Published on March 14, 2014
BASIC TV NEWS STORY FORMS: Broadcast Journalism COMM 118 BASIC TV NEWS STORY FORMS 5 BASIC STORY FORMS: 5 BASIC STORY FORMS The READER (no video) The VO: VOICE-OVERS (video) The VO/SOT: VOICE-OVERS/SOUND ON TAPE (video + sound) The Reporter PACKAGE (video + sound + narration) The DONUT (package + reporter is live) THE READER: THE READER Text only – no video, no sound on tape Beginning Writers/Producers’ jobs Very little production value – you might have an OTS (Over The Shoulder) Graphic Readers are always very short stories But are deemed important enough to run w/o video or sound THE VO: VOICE-OVERS: THE VO: VOICE-OVERS Any story the anchor reads that also uses video, a full-screen graphic or some other visual – the voice is heard “over” the visuals Write directly to the visuals – the anchor/reporter talks about what we’re seeing while we’re seeing it THE VO/SOT: VOICE-OVERS/SOUND ON TAPE: THE VO/SOT: VOICE-OVERS/SOUND ON TAPE Any story the anchor reads that begins with visuals but also has a SOT sound bite(s ) included SOT/sound bite = brief snippet of an interview edited to follow a certain amount of video/visuals/voiceover The VO/SOT involves more than one voice – the anchor’s and the interview subject THE REPORTER PACKAGE: THE REPORTER PACKAGE Always involves reporters and are packaged, fully self-contained pieces for your show Anchors read track for READERS, VOs , VO/ SOTs , and the “lead-ins” and “tags” to PACKAGES First story type we’ve discussed that features a reporter rather than an anchor THE REPORTER PACKAGE: THE REPORTER PACKAGE Usually features a “stand-up” – when the reporter appears on-camera in the field and delivers some information/narration The Reporter’s chance for face/screen time The audience can now identify the reporter Personalizes the story and builds trust The MOM Rule definitely applies THE REPORTER PACKAGE: THE REPORTER PACKAGE Complicated and detailed script that incorporates visuals, SOTs , other audio and NAT(ural ) sounds into one finished news story “package” Large job – usually one package per shift for reporter/producer THE DONUT (variant of package): THE DONUT (variant of package) A reporter delivers the Intro and Tag to package live Often no stand-up in a donut piece Reporter talks with anchor about the story before and after it rolls Involves both the anchor and the reporter more fully in the story – very conversational PRINTED BROADCAST SCRIPTS: PRINTED BROADCAST SCRIPTS All are divided in half vertically LEFT HALF: TECHNICAL DETAILS/INSTRUCTIONS RIGHT HALF ANCHOR/REPORTER TRACK The more complicated the story, the more complicated the script Many examples found in book PRINTED BROADCAST SCRIPTS: PRINTED BROADCAST SCRIPTS IN CLASS EXERCISE: IN CLASS EXERCISE Watch a news broadcast in class Identify each story as requested as one of the 5 types discussed today in class in this format: STORY DESCRIPTION /TYPE OF STORY FORM 5 BASIC STORY FORMS: 5 BASIC STORY FORMS The READER (no video) The VO: VOICE-OVERS (video) The VO/SOT: VOICE-OVERS/SOUND ON TAPE (video + sound) The Reporter PACKAGE (video + sound + narration) The DONUT (package + reporter is live) LOOKING AHEAD…: LOOKING AHEAD… NO CLASS NEXT WEEK (3/21) SO ENJOY YOUR BREAK!
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