Communicating Accross The Domains Of Research, Policy, Practice And The Corporate Sector

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Information about Communicating Accross The Domains Of Research, Policy, Practice And The...

Published on November 19, 2009

Author: SarahCummings

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This presentation was made to the international workshop, "Knowledge for development in Africa" held in Windhoek, Namibia, 9-13 November 2009.

Knowledge for development in Africa: challenges and opportunities Windhoek, Namibia, 9-13 November 2009 Sarah Cummings Communicating across the domains of research, policy, practice and the corporate sector

Based on two approaches… Mapping the knowledge landscape with - Practitioners (KM4Dev) Researchers (Ceres Summer School, Knowledge Democracy conference) Josine Stremmelaar, Hivos & Wenny Ho, BuZa Bibliometrics Semantic mapping Citation analysis Iina Hellsten, VU University, using tools developed by Loet Leydesdorff

Mapping the knowledge landscape with

- Practitioners (KM4Dev)

Researchers (Ceres Summer School, Knowledge Democracy conference)

Josine Stremmelaar, Hivos & Wenny Ho, BuZa

Bibliometrics

Semantic mapping

Citation analysis

Iina Hellsten, VU University, using tools developed by Loet Leydesdorff

Problem definition (1) The domains of policy, research, practice, and corporate sector work in isolation focusing on their own domain-related interests Researchers want publications in top rated journals Practitioners are to much in ‘do’ mode and have little theoretical underpinning Policymakers are focused on political deadlines, often ‘cherry-picking’ to support predetermined decisions Corporate sector: gives and takes but doesn’t share

The domains of policy, research, practice, and corporate sector work in isolation focusing on their own domain-related interests

Researchers want publications in top rated journals

Practitioners are to much in ‘do’ mode and have little theoretical underpinning

Policymakers are focused on political deadlines, often ‘cherry-picking’ to support predetermined decisions

Corporate sector: gives and takes but doesn’t share

Problem definition (2) Learning across the knowledge system takes place only on an ad hoc basis Most approaches to learning and knowledge have an organisational focus Efforts to systematise sectoral learning (water, agriculture) are in their infancy Very little emphasis on the knowledge system

Learning across the knowledge system takes place only on an ad hoc basis

Most approaches to learning and knowledge have an organisational focus

Efforts to systematise sectoral learning (water, agriculture) are in their infancy

Very little emphasis on the knowledge system

Problem definition (3) Southern voices have difficulty getting a hearing Authors in key journals are predominantly from the North Imbalance in power relationships

Southern voices have difficulty getting a hearing

Authors in key journals are predominantly from the North

Imbalance in power relationships

Why should domains cooperate? (1) Efficiency, effectiveness argument Duplication, reinventing the wheel Conception of the Triple Helix with innovation at the intersections (Loet Leydesdorff and colleagues)

Efficiency, effectiveness argument

Duplication, reinventing the wheel

Conception of the Triple Helix with innovation at the intersections

(Loet Leydesdorff and colleagues)

Why should domains cooperate? (2) Development as a wicked problem or a group of interlinked wicked problems Wicked problems are without any solution but nevertheless urgently require and answer Resolved with knowledge of different sorts and not solved (Brown, Engel) Require a unified response

Development as a wicked problem or a group of interlinked wicked problems

Wicked problems are without any solution but nevertheless urgently require and answer

Resolved with knowledge of different sorts and not solved

(Brown, Engel)

Require a unified response

Mapping the development knowledge landscape (1) Policy Practice Research

Research Practice Corporate sector Development knowledge landscape (2) Policy

Mapping the development knowledge landscape (3) Differences in: Working styles Incentives/motivations Knowledge architecture different: journals and publications Meeting places … .How to bring about cross-fertilisation?

Differences in:

Working styles

Incentives/motivations

Knowledge architecture different: journals and publications

Meeting places

… .How to bring about cross-fertilisation?

Bibliometrics (1) A. Basics Who publishes on development cooperation? Proportion of different institutions and countries? B. Semantic Maps Map differences in the codification of knowledge in development cooperation? Systematic comparison of domains (research, practice, policy and media?) Automated analysis of text documents: Co-words in context and different levels of codification (e.g. science / mass media / policy / practice)

A. Basics

Who publishes on development cooperation?

Proportion of different institutions and countries?

B. Semantic Maps

Map differences in the codification of knowledge in development cooperation?

Systematic comparison of domains (research, practice, policy and media?)

Automated analysis of text documents:

Co-words in context and different levels of codification (e.g. science / mass media / policy / practice)

Bibliometrics (2) Author’s Institutions: Top 10 (articles on MDG, 2005-2008)

Author’s countries: Top 10 and Top 5 PEOPLES R CHINA 7 2.0 GERMANY 14 2.6 MEXICO 12 2.4 GERMANY 6 1.7 DENMARK 12 2.2 BRAZIL 11 2.2 JAPAN 5 1.4 FRANCE 8 1.5 WorldDevelopment (668) Journal of Development Studies (405) Development and Change (553) Nr % Nr % Nr % USA 248 48.8 UK 165 46.5 NETHERLANDS 179 32.8 UK 121 23.7 USA 89 25.1 UK 102 18.8 NETHERLANDS 26 5.1 CANADA 17 4.8 USA 68 12.5 GERMAN Y 22 4.3 INDIA 17 4.8 INDIA 50 9.2 CANADA 21 4.1 AUSTRALIA 14 3.9 AUSTRALIA 21 3.9 AUSTRALIA 19 3.7 NETHERLANDS 14 3.9 CANADA 17 3.1 ITALY 16 3.1 SOUTH AFRICA 8 2.3 FIJI 14 2.6 INDIA 14 2.8

Bibliometrics (5): semantic maps “ Millennium Development Goals” in the Web of Science in 2005-2008 (27 documents, 34 title words that occur more than twice )

Bibliometrics (6) Research Dominance of Northern institutions/authors Dominance of large institutions/authors Practice less organised field, fragmented across many NGOs and actors -- the ‘neglected child’ grey literature difficult to access for research Symptomatic of the status and accessibility?

Research

Dominance of Northern institutions/authors

Dominance of large institutions/authors

Practice

less organised field, fragmented across many NGOs and actors -- the ‘neglected child’

grey literature difficult to access for research

Symptomatic of the status and accessibility?

World café… Do you recognise these differences between the domains? Do these gaps play a role in your work? What are the gaps that do play a role in your work? What are the initiatives that you know about which try to bridge these gaps/divides

Do you recognise these differences between the domains?

Do these gaps play a role in your work?

What are the gaps that do play a role in your work?

What are the initiatives that you know about which try to bridge these gaps/divides

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