Colourful japanese 3

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Information about Colourful japanese 3
Education

Published on March 2, 2014

Author: RoboticZamat

Source: slideshare.net

Description

For one of the groups I help out with on FB.
Learn Japanese.

鈴 花 COLOURFUL JAPANESE 3 Polite, past sentences Réka Tóth Farkas, 2014

ABOUT THESE SLIDES [READ FIRST] • Probably the best way to start learning Japanese is to copy and practice example sentences by changing only one word or grammar at a time and understanding what that changes compared to the original sentence. This will not only help you learn the phonetic alphabets (and kanji) used in Japanese, but also help get a ‘feel’ for how sentences are put together. The best way to do this is by hand. • Each slide has simple example sentences are given in romanji, hiragana / katakana and kanji (Chinese characters). It is a very good idea to start learning all three characters used in the language as soon as possible as going back and learning again is both tedious and horrendously tiring. Also, it is often much easier to remember the words if you know the kanji! • Also, Japanese does NOT USE SPACES BETWEEN WORDS in written form. The change between words is also signified by a change in the type of character used (hiragana, katakana, kanji). This is another important reason why you should learn all three types of character as soon as possible in order to use the language properly. • The parts of the sentences are all colour-coded (and with not correct, but more literal translations) to help facilitate easier and faster comprehension from the reader and to help memorization of sentence patterns.

6 BASIC VERBS • Verbs Japanese is a conjugational language. This means that while there are not so many root words (relatively speaking), there are many conjugations to learn in order to express yourself properly in the language. • We will be learning 6 basic verbs to go with each conjugation as we go along in these slides. These are the following in their standard, or dictionary forms (never mind the verb classification for now): • • • • • • 行く 見る 食べる 飲む 来る する いく みる たべる のむ くる する iku miru taberu nomu kuru suru to go to see to eat to drink to come to do go-dan verb ichi-dan verb ichi-dan verb go-dan verb irregular irregular

POLITE, PAST TENSE VERB CONJUGATION • ~ました This conjugation is the first type many people learn. It is a past tense, polite verb conjugation that you may use quite frequently. So it is very useful • went 行く いく iku → 行きました → いきした → ikimashita • saw 見る → 見した みる → みした miru → mimashita

POLITE, PAST TENSE VERB CONJUGATION • ate 食べる → 食べました たべる → たべました taberu → tabemashita • drank 飲む → 飲みました のむ → のみました Nomu → nomimashita

POLITE, PAST TENSE VERB CONJUGATION • came 来る → 来ました くる → きました kuru → kimashita • did する → しました する → しました Suru → shimashita

NOTES • Note The last syllable of the verb will change to end with ‘i’ and then continue with ~mashita if the verb is a go-dan verb. If the verb is an ichi-ban verb, it will simply drop the ‘ru’ and change this for the ~mashita. • Note There are only two irregular verbs (suru and kuru), so these are simple to remember.

PRACTICE ・練習 れんしゅう RENSHUU • Now it is your turn to further your own progress. • The next step is to use the words and sentence patterns to change the sentences we saw before to make new ones. • Use some of the words in the following, vocabulary slide in order to make things more interesting. • Make sure that when you make new sentences that you are always thinking of what the new sentence actually means. • Post your sentences to have them checked by you fellow learners and Learn Japanese admin! 

PRACTICE・練習 れんしゅう RENSHUU 私は学校へ行きました。 わたしはがっこうへいきました。 watashi wa gakkou e ikimashita. I went to school. あなたは学校 に来ました。 あなたはがっこうにきました。 anata wa gakkou ni kimashita You went to school. 猫は魚を食べました。 ねこはさかなをたべました。 neko wa sakana wo tebemashita. (The) cat ate fish.

PRACTICE・練習 れんしゅう RENSHUU 今日、犬は水を飲みました。 きょう、いぬはみずをのみました。 kyou, inu wa mizu wo nominashita. Today, (the) dog drank water. 私は友達とテニスをしました。 わたしはともだちとテニスをしました。 watashi wa tomodaci to tenisu wo shimashita. I played tennis with a friend(s). 母さんはショッピングに行きました。 かあさんはショッピングにいきました。 kaasan wa shopping ni ikimashita. Mum went shopping.

PRACTICE・練習 れんしゅう RENSHUU お父さんは仕事へ来ましたか。 おとうさんは しごとへきましたか。 otousan wa shigoto e kimashita ka. Did Father came to work? 先生はごはんを食べましたか。 せんせいはごはんをたべましたか。 sensei wa gohan wo tabemashita ka. Did Teacher eat (the) meal? 今日、生徒は勉強をしましたか。 きょう、せいとはべにょうをしました。 kyou, seito wa benkyou wo shimashita. Today, (the) student did study.

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海外モデ | 06/06/15
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即日発送 | 07/06/15
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送料無料 | 07/06/15
こんにちは | あなた介してすべての、私は読書を楽しみます。 I |あなたをサポートするために、少しコメントを書くことができ、などたかったです。 [url=http://www.pinokyokirtasiye.com]送料無料新品[/url]
全品ポイ | 25/08/15
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