Common By Product Feeds

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Information about Common By Product Feeds
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Published on October 4, 2007

Author: Mahugani

Source: authorstream.com

Common By-Product Feeds :  Common By-Product Feeds By-Products Feeds:  By-Products Feeds Advantages Contain useful nutrients Frequently very inexpensive Disadvantages Variable nutrient content from batch to batch Availability on a consistent basis Grain By-Products – Wheat:  Grain By-Products – Wheat Wheat Flour Milling to Produce Flour for Human Consumption Feed Products Wheat Screenings Broken or shriveled wheat kernels plus foreign materials, such as cheat or weeds Wheat Bran Outer layer of kernel plus some flour 14-18% CP, 12% CF, 65-70% TDN Laxative ingredient 1% Phosphorus, 0.1% Calcium Grain By-Products – Wheat:  Grain By-Products – Wheat Wheat Flour Milling to Produce Flour for Human Consumption Feed Products Wheat Midds Intermediate product of wheat milling, containing less fiber and more flour 14-18% CP, 8% CF, 75-80% TDN 1% Phosphorus, 0.1% Calcium Digestible fiber – will not decrease fiber digestibility like starch foods Wheats Shorts Same as Wheat Midds except must contain NO MORE than 7% CF Grain By-Products - Corn:  Grain By-Products - Corn Wet Corn Milling Process of Preparing Starch, Sugar, Syrup and Corn Oil Feed products Corn Gluten Feed Bran plus steep liquor 20-25% CP, 8% CF, 80-85% TDN Ruminal degradable protein Used as a grain substitute in supplements to reduce negative digestibility effects of starch on forage digestibility Grain By-Products - Corn:  Grain By-Products - Corn Wet Corn Milling Process of Preparing Starch, Sugar, Syrup and Corn Oil Feed products Corn Gluten Meal Protein from the corn endosperm 40-60% CP, 3-5% CF, 75-80% TDN Ruminal bypass protein Used as a protein supplement in situations where protein needs of animal outstrip ruminal organisms ability to synthesize proteins in rumen (lactating dairy cow rations) Grain By-Products - Rice:  Grain By-Products - Rice Process of Preparing Rice for Human Consumption Feed products Rice Bran Outer layer of kernel 14% CP, 12% CF 60-70% TDN depending upon fat % Solvent-extracted = 3-4% EE Non-extracted = 13-15% EE Ruminal degradable protein and useful energy feed 1.6% Phos, 0.08% Ca Grain By-Products - Rice:  Grain By-Products - Rice Process of Preparing Rice for Human Consumption Feed products Rice Mill Feed (Rice By-product) Bran plus hull 5-6% CP, 30-40% CF 30-40% TDN Lowly digestible – primarily filler Soybean By-Products – Soy Hulls:  Soybean By-Products – Soy Hulls Process of Extracting Soy Oil and Preparing Soybean Meal Feed products Soy Hulls Hull of soybean seed 12-14% CP, 30-40% CF 70-80% TDN Digestible, high energy feed with high fiber Sugar Refining By- Products :  Sugar Refining By- Products Molasses Advantages Improves palatability Controls dust Binder of particles for pelleting purposes liquid carrier in feedstuffs Disadvantages Handling problems Can be laxative at high levels Expensive energy source Sugar Refining By-Products :  Sugar Refining By-Products Liquid Molasses By-Product of Sugar Beets, Sugarcane, Citrus or Wood Used to Manufacture Sugar Very palatable and readily available energy source. Must Contain 46% Sugars May be used as principal ingredient in liquid feed situations Restricted to 2-5% of dry rations as a flavor additive and binding agent Levels approaching 8-10% may result in clumping in mixer or ingredients clumping together in sacked feed Sugar Refining By-Products :  Sugar Refining By-Products Dried Molasses By-Product of Sugar Beets, Sugarcane, Citrus or Wood Used to Manufacture Sugar Very palatable and readily available energy source. Must Contain 46% Sugars Restricted to 2-5% of dry rations or supplements as a flavor additive Sugar Refining By- Products :  Sugar Refining By- Products Dried Beet Pulp Residue From Sugar Beet Processing High in digestible fiber (> 16% CF) Excellent Laxative May be reconstituted with water to provide highly palatable moist feed Used to provide bulk to diets similar to silage without loss of energy Miscellaneous Energy Feeds :  Miscellaneous Energy Feeds Fat and Oils Used Extensively in Commercially Prepared Diets (1-7%) as a means to: Increase energy content Improve pelleting rate Improve palatability Reduce machinery wear Should be Treated with an Antioxidant to Prevent Rancidity Miscellaneous Energy Feeds :  Miscellaneous Energy Feeds Fat & Oil Sources Animal Fat Choice White Grease (Swine/Beef) Poultry Fat Tallow (Beef) Vegetable Fat Restaurant Grease Kitchen Grease Vegetable Oils Miscellaneous Energy By-Product Feeds:  Miscellaneous Energy By-Product Feeds Dried Bakery Products Consists of Stale Bakery Items (Breads, Cookies, Cake, Crackers, etc.) and Other Bakery Wastes Ground into a Meal Similar to composition of wheat except for Ether Extract content (12-16%) Limited in Diets to 20% Due to High Salt Content Miscellaneous By-Product Feeds:  Miscellaneous By-Product Feeds Vegetable Wastes Fruits Nuts Milk and dairy products Manure and litter wastes Industrial wastes and garbage

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