Commonwealth Games

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Information about Commonwealth Games

Published on April 27, 2012

Author: amishivam


ENGLISH PROJECT WORK: ENGLISH PROJECT WORK COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2010 Submitted by – Shivam 2010 Commonwealth Games: 2010 Commonwealth Games The 2010 Commonwealth Games , officially known as the XIX Commonwealth Games , were held in Delhi , India , from 3 to 14 October 2010. A total of 6,081 athletes from 71 Commonwealth nations and dependencies competed in 21 sports and 272 events. It was the largest international multi-sport event to be staged in Delhi and India, eclipsing the Asian Games in 1951 and 1982 . The opening and closing ceremonies were held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium , the main stadium of the event. It was the first time that the Commonwealth Games were held in India and the second time it was held in Asia after Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia in 1998 . The official mascot of the Games was Shera and the official song of the Games, Jiyo Utho Bado Jeeto , was composed by celebrated Indian musician A.R. Rahman . PowerPoint Presentation: Initially, several concerns and controversies surfaced before the start of the Games. Despite these concerns, all member nations of the Commonwealth of Nations participated in the event, except Fiji , which is suspended from the Commonwealth, and Tokelau , which didn't send a team. A widely-praised opening ceremony helped improve the image of the Games. [2][3] The concerns raised during the buildup to the Games proved largely unfounded as most events progressed smoothly. The final medal tally was led by Australia . The host nation India gave its strongest performance yet to emerge second, while England placed third. The games closed on 14th October in a colorful and appreciated closing ceremony featuring both Indian and Scottish performers. [4][5][6] The Commonwealth Games flag was handed over to representatives of Glasgow , Scotland , which will host the XX Commonwealth Games in 2014. At the closing ceremony, the president of the Commonwealth Games Federation declared that Delhi had hosted a "truly exceptional Games". [7] The day after the conclusion of the Games, the Indian Government announced the formation of a special investigation committee to probe the allegations of corruption and mismanagement that had marred the buildup to the Games PowerPoint Presentation: XIX Commonwealth Gam es Host city - New Delhi , India Motto - Come out and play Nations participating 71 Commonwealth Teams Athletes participating - 6,081 Events - 272 events in 21 disciplines Opening ceremony - 3 October Closing ceremony - 14 October Logo of 2010 Commonwealth Games Officially opened by - Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Pratibha Patil , President of India Athlete's Oath - Abhinav Bindra Queen's Baton Final Runner Sushil Kumar Main Stadium - Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium Website - 2010 Commonwealth Games : 2010 Commonwealth Games Venues ( Games Vill age ) Mascot Theme song Concerns and controversies Queen's Baton Relay Opening ceremony Participating nations Medal table ( medalists ) Event calendar Closing ceremony Broadcasters Bidding : Bidding The two principal bids for the 2010 Commonwealth Games were from Delhi, India and Hamilton, Ontario , Canada. A ballot of members was held in November 2003 at the Commonwealth Games Federation General Assembly in Montego Bay , Jamaica . Delhi bid won by a margin of 46 votes to 22, confirming India's first successful bid for the Games. The bid was Canada's attempt to hold the games for the fifth time. [10][11][12] India's bid motto was New Frontiers and Friendships . [13] India shifted the balance in its favour in the second round of voting with a promise that it would provide US$100,000 to each participating country, along with air tickets, boarding, lodging and transport. [14] The successful 2003 Afro-Asian Games held in Hyderabad was also seen as having showed India has the resources, infrastructure and technical know-how to stage a big sporting event. India also thanked Latif Butt, former vice president of the Olympic Council of Asia, for his support in the winning bid, by saying, "You played a vital role in the Commonwealth Games 2010 being allotted to India. Such actions are worthy of emulation by all concerned in Pakistan and India. I have no doubt that if both sides continue to live by such ideals, one day, sooner than later our generations to come will reap the benefits of and be grateful to those making such contributions. You would certainly be such person." [13] The Indian government stated that it would underwrite the total cost of the Games Organization : Organizing committee The organization was beset by delays: in January 2010, the Indian Olympic Association vice-chairman Raja Randhir Singh expressed concern that Delhi was not up to speed in forming and organizing its games committee and, following a 2009 Indian Government report showing two thirds of venues were behind schedule, Commonwealth Games Federation president Mike Fennell stated that the slow progress of preparations represented a serious risk to the event. [16] Singh called for a revamp of the games' organizing committees: [17] Jarnail Singh , a former Secretary of the Government of India, was appointed as the Chief Executive Officer and Indian Olympic Association president Suresh Kalmadi was appointed as head of the committee. [18] In spite of delays and the corruption cases levied on the organizers, commentators stated that they were confident that India will successfully host the games and do so on time. [19][20] At the launch of the Queen’s Baton Relay in October 2009, the Business Club of India (BCI) was formed through the partnership of the organizing committee, the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI). The BCI was formed to both market the Games and promote Indian business interests internationally Organization Costs : Costs The initial total budget estimated by Indian Olympic Association in 2003 for hosting the Games was 16.2 billion (US$364.5 million) but escalated official total budget estimation in 2010 became 115 bn ($2.6 B), which excludes non-sports-related infrastructure development in the city such as airports, city beautification and roads. [22] Business Today magazine estimated that the Games cost 300 bn ($6.8 bn). [23] The 2010 Commonwealth Games are the most expensive Commonwealth Games ever Transport: Transport PowerPoint Presentation: Delhi proposed a four-lane, 2.2 km underground stretch from Lodhi Road to trans-Yamuna, linking the Games Village to the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium and reducing travelling time between the village and the Stadium to six minutes. In response to concerns over the large number of trains that pass by the Delhi metropolitan region daily, construction of road under-bridges and over-bridges along railway lines has been started. To expand road infrastructure, flyovers, cloverleaf flyovers, and bridges have been planned to improve links for the Games and city in general. Road-widening projects have begun with an emphasis being placed on expanding national highways. To improve traffic flow on existing roads, plans are underway to make both the inner and outer Ring roads signal free. PowerPoint Presentation: To support its commitment to mass transport, nine corridors have been identified and are being constructed as High Capacity Bus Systems (for example, one from Ambedkar Nagar to Red Fort ). Six of these corridors are expected to be operational in 2010. Additionally, The Delhi Metro will be expanded to accommodate more people and boost the use of public transport during the 2010 games. The metro will extend to Gurgaon and the Noida area. For this large increase in the size of the network, Delhi Metro will deploy 14 tunnel boring machines . [25] Indira Gandhi International Airport is being modernized, expanded, and upgraded. Costing nearly $1.95 billion, Terminal 3 has improved airport passenger capacity to more than 37 million passengers a year by 2010. A new runway has been constructed, allowing for more than 75 flights an hour. At more than 4400 meters long, it will be one of Asia's longest. The airport will be connected to the city via a six-lane expressway ( Delhi– Gurgaon Expressway ) and the $580 million Delhi Airport Metro Express line. Green Games: Green Games The organizers signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the United Nations Environment Programmed to show the intention to host a "sustainable games" and to take the environment into consideration when constructing and renovating venues. Thyagaraj Stadium is intended to be a key example of environmentally considered construction. In opposition to this intention, a number of environmental controversies arose and the adverse ecological impact of various aspects of the games have been protested by city residents. [27][28] City residents filed a public interest petition to the Supreme Court of India against the felling of 'heritage' trees in the Siri Fort area to make way for Games facilities. The court appointed architect Charles Correa to assess the impact and he severely criticized the designs on ecological grounds. [29] In spite of this, in April 2009 the Supreme Court allowed the construction on the grounds that "much time had been lost" and "the damage already caused to the environment could not be undone". [30][31] The Commonwealth Games village, located on the flood plains of the Yamuna , has also been the subject of controversies about the flouting of ecological norms. [32] After a prolonged legal battle between city residents and the state, construction was permitted to continue on the basis of an order of the Supreme Court of India in July 2009, which held that the government had satisfied the requirements of "due process of the law" by issuing public notice of its intention to begin construction work in September 1999 (a date four years prior to the acceptance of Delhi's bid for the games Other preparation: Other preparation In preparation for an influx of English-speaking tourists for the Games, the Delhi government is implementing a program to teach English, and the necessary skills for serving tourists, to key workers—such as cab drivers, security workers, waiters, porters, and service staff. In the two years prior to the Games 2,000 drivers were taught English. The program aims to teach 1,000 people English per month in the hope of reaching all key workers by March 2010. In addition to Delhi, the Indian Government plans to expand the program to teach people in local tourist destinations in other parts of India. [34] To prepare for the energy-usage spike during the Games and to end chronic power cuts in Delhi , the government is undertaking a large power-production initiative to increase power production to 7,000 MW (from the current 4,500 MW). To achieve this goal, the government plans to streamline the power distribution process, direct additional energy to Delhi, and construct new power plants. In fact, the government has promised that by the end of 2010, Delhi will have a surplus of power. [35] In addition to physical preparation, India will offer free accommodation for all athletes at the Games Village , as well as free transport and other benefits, such as a free trip to the famed Taj Mahal and a reserved lane for participants on selected highways. [36] The Games Village will house over 8,000 athletes and officials for the Games. Indian states will train state police forces to handle tourist-related issues and deploy them prior to the Games. A large-scale construction and "beautification" project has resulted in the demolition of hundreds of homes and the displacement of city dwellers—at least 100,000 of New Delhi’s 160,000 homeless people have removed from shelters, some of which have been demolished. [37][38] Bamboo screens have been erected around city slums to separate visitors from the sights of the slums, [39] a practice which human rights campaigners have deemed dishonest and immoral. [40] The Delhi High Court is set to implement a series of "mobile courts" to be dispatched throughout Delhi to relocate migrant beggars from Delhi streets. The mobile courts would consider each beggar on a case-by-case basis to determine whether the beggar should be sent back to his/her state of residence, or be permitted to remain in government-shelters   Symbols : Symbols Mascot The official mascot for the 2010 Commonwealth Games is Shera , an anthropomorphized tiger . [42] His name comes from "Sher", Hindi word meaning tiger (Hindi "Bagh" means tiger. However, Sher is colloquially used for both lion and tiger). The logo and the look for the games were designed by Idiom Design and Consulting. There is one song for Shera also composed by the popular composer of INDIA the song contains initiative "Shera Shera" [43] The mascot Shera is visiting many schools across Delhi to create enthusiasm and interest for the Commonwealth Games being held . Official song : Official song The official song of the 2010 Commonwealth Games Jiyo Utho Bado Jeeto was composed and performed by the Indian musician A. R. Rahman . [44] The song's title is based on the slogan of the games, "Come out and play". The song is penned by Mehboob in Hindi with a sprinkling of English words. It was released on 28 August 2010. The music video, directed by Bharath Bala was released on 23 September and featured a shorter version of the song. A. R. Rahman also gave a live concert for the theme song in Gurgaon , Haryana which was previewed on various news channels . The official video of the song has been released on YouTube . Queen's Baton relay : Queen's Baton relay The Queen's Baton Relay began when the baton, which contains Queen Elizabeth II 's message to the athletes, left Buckingham Palace on 29 October 2009. The baton arrived at the 2010 Games opening ceremony on 3 October 2010, after visiting the other 54 nations of the Commonwealth and travelling throughout India, reaching millions of people to join in the celebrations for the Games. The baton arrived in India on 25 June 2010 through the Wagah Border crossing from Pakistan. [45] The baton was designed by Michael Foley, a graduate of the National Institute of Design. [46] It is a triangular section of aluminum twisted into a helix shape and then coated with colored soils collected from all the regions of India. The colored soils are a first for the styling of a Queen's Baton. A jewel-encrusted box was used to house the Queen's message, which was laser-engraved onto a miniature 18 carat gold leaf—representative of the ancient Indian ' patras . The Queen's baton is ergonomically contoured for ease of use. It is 664 millimeters (26.1 in) high, 34 millimeters (1.3 in) wide at the base, and 86 millimeters (3.4 in) wide at the top and weighs 1,900 grams (67 oz). The Queen's baton has a number of technological features including: The ability to capture images and sound Global positioning system (GPS) technology so the baton's location can be tracked Embedded light emitting diodes (LEDs) which will change into the colors of a country’s flag whilst in that country A text messaging capability so that people can send messages of congratulations and encouragement to the baton bearers throughout the relay Calendar : Calendar The official calendar for the 2010 Commonwealth Games is as follows. [47] Click on the blue dots in the table to read about the individual events. Opening ceremony : Opening ceremony The opening ceremony of the 2010 Commonwealth Games was held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium , the main stadium of the event, in New Delhi , India. It began at 7:00 PM ( IST ) on 3 October 2010 ending at 11:00 PM (IST) displaying India's varied culture in a plethora of cultural showcases. It was watched live by a global audience of around three billion. [48] Prince Charles , Prince of Wales (representing Queen Elizabeth II as Head of the Commonwealth ) and President of India Pratibha Patil officially declared the Games open. [49] Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of the host nation, India, attended the opening ceremony as well. A total of three heads of state from outside India attended the opening ceremony; two from Commonwealth nations and one from a non-Commonwealth nation. The three head of states are Mohamed Nasheed , President of the Maldives , Marcus Stephen , President of Nauru and a multiple Commonwealth gold medalist, and Prince Albert II of Monaco , whose country Monaco is not a member of the Commonwealth. [50] As well, Sir Anand Satyanand , the Governor General of New Zealand (the first of Indian descent), attended the ceremony. Sports : Sports There were 17 sports for the 2010 Commonwealth Games. Kabaddi was a demonstration sport at the Games. [52] Triathlon was excluded from the games as there was no suitable location for the swimming stage. [ citation needed ] The organizers have also removed basketball , but included archery , tennis and wrestling . Cricket , although in strong demand, did not make a come-back as the Board of Control for Cricket in India were not keen on a Twenty20 tournament, and the organizers did not want a one day tournament . Terrorist attack plans : Terrorist attack plans On October 10, the Indian government received detailed reports from the CIA that Lashkar-e- Toiba and al Qaida are planning to do attacks on a luxury hotel in Delhi and a games venue on October 12 or 13. [55] In response, the Federal Government put in more security in Delhi's top 8 hotels and 80 trucks of sand were checked "shovel by shovel" for bombs and grenades. [56] The hunt for the gunmen who attacked a tourist bus, injuring 2 Taiwanese tourists at Jama Masjid is continuing. Participating nations : Participating nations There were 71 participating nations at the 2010 Commonwealth Games. As Fiji was suspended from the Commonwealth , it was banned from participating in the Games. [58] Rwanda fielded a team for the games for the first time after becoming a Commonwealth member in 2009. [59] Numbers of athletes are shown in brackets. Tokelau was initially expected to compete, but did not do so Venues : Venues Events took place at 12 competition venues. A total of 20 training venues were used in the Games. Of these 20, one was used for archery; three for aquatics; two for lawn bowls; two for netball; eight for rugby sevens, including seven venues within Delhi University ; two for shooting; one for squash; two for table tennis; one for weightlifting, three for wrestling and two for tennis. [129] The Commonwealth Games Village provided accommodation and training for athletes of the Games, and was opened from 23 September to 18 October 2010. It is located along the east bank of the River Yamuna, in proximity to competition and training venues as well as city landmarks, and is spread over an area of 63.5 hectares (157 acres ). Comprising five main zones—the Residential Zone, the International Zone, the Training Area, the Main Dining and the Operational Zone—the Games Village, which is a non-smoking zone, [130] is universally accessible particularly to accommodate para -sport athletes. [131] There were three main non-competition venues in the Games, besides the Commonwealth Games Village (see above ); namely the Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games Organizing Committee Headquarters (OC CWG Delhi 2010), the Main Media Centre, and the Games Family Hotel, Hotel Ashok. Concerns and controversies: Concerns and controversies Several concerns were raised over the preparations of the Games and these included excessive budget overruns, [132] likelihood of floods in Delhi due to heavy monsoon rains, infrastructural compromise, poor living conditions at the Commonwealth Games Village , delays in construction of the main Games' venues , [133][134] the withdrawal of prominent athletes, [135] widespread corruption by officials of the Games' Organizing Committee [136] and possibility of a terrorist attack by militants. [137] . The 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi was criticized by several prominent Indian politicians and social activists. One of the outspoken critics of the Games is Mani Shankar Aiyar , former Indian Minister for Youth Affairs and Sports . In April 2007, Aiyar commented that the Games are "irrelevant to the common man" and criticized the Indian government for sanctioning billions of dollars for the Games even though India requires massive investment in social development programs. [138] In July 2010, he remarked that he would be "unhappy if the Commonwealth Games are successful". [139] Miloon Kothari, leading Indian expert on socio-economic development, questioned the justification of spending billions of dollars on a 12-day sports event "when 46% of India's children and 55% of women are malnourished" PowerPoint Presentation: Concerns raised by Aiyar were echoed by several others in India. Initial concerns about the 2010 Commonwealth Games included delays in completion of projects, poor construction standards, corruption by Games' Organizing Committee officials and possibility of a terrorist attack. The Indian media also alleged that Games' Organizing Committee officials were involved in serious corruption and these allegations included acceptance of bribe during the process of awarding construction contracts for the Games' venues. [14][141] The Commonwealth Games Organizing Committee on 5 August 2010 suspended T S Darbari (joint director in the organizing committee) and Sanjay Mahendroo (deputy director general in the organizing committee) following the report of the three-member panel which was probing the financial irregularities related to the Queen's Baton Relay. [142] Organising Committee treasurer Anil Khanna resigned from the post in the wake of allegations that his son's firm had secured a contract for laying synthetic courts at a tennis stadium. [143] On September 23, The Daily Telegraph UK showed photographs taken of child labor working on the Games sites. [144] There was also multiple cases of items being rented for the 45 days for more money than it would cost to actually buy the item. [145] e.g., 72 golf carts were hired for 4.23 lakh ( US$ 9,517.5) each, when they could have been purchased for 1.84 lakh ( US$ 4,140) each PowerPoint Presentation: Central Vigilance Commission (CVC), an apex Government of India investigative agency, released a report highlighting financial irregularities in up to fourteen Games projects. [146] As per CVC report, in total 129 works in 71 organizations have been inspected. [147] The preliminary findings include — complete lack of involvement of the city and the community at large, award of work contracts at higher prices, poor quality assurance and management, and award of work contracts to ineligible agencies. Weeks before the start of the Games, Indian media outlets highlighted the poor construction standards at several of the main Games venues. [140] In late September 2010, the president of the Commonwealth Games Federation remarked that the Games Village were far from completion and needed a "deep clean" and New Zealand's chef de mission even claimed that the Games might not take place given the amount of work to be done. [149] The concerns came to media attention in late September 2010 after media outlets began reporting on "filthy and unlivable conditions" and taking photos of paan stains and excrement in living quarters at the games village. Just a day after these remarks, a footbridge under construction near the Nehru Stadium collapsed, injuring 27 and seriously injuring five. On 22 September 2010, some tiles at the wrestling stadium's false ceiling caved in; however, there were no reported injuries. [150] After the start of the games, a large scoreboard at the rugby stadium toppled over, though before any competitions had started in the stadium. Security concerns were highlighted by an Australian TV crew from the Seven Network who claimed to have walked past security with a suitcase containing a dummy bomb casing and its detonator on 15 September, [151][152][153][154] although the claim was later challenged as being 'bogus' and dishonest. [155][156] Concerns of a terrorist attack were also raised following a gun attack that took place outside the Jama Masjid on 19th September 2010. However, the Indian authorities stated that the shooting was a "one-off incident" PowerPoint Presentation: In the opening ceremony, the chairman of Organising Committee, Suresh Kalmadi, faced further embarrassment when he was booed by the Indian spectators at the start of his welcome speech. The crowd atmosphere otherwise was upbeat, especially when they offered a warm applause to the neighboring Pakistan squad despite the tense relations between India and Pakistan . [158] More than a dozen athletes from Australia and England, mainly swimmers, fell ill in the initial days of the swimming competitions. Early suspicions rested on the quality of water in the swimming pools of the SPM Complex , but other competing teams, including South Africa, reported no such illness. [159] Daily water quality tests were being carried out on the water of the pools, as mandated by the event standards. Additional tests were ordered after news of the illnesses, but they also did not find anything amiss. The Australian team's chief doctor, Peter Harcourt, ruled that the "chances of the [Delhi] pool being the cause of the problem is very remote" and praised the hygiene and food quality in the Delhi Games Village. [160] He suggested that it could be a common case of Traveler's diarrhea (locally called Delhi belly ), or the Australian swimmers could have contracted the stomach virus during their training camp in Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia. [160] . English Olympic and Commonwealth gold-medalist swimmer Rebecca Aldington said that the water quality was absolutely fine. [161] In another incident, three Ugandan officials were injured when the car they were travelling in hit a security wheel stopper at the Games village. [162] The chairman of the Games' Organising Committee, Suresh Kalmadi, apologized to the Ugandan High Commissioner to India for the freak car accident. [163] The negative pre-event publicity and heavy security presence played in part in low spectator attendance during the initial events. However the numbers picked up as the Games progressed. Most events, especially those featuring Indian players, saw full houses by the end of the Games. Formation of dedicated investigation committee: Formation of dedicated investigation committee The day after the conclusion of the Games, the Indian Government announced the formation of a special committee to probe the allegations of corruption and mismanagement against the Organizing Committee. The probe committee will be led by former Comptroller and Auditor General of India VK Shungloo. This probe will be in addition to the Central Bureau of Investigation , Enforcement Directorate , and Central Vigilance Commission investigations already underway. The Prime Minister of India , Dr Manmohan Singh had promised in mid-August, when reports of the bungling first surfaced, that corrupt officials will be given "severe and exemplary" punishment after the Games. The probe committee is tasked with looking into "all aspects of organizing and conducting" the Games, and "to draw lessons from it." It has been given three months time to submit its report. [164][165] The Indian Sports Ministry has directed the Organizing Committee of the 2010 Commonwealth Games (led by Suresh Kalmadi), to not release any staffer from their positions till the probe committee's work is finished. Long-term impact : Long-term impact India is largely a single-sport country, with cricket far outstripping all other sports in terms of the talent, sponsorships, spectator support, and media attention it receives. The Indian cricket team is currently (15th October 2010) ranked world number one in Test cricket . [166] There have been worthy world-level contenders in some sports, like Vishwanathan Anand in Chess , Leander Paes and Mahesh Bhupathi in Tennis , or Prakash Padukone and Saina Nehwal in Badminton , but they have been the exception rather than the norm. Field hockey was a popular sport till the early 1980s, but a crushing defeat by Pakistan in the finals of the 1982 Asian Games , followed quickly by India winning the 1983 Cricket World Cup , shifted the balance in cricket's favor. One of the important aims of hosting the Commonwealth Games was to build world-class athletics infrastructure within the nation, expose audiences to top-level non-cricket competition, and encourage the youth to "Come out and play." Building a sporting culture that looks beyond cricket is seen as an important task for a country which won its first ever individual Olympic gold medal only in 2008 , despite having the world's second-largest population. It will take years to tell whether this has actually taken place, but the high TV viewership of otherwise rarely-watched events is an encouraging sign. This was also evident in India winning its first ever medals in Gymnastics , and in the women's 4x400m relay , where India won the gold medal to resounding cheers from a packed audience in Nehru Stadium. It was India's first gold medal from a track racing event since Milkha Singh 's gold medal in the 440 yard (400 m) race at the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games at Cardiff . PowerPoint Presentation: Lord Sebastian Coe , former Olympic Champion and chairman of the 2012 London Olympics Organising Committee , was at the stadium during the 4x400m women's relay, and witness to the deafening cheers for the racers. He described it as "potentially the moment that could change the course of athletics in Asia, the moment that could inspire thousands of people who'd never even seen an athletics track before to get involved." He added that "To build a truly global capacity in sport, you have to take it round the world - out of your own backyard. That means taking risks and facing challenges, but it has to be done." Venues of the 2010 Commonwealth Games : Venues of the 2010 Commonwealth Games The opening and closing ceremonies of the Games will take place at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium . The 2010 Commonwealth Games were held in Delhi , India from 3 to 14 October 2010. A total of 7,000 athletes from 72 Commonwealth Games Associations participated in 17 sports. [1] Events took place at twelve competition venues. The Commonwealth Games Village was a separate non-competitive venue that provided accommodation and activities for the athletes. Commonwealth Games Village : Commonwealth Games Village The Commonwealth Games Village provided accommodation and training for athletes of the Games, and was open from 23 September to 18 October 2010. It was located along the east bank of the River Yamuna, in proximity to competition and training venues as well as city landmarks, and was spread over an area of 63.5 hectares (157 acres). Comprising five main zones — the Residential Zone, the International Zone, the Training Area, the Main Dining and the Operational Zone — the Games Village, which was a non-smoking zone, [15] was universally accessible particularly to accommodate Para-sport athletes. [16] Two transport systems, provided free of charge, served athletes and team officials in the Games Village. The Internal Village Shuttle provided internal movement within the Games Village, operating 24 hours daily. Bus services linked the Games Village to competition and training venues, the airport , and the city centre, Connaught Place . [17] The Residential Zone specifically accommodated athletes and team officials, with 1,168 apartments in 34 residential towers. Each apartment had two to five bedrooms, giving 4,008 bedrooms in total; each bedroom accommodated two residents which differed from the traditional practice of providing athletes with a bedroom each. The entire zone itself was divided into four zones, styled after four unique folk art styles found in India as identified by a color and an image: warli (red), gond (blue), madhubani (green) and sanjhi (purple). Nine Resident Centres, each serving hundreds of residents, were spaced across the residential towers, and they provided key services and facilities as well as entertainment. The Residential Zone also housed offices and services centers for the Commonwealth Games Associations , a polyclinic , religious services and casual dining facilities PowerPoint Presentation: The International Zone served as the hub of the Games Village, offering retail and entertainment services as well as a rendezvous location for visitors and Games participants. Key facilities such as a bank, post office and general store were hosted there, alongside retail shops and entertainment facilities including a cinema and an Internet café . Live craft demonstrations, band performances and cultural programmers were also held at the Village. [19] The Training Area, a zonal area by itself with an area of 15 hectares (37 acres), provided training facilities entirely within the Games Village, in what has been described as a first in the history of the Commonwealth Games. There were facilities for four sports (see above ), including a track and field , wrestling and weightlifting training halls and an Olympic-size pool . A fully equipped gymnasium and fitness centre, steam and sauna facilities, physiotherapy rooms, as well as a leisure pool complemented the sport-specific facilities. [20] The Games Village was said to have adopted green features, in line with the 'Green Games' principle of the 2010 Commonwealth Games, and it showcased and practiced sustainable development principles and practices. An in-house waste water treatment and reuse facility, organic waste treatment facilities, and solar powered energy were among the environmentally friendly practices adopted by the OC CWG Delhi 2010. At the same time, most of the transport fleet provided for the Games ran on green fuels such as battery electric vehicles and compressed natural gas . Residents and guests could also offset travel-accumulated carbon emissions by computing their footprint and then procuring carbon credits at the specifically created Green Games Carbon Neutrality Kiosk. The World Anti-Doping Agency set up an anti-doping education hub in collaboration with the organizers. [15] Construction of the Games Village as a whole however was marred by delays and organizational inefficiencies, leading to concerns as expressed by athletes and the CGF Other venues: Other venues There were three main non-competition venues in the Games, besides the Commonwealth Games Village (see above ); namely the Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games Organising Committee Headquarters (OC CWG Delhi 2010), the Main Media Centre, and the Games Family Hotel, Hotel Ashok. Situated in the New Delhi Municipal Council building in Connaught Place , the OC CWG Delhi 2010's office was spread over nine floors of the building, with a capacity to accommodate a workforce of over 1,200. The design of the building's interiors was intended to display 21st century India, described as an "amalgamation of tradition and technological advancement". [14] The Main Media Centre of the 2010 Commonwealth Games managed media-related activities, and comprised the International Broadcasting Centre and the Main Press Centre. It was set up in close proximity to the Games Village and the main venues at Pragati Maidan . State owned agencies managed both centers, with host broadcaster Prasar Bharti managing the International Broadcasting Centre and the Press Information Bureau managing the Main Press Centre. It was believed that by the time the Games are held, New Delhi would stop analogue broadcast and begin digital broadcast through a conditional access system, for which it is the first city in India to do so PowerPoint Presentation: On 4 June 2009, a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed between OC CWG Delhi 2010 and the India Tourism Development Corporation which officially recognized Hotel Ashok as the Games Family Hotel. Following a major facelift, the hotel served as host to members of Commonwealth Games Associations, the Commonwealth Games Federation , International Sports Federations, the Indian Olympic Association as well as technical delegates. Also, Hotel Ashok hosted the facilitation offices of OC CWG Delhi 2010 and the Commonwealth Games Federation, with all events, meetings and conferences held there. [14] Concerns over readiness and impact of venues: Concerns over readiness and impact of venues A number of concerns and controversies surfaced before the Games, which received media coverage both in the host nation and internationally (see main article ). Delays in the construction of competition venues as well as the Commonwealth Games Village was linked to corruption involving the Commonwealth Games Organising Committee. Infrastructure problems arose in the days leading up to the Games, highlighted by the collapse of an under construction footbridge and a partial collapse of the drop ceiling of the weightlifting venue. Less than two weeks before the opening ceremony, Fennell wrote to the Indian cabinet secretary, urging action in response to the village being "seriously compromised." He said that though team officials were impressed with the international zone and main dining area, they were "shocked" by the state of the accommodation. "The village is the cornerstone of any Games and the athletes deserve the best possible environment to prepare for their competition." [21] The BBC published photographs of the village taken two days before September 23 showing unfinished living quarters PowerPoint Presentation: New Zealand, Canada, Scotland and Northern Ireland have expressed concern about unliveable conditions. [23] The Times of India newspaper reports that the Scottish delegation apparently submitted a photograph of a dog defecating on a bed in the games village. [24] Hooper said that there was "excrement in places it shouldn't be" in the athletes' quarters and that members of visiting delegations had to help clean up the unsanitary things. [25] The BBC released images of bathrooms with brown- coloured pan stains on the walls and floor, liquids on the floor, and brown paw prints on athletes' beds. [26] Lalit Bhanot, the secretary general of the Organising Committee, rejected the complaint that sanitation was poor by saying that, due to cultural differences, there are different standards about cleanliness in India and the western world , for which he was widely ridiculed in both Indian and international media. [27] Bhanot went on to say of the athletes' village that, "This is a world-class village, probably one of the best ever PowerPoint Presentation: Meanwhile, Pakistan also made reservations over the condition of the athletes’ village and asked for an alternate accommodation to be made available to its contingent while preparation was still in progress. The Pakistan Olympic Association president Arif Hasan remarked: "We want the CGF to ensure that the athletes’ village is in good condition. Athletes cannot stay at a substandard place." Hassan however added that there were no doubts over Pakistan’s participation and the contingent would leave as planned. [28] On the other hand, England's Chef de mission Craig Hunter praised the Games Village, remarking that "the Commonwealth Games Village here [in New Delhi] is better than the Beijing Olympics ". He added that the arrangements at the Games Village is much better than that at the 2008 Summer Olympics. [29] Canada's sports minister also supported the Games, saying that big events always face issues, and the media often exaggerates them, as Canada found during the Vancouver Winter Olympics . He added that "We are coming in full force." [30] The opening ceremony played a key role in improving the image of the Games. As athletes arrived and competitions started, many earlier critics changed their view. The Australian Sports Minister said that India could now aim for the Olympics , and the President of the International Olympic Committee , Jacques Rogge , said that India had made a good foundation for a future Olympics bid. [31][32] As the Games concluded, most observers said that they were an exceptional experience Gallery: Gallery ENGLISH PROJECT WORK: ENGLISH PROJECT WORK COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2010 Submitted by – Shivam To – Mr. Anup Kumar Singh Class - IX ‘B’ Thanking You For Watching

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