Cognitives and metacognitives strategies.

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Information about Cognitives and metacognitives strategies.
Education

Published on March 12, 2014

Author: Nrvz

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LEARNING STRATEGIES Daniela Narvaez Alandete. Lic. Lenguas extranjeras. Universidad de Sucre Group 2

WHAT ARE LEARNING STRATEGIES? 'Learning strategies are mental steps or operations that learners use to learn a new language and to regulate their efforts to do so'. To a greater or lesser degree, the strategies and learning styles that someone adopts 'may partly reflect personal preference rather than innate endowment' (Skehan, 1998: 237).

COGNITIVE STRATEGIES

WHAT ARE COGNITIVE STRATEGIES? According to O'Malley and Chamot (1990: 44), cognitive strategies 'operate directly on incoming information, manipulating it in ways that enhance learning‘. Learners may use any or all of the following cognitive strategies:

METACOGNITIVE STRATEGIES

WHAT ARE THE METACOGNITIVE STATEGIES? According to Wenden (1998: 34), 'metacognitive knowledge includes all facts learners acquire about their own cognitive processes as they are applied and used to gain knowledge and acquire skills in varied situations'. In a sense, metacognitive strategies are skills used for planning, monitoring, and evaluating the learning activity; 'they are strategies about learning rather than learning strategies themselves' (Cook, 1993: 114).

SOME OF THESE STRATEGIES:

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