomaly, or do you take apart the present pieces and try to form coherency? This is the mindset of my ideology. It is deconstructionism and a renewal of previous ideas under the lens of modern science and philosophy. It is just a baseline that is easily comprehensible for making sense of reality and in potentially getting scientific results in understanding paranormal phenomena. I'm just exploring unconventional possibilities and their meanings and implications conceptually speaking. Take from it what you will.

My view of cohesion can be applied not just to reality as a whole, but the human brain itself. Through expanded understanding of what are the natural mechanisms in the human brain and how it works by means of brain mapping and neuroscience, I believe unnatural activity in the brain can be pinpointed and deduced as stemming externally from it as a manipulation. As I wrote before in section #9, even if these beings are not of physical dimension and are from outside the confines of our reality, their effects on the natural world can still be measured, in this case inside the human brain. This strategy has similar principles to figuring out if a computer is being hacked--you don't have to directly see the hacker to detect by looking at the computer's processes that it is being manipulated. Furthermore, through thoroughly checking the electromagnetic spectrum around someone experiencing telepathic interaction/manipulation, I believe it is possible to lock on to the signal and even decode it. So what I am proposing is a working and testable hypothesis; it would just take the best and the brightest--along with cutting edge science--but it would be cheaper and more frugal than a trip to Mars to find sentient life, and in my opinion more fruitful, unraveling the mysteries long thought dead of spirituality and the paranormal, and laying speculation to rest. At one point Einstein could not think of a way his theory of relativity could be tested and needed outside help to prove it. These kinds of road blocks still go on in the sciences today. For instance, in cosmology scientists are yet to come up with a way to test M-theory. However, Stephen Hawking considers it the best candidate for the theory of everything and believes there is a strong philosophical argument for the theory. At one time black holes were considered just a "theoretical curiosity," but were later on validated by science, which expanded our understanding of the cosmos. The people who are ultra conservative and don't want to touch these types of issues are

just afraid of criticism and being wrong. The people who never venture out of their "caves" or cross the lines of their box in fear of making a mistake or public scrutiny are not the ones who bring discovery and progress. It is the minds of people like Thomas Edison who tried a hundred times until getting it right. Moreover, sometimes when one does venture out of their cave, having thought they knew so much about its interior workings, they find out it was not a cave at all, but a prison, and the ones who persuaded them not to leave were the guards. For the will is the seed to action; if you control another's will, they are enslaved. This is the work of the sophist, to imprison the mind with an agenda not in accordance with the truth or true mystery of life. Some people may state I use semantical arguments to prove points. I think this is because they don't like my definitions, failing to realize their definition also comes from the dictionary, or comes from an esoteric understanding off the books that cannot even be published. Understanding the multiple meanings of words, defining your terms, and taking that premise to its rational conclusion is the art and craft of philosophy, and the true essence of logic itself. In additional, there are more ways of looking at the world and the supernatural than the medieval Catholic standpoint, or hive-mind atheist one, nonetheless one's national identity when it comes to other religions and cultures of society. Closing: the social impact To restate my view, I believe in a nonhuman element of an unknown origin and nature that is behind paranormal experiences throughout history and is implicated in the spiritual and metaphysical realm. What these entities are exactly is unknown to me, but it is likely that they do not come from our planet, and by the word entity I use in a broad sense that could mean a number of different things. I believe they go by many different aliases, depending on what

religious lens you view them under, and I believe they have inspired the development of some of our world's religions, likely having the strongest presence in the occult--the occult meaning to involve direct contact with beings of the paranormal, which is a category I put these beings under, as their telepathic contact with human beings qualities as beyond the realm of ordinary human experience, which until up to modern times was inconceivable scientifically. My ideology about a nonhuman element I believe is compatible with the world's religions, and even atheism, as you could view them as aliens, possibly of the same evolutionary processes that helped form us as hominids, and theoretically they could be using clandestine technologies like perfected psychotronic technologies to achieve their telepathy and influences on consciousness. In modern times humanity has lost belief in these types of forces, as the psychiatric establishment has been keen to categorize any type of paranormal or spiritual experience as hallucinatory or psychogenic--psychiatry playing mental gymnastics with jargon to write these types of experiences off as such, going by primitive visual images of the electrical activity and anatomical characteristics of the brain. To break it down further, the test for a "hallucination" since the conception of the idea has been consistent throughout time: the person hallucinating has an experience not shared by those around them. That is entirely it in a nutshell. The fatal flaw with this is that if the experience is telepathic and is bypassing the five senses, then of course others around them would not share in its experience. Furthermore, day to day life is not a laboratory setting; experiences in daily life cannot be easily recorded and broadcast for others to experience, so it is a speculative to say the least, and like seen in the Martha Mitchell effect, helps at times to enable organized crime and corruption in the system. If I am right that these telepathic beings exist, it would call into question the whole mental

diagnosis of those labeled with schizophrenia; however, even if that were true in every case I do not believe in doing away with psychiatry. The more you understand a situation, the better you are able to counteract it. I believe psychiatry can be revolutionized with this new understanding. As I wrote before, it could be something about the brains of at least some "schizophrenics" that attracts the attention of or opens up a door way to these entities. The more we understand about the true nature of the positive and negative symptoms in play for these individuals, the more we can fight to close the door way if that is the case. In modern times the mainly used treatment for schizophrenics is pharmaceutical drugs. This is because they found that psychotherapy is ineffective. The flaw I see in this is the psychotherapy is geared towards the perspective that the person is merely imagining the phenomenon they are experiencing. Through expanded understanding of the situation and a shift in view, instead of what essentially could be brainwashing now, I believe they could be greatly benefited from cognitive therapy in better grasping and analyzing what may really be going on in their minds, which would in return give them true coping skills and support tools. This idea is in accordance with what we find in other cultures where they as a society view schizophrenia as supernatural. In these cultures (under a more accurate view in my hypothesis) they have much higher recovery rates and reintegration into society. I believe knowledge has fruits and this is the positive effect of such a principle in plain sight. By unlocking the mysteries of the paranormal and its impact on our society, culture and history it would make people think clearer about the world around us, and I believe bring the dawn of a new age. Furthermore, the suppression of knowledge puts internal negative constraints on a person's freedom and interferes with their autonomy and self determination, which is a form of oppression or slavery. That is why an open society is imperative for people to self actualize their potential and have the American dream be attainable for those who have the skills and

drive to succeed. So what would be some of the problems in such an open society? One issue would be criminals trying to get out of prison by claiming they had been "possessed" or under the influence of a malevolent entity. On the other hand, pretending these beings do not exist is potentially a greater danger. I think it has a worse impact on society, because if people were fully aware of the definitive possibility they may be under the influence of such forces, it gives them a chance to reject it as part of their psyche and fight its influence, even seeking help if needed without being stigmatized. The other problem is the pandemonium such a revelation may cause. It would likely be more of a terrifying affirmation than the idea of alien abduction. Paranoia would grow over key demographics, such as those a part of secret societies and the occult coming from the Christian right wing, but in America there is freedom of religion; however, as a word to the wise, codes of silence only enable organized crime and potential tyrants to control society. Such questioning is healthy in regards to who we want as our elected officials, and if it is known that in their secret society they are potentially connecting with other realms and gaining esoteric knowledge and ideology from it outside the confines of peer review, it is something to be suspicious about in a truly open society. Whether they call them spirits or aliens, there are millions of people today who are under the realization of a nonhuman element having a presence in our world. Humanity will prosper from its confirmation. Progress requires change and a re-examination of the facts as a prerequisite and should not be feared. Quote: "I Have Sworn Upon the Altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man" (Thomas Jefferson).

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