Colorectal Cancer

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Information about Colorectal Cancer

Published on March 11, 2014

Author: apjohncancerinstitut


PowerPoint Presentation: Welcome To A. P. John Institute for Cancer Research The A.P. John Institute for Cancer Research was founded in 1978 by Angelo P. John, Sr., a molecular biologist specializing in cancer research. PowerPoint Presentation: The colon and rectum are parts of the body's digestive system and together form a long, muscular tube called the large intestine. The colon is the first 6 feet of the large intestine and the rectum is the last 8-10 inches. Treatment approaches differ between cancers of the colon or rectum. Adenocarcinoma refers to cancer that begins in the cells that line the colon or large intestine and accounts for over 90%-95% of cancers originating in the colon. Other cancers, including carcinoid and leiomyosarcoma, also originate in the colon, but are not referred to as colon cancer. This treatment overview deals only with adenocarcinoma of the colon, which will be referred to as colon cancer. Colorectal Cancer What is Colorectal Cancer? PowerPoint Presentation: There are ways to prevent colorectal cancer — screening tests are the most effective. Most cases of the disease begin as non-cancerous polyps (grape-like growths) on the lining of the colon and rectum. These polyps can become cancerous. Removing these polyps can prevent colorectal cancer from ever developing. Approximately 90 percent of colorectal cancers and deaths are thought to be preventable. Colorectal Cancer Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors PowerPoint Presentation: Information about the prevention of cancer and the science of screening appropriate individuals at high-risk of developing cancer is gaining interest. Physicians and individuals alike recognize that the best "treatment" of cancer is preventing its occurrence in the first place or detecting it early when it may be most treatable. Colorectal Cancer Colorectal Cancer, What to Look For PowerPoint Presentation: Fecal Occult-Blood Test (FOBT) Flexible sigmoidoscopy Colonoscopy Double-contrast barium enema Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) Predictive genetic testing DNA stool test Virtual colonoscopy Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Colorectal Cancer Colorectal Cancer Tests PowerPoint Presentation: Stage I or A-B1 : Cancer is confined to the lining of the colon. Stage II or B2-3 : Cancer may penetrate the wall of the colon into the abdominal cavity or other adjacent organs but does not invade any local lymph nodes. Stage III or C1-3 : Cancer invades one or more of the local lymph nodes but has not spread to other distant organs. Stage IV or D : Cancer has spread to distant locations in the body, which may include the liver, lungs, bones or other sites. Recurrent/Relapsed : Colon cancer has progressed or returned (recurred/relapsed) following initial treatment. Colorectal Cancer Colorectal Cancer Stages PowerPoint Presentation: The treatment of colon cancer typically consists of surgery and/or chemotherapy and may involve several physicians, including a gastroenterologist, a surgeon, a medical oncologist and other specialists. Care must be carefully coordinated between the various treating physicians involved in management of the cancer. Colorectal Cancer Colorectal Cancer Treatment PowerPoint Presentation: Colorectal Cancer Contact Us 1-800-625-4190

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