Published on March 13, 2014
Jaime francisco rivero monsalve
Cognitive skills are the ones that we start to understand the information received and the way we process to structure and store them in memory before being used. They are the facilitators of knowledge and are as follows: attention understanding elaboration memorization / recovery
Attention is the ability of someone to understand things or objective, take it into account or consideration. From the point of view of psychology, attention is not a unique concept, but attributed to a variety of phenomena name. Traditionally, it has been considered in two different ways, but related. On the one hand, attention as a quality of perception refers to the function of attention as filter environmental stimuli, deciding which are the most relevant stimuli and giving priority through the concentration of psychic activity on the target, for further processing in consciousness. On the other hand, attention is understood as the mechanism that controls and regulates cognitive processes, from learning by conditioning to complex reasoning.
Understanding is a process by which mental creation , based on some data from a sender, the receiver creates an image of the message you want to convey. This is necessary to give meaning to data we received. When we use the term "data" we refer to any information that can be used for grasping a message. Data can be of different types : words, concepts , relationships, implications , formats, structures can be linguistic, cultural, social , etc. . The process of understanding , contrary to what is commonly believed , it is not a passive process. Rather, it is a process which requires much of the receiver by more activity or expression process . Basically , we could say that the process of understanding is to isolate , identify and consistently unite some external data with available data . The process of understanding itself, is the same in all cases but vary the means and the data that we will use to carry it out. An example will help us understand this idea : when a mime takes a representation we are able to understand the message we want to convey but do not use words , when we read a letter we are able to understand it but do not see the expression on the face of the sender when a friend described her vacation spot we can imagine although we have never seen ...
To understand the meaning of 'development' we can say that this is the work process, construction and preparation of materials, objects, or things to transform them into more complex elements. The development can occur on raw materials and other material objects, as well as in theoretical spaces when talking about developing hypotheses, theories or speeches. The preparation is then the first instance of building any kind of human knowledge because it is the form which is given to what would later become the result of the operation.
It is the ability of man to record, store, and at any given time; reproduce certain information. But do not store everything, but what is important to select, to conserve and omit the rest. Memory is one of the necessary conditions for learning to occur. Learning occurs when the contents of memory after the stimulus has been exposed changes. The information is not recorded objectively and not associated significantly to the previous contents of the long-term memory does not produce results, is left out of the process and therefore is quickly forgotten.
planning: involves selecting strategies and resources appropriate enforcement applications, for example, do an analysis which is the best strategy for finding the central idea of the text. check: check the result of the strategies implemented, review their effectiveness, do a self-assessment of how we are understanding, store or retrieve information from learning. Note: refers to the regulatory process and the result of our understanding and learning. monitoring: observing and assessing the effectiveness of the strategy used or modified in relation to process the results. Access: refers not only to knowledge but the ability to acquire this knowledge at the right time is needed.
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Excerpted from Assessing and Developing Metacognitive Skills, The Teaching Professor, 23.10 (2009): 3, 6. Add Comment.
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