COMM 118 BCJ - PP#3 - Chapter Two

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Information about COMM 118 BCJ - PP#3 - Chapter Two

Published on February 20, 2014

Author: ericluther355



BROADCAST JOURNALISM: CHAPTER #2: BROADCAST JOURNALISM: CHAPTER #2 Selecting Stories and Starting to Write SCRIPT REVIEW: SCRIPT REVIEW IS THE LEAD IN PRESENT/FUTURE TENSE? IS THE LEAD AND YOUR STORY CONVERSATIONAL? IS YOUR SPELLING, GRAMMAR AND PUNCTUATION CORRECT? DID YOU USE EMPHASIS AND PAUSES? DID YOU SOUND LIKE YOU WERE TALKING INSTEAD OF JUST READING? NEWSWORTHINESS: NEWSWORTHINESS It’s how one decides what stories are worth covering Deciding what your audience wants to see/hear = GATEKEEPING Someone has to decide what stories to cover by using “news judgment” GOAL: Infotainment = information presented in an entertaining way CRITICISM: Entermation = entertainment with only a dash of information NEWSWORTHINESS: PROXIMITY: NEWSWORTHINESS: PROXIMITY WHERE an event occurs is important - what happens locally is more important to local viewers than what happens elsewhere LOCAL NEWS: One local death = Five elsewhere in the state = 20 elsewhere in the country = Hundreds elsewhere in the world Proximity = Coverage Possibility How local or national or global your programming is determines your proximity range NEWSWORTHINESS: TIMELINESS: NEWSWORTHINESS: TIMELINESS WHEN an event occurs is important - how current or “now” is the story? Can you get it live? Tendency to favor stories breaking/happening closer or during actual newscast time Older stories can suffer in terms of show coverage “If it’s already been in the newspaper, it’s too old for your TV newscast” Advancing the story is key to being timely - give the latest developments as the lead NEWSWORTHINESS: IMPACT: NEWSWORTHINESS: IMPACT WHICH stories will have the greatest impact on the greatest number of viewers? Big Stories = the ones everyone’s going to cover Smaller Stories = the ones you’re going to cover “Small” Emotional Stories can have a great impact on audiences Number of people involved can maximize impact – large crowds mean large interest The importance of a story – how much does it matter and to whom? NEWSWORTHINESS: PROMINENCE: NEWSWORTHINESS: PROMINENCE WHO has the news happened to? A person’s standing in society and general importance plays a large role in a story’s newsworthiness Be careful fame, rather than prominence, doesn’t become your only criteria for newsworthiness Human Interest Stories = “little” people can make for good stories, too NEWSWORTHINESS: CONFLICT: NEWSWORTHINESS: CONFLICT Disagreement makes for good stories and even better video Confrontations are popular topics but must be treated carefully and without embellishment Showing conflict simply for conflict’s sake runs the risk of turning your newscast into The Jerry Springer Show Conflict is at the heart of most news stories and drives human interest – there’s a fine line between reporting on conflict and exploiting conflict NEWSWORTHINESS: SIMPLICITY: NEWSWORTHINESS: SIMPLICITY CAN we cover this story with our limitations? Is it too complex to cover in the time we have allotted? TV NEWS = HEADLINE SERVICE “Complex” stories can often be made simple – ask yourself what the most important/interesting part of it is and highlight that as your lead Refer viewers/listeners to your website if appropriate – but be sure there’s really something there worth seeing! OTHER NEWSWORTHINESS FACTORS : OTHER NEWSWORTHINESS FACTORS Can we get good video and natural sound? Stories are often dropped if they don’t have good pictures and/or sound – why use the broadcast time for a non-visual/non-sound story? What else is happening? Has something big happened that’s going to determine story choices? Or is it a slow news day? What are viewers/listeners talking about? NEWSWORTHINESS: NEWS PHILOSOPHY : NEWSWORTHINESS: NEWS PHILOSOPHY A set of values a station uses to emphasize some stories over other stories What kind of station are you? What can a viewer/listener expect to see/hear? GATEKEEPING: GATEKEEPING Deciding what stories to run = GATEKEEPING Important job = what you decide to cover can help the public decide what’s important and what’s not because they rely on the media to help them make sense of all the news in the world NEWSWORTHINESS FACTORS: NEWSWORTHINESS FACTORS PROXIMITY TIMELINESS IMPACT PROMINENCE CONFLICT SIMPLICITY PAGE F TEST: PAGE F TEST Presenting stories in the most clear, concise way possible = broadcast journalism Answering 5 W’s & the H (plus the So What?) PAGE F Test applied to scripts helps achieve these goals PAGE F TEST: PAGE F TEST P = PRECISE WORDS? A = ACCURACY? G = GERMANE? E = EQUITABLY? F = FLOW? PAGE F TEST: PAGE F TEST P = PRECISE WORDS? Are your words exact and to the point? Are you saying what you mean to say? Is there any confusion as to what you mean? Are you certain what you want to say? PAGE F TEST: PAGE F TEST A = ACCURACY? Is your story accurate? Have you gotten names, dates, times, etc. correct? Have you made assumptions about basic facts/spellings/pronunciations? Have you avoided your own bias? PAGE F TEST: PAGE F TEST G = GERMANE? Is what you’ve written truly relevant to the story? Is it the most important information? Have you decided what the story is about? Make a one sentence summary commitment to the story before writing! PAGE F TEST: PAGE F TEST E = EQUITABLY? Have you been fair to all parties involved? Different than political correctness – this is about being accurate Have you tried to cover both/all sides? Have you taken anything for granted? PAGE F TEST: PAGE F TEST F = FLOW? Does your story flow? Is it pleasant to listen to when read aloud? Does it make sense when read aloud? Do your sentences flow logically together? NEWSWORTHINESS + CHECKING: NEWSWORTHINESS + CHECKING Knowing WHAT to cover is the first step in effective broadcast journalism Checking HOW you cover stories is the second step in effective broadcast journalism LOOKING AHEAD…: LOOKING AHEAD… WRITING GREAT LEADS BASIC TV STORY TYPES NEWSROOM VIDEOS

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