CoCollage C&T2009

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Information about CoCollage C&T2009
Technology

Published on June 27, 2009

Author: gumption

Source: slideshare.net

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"Supporting Community in Third Places with Situated Social Software" presentation at the 4th International Conference on Communities and Technologies (C&T 2009), http://cct2009.ist.psu.edu/

Supporting Community in Third Places with Situated Social Software Joseph F. McCarthy 1 , Shelly D. Farnham 2 , Yogi Patel 1 , Sameer Ahuja 3 , William R. Hazlewood 4 , Daniel Norman 1 , Josh Lind 5 1 Strands Labs Seattle 2 Waggle Labs, 3 Virginia Tech, 4 Indiana Univ, 5 ReadyDone

In case of excessive speed … http://www.slideshare.net/ gumption (tag: cct2009 ) View the slides and follow along / catch up later:

Agenda The promise and problems of third places Situated social software The Strands Community Collage (CoCollage) Study: impact on Trabant Coffee community Neighboring factor of sense of community Dependency factor of place attachment Related, recent & future work Communities, technology, commerce

The promise and problems of third places

Situated social software

The Strands Community Collage (CoCollage)

Study: impact on Trabant Coffee community

Neighboring factor of sense of community

Dependency factor of place attachment

Related, recent & future work

Communities, technology, commerce

Third Places First Place: Home Second Place: Work Third Place: Community

First Place: Home

Second Place: Work

Third Place: Community

Great, Good Places The Great, Good Place: Cafés, Coffee Shops, Bookstores, Bars, Hair Salons and Other Hangouts at the Heart of a Community Ray Oldenburg, 1989 ‘ homes away from home’, where unrelated people relate the full spectrum of local humanity inclusive sociability ease of association

The Great, Good Place: Cafés, Coffee Shops, Bookstores, Bars, Hair Salons and Other Hangouts at the Heart of a Community

Ray Oldenburg, 1989

‘ homes away from home’, where unrelated people relate

the full spectrum of local humanity

inclusive sociability

ease of association

Characteristics of Third Places On neutral ground A leveler Conversation is main activity Accessibility and accommodation Regulars Low profile Mood is playful Home away from home

On neutral ground

A leveler

Conversation is main activity

Accessibility and accommodation

Regulars

Low profile

Mood is playful

Home away from home

Promise of Third Places Personal Novelty Perspective Spiritual tonic Friends by the set Community Political role Habit of association Agency of control and a force for good Outposts on the public domain

Personal

Novelty

Perspective

Spiritual tonic

Friends by the set

Community

Political role

Habit of association

Agency of control and a force for good

Outposts on the public domain

Perils of [technology in] Third Places Cyber-nomads are “ hollowing out ” cafés that offer WiFi, rendering them “ physically inhabited but psychologically evacuated” leaving people “ more isolated than they would be if the café were merely empty.” -- James E. Katz, Professor of Communications, Rutgers University “Contextual effects” – Hampton, et al.

Local variations on the theme

How can technology enhance community within cafés? Three observations … and a solution

Maintaining Friendships through Online Social Media ambient intimacy “ being able to keep in touch with people with a level of regularity and intimacy that you wouldn’t usually have access to” Leisa Reichert http://www.disambiguity.com/ambient-intimacy/ http://www.slideshare.net/leisa/ambient-intimacy continuous partial friendship David Weinberger http://www.hyperorg.com/backissues/joho-may04-07.html

ambient intimacy

“ being able to keep in touch with people with a level of regularity and intimacy that you wouldn’t usually have access to”

Leisa Reichert

http://www.disambiguity.com/ambient-intimacy/

http://www.slideshare.net/leisa/ambient-intimacy

continuous partial friendship

David Weinberger

http://www.hyperorg.com/backissues/joho-may04-07.html

Situated Software Clay Shirky, March 2004 Software designed in and for a particular social situation or context NOT Web School: scalability, generality, and completeness the application must be useful to the community; the community must be useful to the application http://www.shirky.com/writings/situated_software.html See also: “ Communities, Audiences & Scale” http://shirky.com/writings/community_scale.html “ What is Social Informatics and Why Does It Matter?” Rob Kling, D-Lib Magazine, January 1999 Socio-technical systems: people, technology, institutional & cultural contexts

Clay Shirky, March 2004

Software designed in and for a particular social situation or context

NOT Web School: scalability, generality, and completeness

the application must be useful to the community; the community must be useful to the application

http://www.shirky.com/writings/situated_software.html

See also:

“ Communities, Audiences & Scale”

http://shirky.com/writings/community_scale.html

“ What is Social Informatics and Why Does It Matter?”

Rob Kling, D-Lib Magazine, January 1999

Socio-technical systems: people, technology, institutional & cultural contexts

Existing “technologies” for enhancing community in cafés

What if we could … Leverage the attributes of offline community “technologies” Photos, art, sketches, quotes, flyers Apply situated software design principles Design for the context of a café Bring the richness of online social networking into the physical spaces we share with others Spark conversation & connection in the real world Ambient intimacy in physical spaces

Leverage the attributes of offline community “technologies”

Photos, art, sketches, quotes, flyers

Apply situated software design principles

Design for the context of a café

Bring the richness of online social networking into the physical spaces we share with others

Spark conversation & connection in the real world

Ambient intimacy in physical spaces

The Strands Community Collage (CoCollage) A large computer display showing a collage of photos and quotes uploaded to a special web site by patrons and staff in a café or other community-oriented place.

CoCollage features People Stuff (photos & quotes) Commenting, voting Uploading Messaging The big screen

Sharing your stuff Facebook photos Quotes Flickr photos Photos from your computer Photos via email

Conversations & Connections Comment, vote, flag Public & private messages Online Offline

Initial deployment: Trabant Coffee

A favorite photo

Study 1 Good pace of adoption in first month 82 out of an estimated 400 regulars joined CoCollage Questionnaire results shows that people who a) are looking to connect with others b) already have a psychological sense of community at the café c) already feel place attachment to the café, are more likely to join CoCollage and start conversations Psychological sense of community for place and place attachment are meaningful constructs in predicting adoption of a place-based community technology Measuring the Impact of Third Place Attachment on the Adoption of a Place-Based Community Technology Shelly D. Farnham, Joseph F. McCarthy, Yagnesh Patel, Sameer Ahuja, Daniel Norman, William R. Hazlewood, Josh Lind Proc. of the 27th Int'l. Conf on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2009) , 2153 - 2156.

Good pace of adoption in first month

82 out of an estimated 400 regulars joined CoCollage

Questionnaire results shows that people who

a) are looking to connect with others

b) already have a psychological sense of community at the café

c) already feel place attachment to the café,

are more likely to join CoCollage and start conversations

Psychological sense of community for place and place attachment are meaningful constructs in predicting adoption of a place-based community technology

Study 2: Impact over time How does CoCollage impact sense of community and place attachment over time? 2 months after initial deployment Semi-structured interview with owners Log analysis Questionnaires Study 1: After 1 week; 24 participants Study 2: After 2 months; 19 participants (10 from study 1) New questionnaire: 15 [mostly non-user] members of community

How does CoCollage impact sense of community and place attachment over time?

2 months after initial deployment

Semi-structured interview with owners

Log analysis

Questionnaires

Study 1: After 1 week; 24 participants

Study 2: After 2 months; 19 participants (10 from study 1)

New questionnaire: 15 [mostly non-user] members of community

Size and Activity of Community Owners are dedicated to developing a strong community, and have positive attitude towards technology Café community: Approx. 400 “regulars” visit at least once a week 48% male, 52% female, mean age = 29 23% students, 51% white collar/professional Level of activity at cafe: At any point in time, 17 people in the café 23 new people each hour Stayed an average of 25 minutes each Type of activities at cafe: 64% sat down to drink their coffee 38% came in with friends, chatted with each other 12% chatted with barista, 2 chatted across the table Questionnaire: Chatting with friends (65%), reading (46%), working on laptop (39%)

Owners are dedicated to developing a strong community, and have positive attitude towards technology

Café community:

Approx. 400 “regulars” visit at least once a week

48% male, 52% female, mean age = 29

23% students, 51% white collar/professional

Level of activity at cafe:

At any point in time, 17 people in the café

23 new people each hour

Stayed an average of 25 minutes each

Type of activities at cafe:

64% sat down to drink their coffee

38% came in with friends, chatted with each other

12% chatted with barista, 2 chatted across the table

Questionnaire:

Chatting with friends (65%),

reading (46%),

working on laptop (39%)

Usage after 1 month vs. 2 months Percentage of users who engaged in each type of activity, with means

Types of images shared Random sample of 150 images, after 2 months of use

Place Attachment & Neighboring Dependency component of place attachment : the extent to which people rely on the café to have their needs met Neighboring component of sense of community : the extent to which people visit each other’s homes and do each other favors Place Attachment Neighboring

Dependency component of place attachment : the extent to which people rely on the café to have their needs met

Neighboring component of sense of community : the extent to which people visit each other’s homes and do each other favors

Examples of interactions? coco has made me stare at the screen longer at peoples pictures. i usually get my drink in a mug so i can stay in Trabant and since im already there, i usually sit and study as well, whereas before, i would get a to-go drink and run off to the library. It has greatly improved my people watching at Trabant. I think in some ways made me even bit more extroverted then I was before. I have enjoyed the feedback and comments both on the site and in person regarding my stuff

coco has made me stare at the screen longer at peoples pictures. i usually get my drink in a mug so i can stay in Trabant and since im already there, i usually sit and study as well, whereas before, i would get a to-go drink and run off to the library.

It has greatly improved my people watching at Trabant. I think in some ways made me even bit more extroverted then I was before. I have enjoyed the feedback and comments both on the site and in person regarding my stuff

What do you like about CoCollage? I like seeing everyone's pictures and how it makes Trabant feel like a little community . Get to see what other Trabant customers are up to. Really get to see the diversity of U. District. Some of the pictures are really lovely - and the kinds of photos overall tell a lot about Trabant’s style and that of their customers . The friendly atmosphere it creates its fun to add pictures to the collage while you're enjoying a cup of joe. I love visiting with my friends there and looking up and seeing one of our pictures on the screen, then we get to talk about it. Its a great conversation piece .

I like seeing everyone's pictures and how it makes Trabant feel like a little community .

Get to see what other Trabant customers are up to. Really get to see the diversity of U. District.

Some of the pictures are really lovely - and the kinds of photos overall tell a lot about Trabant’s style and that of their customers .

The friendly atmosphere it creates

its fun to add pictures to the collage while you're enjoying a cup of joe.

I love visiting with my friends there and looking up and seeing one of our pictures on the screen, then we get to talk about it. Its a great conversation piece .

What do you dislike about CoCollage? get a bigger screen i dislike that it becomes a centerpiece rather than part of the ambiance Oddly, I feel more isolated at times by watching photos of people I don't know From a user who rated increase in interactions as “6” and increase in sense of community as “7”

get a bigger screen

i dislike that it becomes a centerpiece rather than part of the ambiance

Oddly, I feel more isolated at times by watching photos of people I don't know

From a user who rated increase in interactions as “6” and increase in sense of community as “7”

How can we improve CoCollage? I wish I could switch past ugly, weird or bad photos and spend more time on the nice ones. I would like rating scale to be able rank which pictures and stuff come up more often. Maybe an rfid card instead of swipe card to be able to tap and go to login. I would love to see it in more locations . Be able to rank my items for display .

I wish I could switch past ugly, weird or bad photos and spend more time on the nice ones.

I would like rating scale to be able rank which pictures and stuff come up more often. Maybe an rfid card instead of swipe card to be able to tap and go to login. I would love to see it in more locations . Be able to rank my items for display .

What is CoCollage? a social networking system bringing web 2.0 interaction to real life by allowing users to upload photos to a public display Picture sharing. Picasa for your local coffee / espresso store [The café]’s Facebook page is playing on a big screen. innovative funky intrusion a tv

a social networking system bringing web 2.0 interaction to real life by allowing users to upload photos to a public display

Picture sharing. Picasa for your local coffee / espresso store

[The café]’s Facebook page is playing on a big screen.

innovative

funky

intrusion

a tv

Survey To what extent did CoCollage increase … * Interactions in café Sense of community in café * on scale of 1 to 7, where 1 = “not at all” and 7 = “extremely so” (81% > 1) (95% > 1)

* on scale of 1 to 7, where 1 = “not at all” and 7 = “extremely so”

Related Work

Related Work: Proactive Displays Augmenting the Social Space of an Academic Conference Joseph F. McCarthy, David W. McDonald, Suzanne Soroczak, David H. Nguyen and Al M. Rashid ACM 2004 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2004) Proactive Displays: Supporting Awareness in Fluid Social Environments David W. McDonald, Joseph F. McCarthy, Suzanne Soroczak, David H. Nguyen and Al M. Rashid ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interactions (TOCHI), Vol. 14, No. 4, January 2008 promoting awareness and interactions at a conference AUTOSPEAKERID, TICKET2TALK, NEIGHBORHOOD WINDOW

Related Work: Proactive Displays The Context, Content & Community (C3) Collage promoting awareness and interactions in the workplace The Context, Content & Community Collage: Sharing Personal Digital Media in the Physical Workplace Joseph F. McCarthy, Ben Congleton, F. Maxwell Harper ACM 2008 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2008)

Related Work (1) eyeCanvas (FXPAL) Interactive community bulletin board Canvas Gallery, SF Churchill, et al. , CHI 2006 PlaceSite Location-based web community Three SF cafés Savage, et al. , 2006 Jukola (Appliance Studio) Mobile + wall displays Selecting music in Bristol cafe O’Hara, et al. , DIS 2004 CowCam (Intel) Webcam + figurines + display Urban Grind café, Portland March, et al. , CHI 2005

eyeCanvas (FXPAL)

Interactive community bulletin board

Canvas Gallery, SF

Churchill, et al. , CHI 2006

PlaceSite

Location-based web community

Three SF cafés

Savage, et al. , 2006

Jukola (Appliance Studio)

Mobile + wall displays

Selecting music in Bristol cafe

O’Hara, et al. , DIS 2004

CowCam (Intel)

Webcam + figurines + display

Urban Grind café, Portland

March, et al. , CHI 2005

Related Work: Research (2) Notification Collage (University of Calgary) Public display + desktop displays University research lab Greenberg & Rounding, CHI 2001 PlasmaPoster (FXPAL) Interactive community bulletin board Corporate, conference, café contexts Churchill, Nelson, et al. , C&T 2003, … BlueBoard (IBM Almaden) Shared display for collaboration Corporate meeting space Russell & Gossweiler, UbiComp 2001 CityWall (Helsinki IIT) Multi-touch screen in city center Flickr photos tagged with “helsinki” Interactions with, vs. through, display Peltonen, et al. , CHI 2008

Notification Collage (University of Calgary)

Public display + desktop displays

University research lab

Greenberg & Rounding, CHI 2001

PlasmaPoster (FXPAL)

Interactive community bulletin board

Corporate, conference, café contexts

Churchill, Nelson, et al. , C&T 2003, …

BlueBoard (IBM Almaden)

Shared display for collaboration

Corporate meeting space

Russell & Gossweiler, UbiComp 2001

CityWall (Helsinki IIT)

Multi-touch screen in city center

Flickr photos tagged with “helsinki”

Interactions with, vs. through, display

Peltonen, et al. , CHI 2008

Related Work: Research (3) Meme Tags (MIT) Wearable, interpersonal displays Academic sponsor meetings Borovoy, et al. , CSCW 1998 Opinionizer (Sussex) Shared display at social events Interaction through typed input Brignull & Rogers, INTERACT 2003 Dynamo (Sussex) High school setting Interaction via USB disk Brignull & Rogers, INTERACT 2003 AgentSalon (ATR) Interaction via PalmGuides (PDAs) Conversations mediated by animated agents Sumi & Maase, Autonomous Agents 2001

Meme Tags (MIT)

Wearable, interpersonal displays

Academic sponsor meetings

Borovoy, et al. , CSCW 1998

Opinionizer (Sussex)

Shared display at social events

Interaction through typed input

Brignull & Rogers, INTERACT 2003

Dynamo (Sussex)

High school setting

Interaction via USB disk

Brignull & Rogers, INTERACT 2003

AgentSalon (ATR)

Interaction via PalmGuides (PDAs)

Conversations mediated by animated agents

Sumi & Maase, Autonomous Agents 2001

Related Work: Research (4) Manhattan Story Mashup (Nokia) Urban game: web + phones + screen Times Square, New York Tuulos, et al. , Pervasive 2007 ProD Framework for Proactive Displays (U. Mich) Generic architecture for proactive displays Congleton, et al. , UIST 2008 Twitterspace (Indiana University) Large display in campus lounge Dynamic visualization of group “tweets” Hazlewood, et al. , PDC 2008 Public and Situated Displays O’Hara, Perry, Churchill, Russell

Manhattan Story Mashup (Nokia)

Urban game: web + phones + screen

Times Square, New York

Tuulos, et al. , Pervasive 2007

ProD Framework for Proactive Displays (U. Mich)

Generic architecture for proactive displays

Congleton, et al. , UIST 2008

Twitterspace (Indiana University)

Large display in campus lounge

Dynamic visualization of group “tweets”

Hazlewood, et al. , PDC 2008

Related Work: Research (5) “ true mobiles” and “placemakers”

Related Work: Commercial Awareness / Interactions at Events Digital Signage Captivate TV ClearChannel, et al. RippleTV Danoo

Related Work: Atoms vs. Bits http://keepposted.com

Related Work: low tech wearables Life as a grand experiment Nametag worn daily since 2000 Front porch philosophy Reciprocal self-disclosure self disclosure is reciprocal respective to the level of intimacy that you have revealed I’ll show you my name if you show me yours http://gumption.typepad.com/blog/2005/05/whats_in_a_name.html http://gumption.typepad.com/blog/2005/06/reciprocal_self.html

Life as a grand experiment

Nametag worn daily since 2000

Front porch philosophy

Reciprocal self-disclosure

self disclosure is reciprocal respective to the level of intimacy that you have revealed

I’ll show you my name if you show me yours

OneKeyAway / MatchlinC OneKeyAway Singles mixers in LA / SF Bay area; since May 2004 Questionnaire: 64 true-false questions about sex, religion, drug use, how you spend your spare time, etc “ I just want to get people together and talk about relationships … to discuss the questions, talk about their habits and personality traits. I think the device facilitates that.” – Edwin Duterte MatchlinC: personality compatibility device a mini “relationship advisor” Infrared “zapping” Three color codes (stoplight): red, amber, green) Reminiscent of Lock & Key, Lovegety, Meme Tags

OneKeyAway

Singles mixers in LA / SF Bay area; since May 2004

Questionnaire:

64 true-false questions about sex, religion, drug use, how you spend your spare time, etc

“ I just want to get people together and talk about relationships … to discuss the questions, talk about their habits and personality traits. I think the device facilitates that.” – Edwin Duterte

MatchlinC: personality compatibility device

a mini “relationship advisor”

Infrared “zapping”

Three color codes (stoplight): red, amber, green)

Reminiscent of Lock & Key, Lovegety, Meme Tags

Nokia Sensor “ See and be Seen”

Related Work: Alone Together Two Hours of Joint Solitude http://www.coffeegeek.com/opinions/cafestage/10-19-2005 Alone Together http://blogs.parc.com/playon/

Recent developments

Future Work Community characteristics / success metrics Which types of communities have we been most successful in cultivating? Technology How can we improve CoCollage (better cultivation)? Commerce How do we create an economically sustainable model to support CoCollage?

Community characteristics / success metrics

Which types of communities have we been most successful in cultivating?

Technology

How can we improve CoCollage (better cultivation)?

Commerce

How do we create an economically sustainable model to support CoCollage?

Community characteristics Greater awareness, interactions, relationships – between who? Potential factors Café (or other third place) Size, location (neighborhood), longevity Community Size, regularity Engagement: owners, staff, customers Technology use: laptops, mobile phones, SMS, web, SNS CoCollage Placement, features (e.g., card reader) Promotion by / within community Community by the Numbers www.LifeWithAlacrity.com

Greater awareness, interactions, relationships – between who?

Potential factors

Café (or other third place)

Size, location (neighborhood), longevity

Community

Size, regularity

Engagement: owners, staff, customers

Technology use: laptops, mobile phones, SMS, web, SNS

CoCollage

Placement, features (e.g., card reader)

Promotion by / within community

Technology How important is presence? Sense & respond paradigm Small group effect (Shirky) Avoiding YASNS syndrome More [engaged] users Walk-up participation: Cammie Community overview Contests

How important is presence?

Sense & respond paradigm

Small group effect (Shirky)

Avoiding YASNS syndrome

More [engaged] users

Walk-up participation: Cammie

Community overview

Contests

Community-oriented advertising Leveraging existing practices

Leveraging existing practices

Markets Are Conversations “ The first markets were filled with people, not abstractions or statistical aggregates; they were the places where supply met demand with a firm handshake. Buyers and sellers looked each other in the eye, met, and connected. The first markets were places for exchange, where people came to buy what others had to sell -- and to talk.” “ Conversation is a profound act of humanity. So once were markets.” “ Conversation may be a distraction in factories that produce replaceable products for replaceable consumers, but it’s intimately tied to the world of craft, where the work of hands expresses the voice of the maker.” “ People are talking in the new market because they want to, because they’re interested, because it’s fun.”

“ The first markets were filled with people, not abstractions or statistical aggregates; they were the places where supply met demand with a firm handshake. Buyers and sellers looked each other in the eye, met, and connected. The first markets were places for exchange, where people came to buy what others had to sell -- and to talk.”

“ Conversation is a profound act of humanity. So once were markets.”

“ Conversation may be a distraction in factories that produce replaceable products for replaceable consumers, but it’s intimately tied to the world of craft, where the work of hands expresses the voice of the maker.”

“ People are talking in the new market because they want to, because they’re interested, because it’s fun.”

Thanks! For more information: mccarthy AT strands DOT com http://cocollage.com http://gumption.typepad.com http://www.slideshare.net/gumption Yogi Patel Tech Lead Shelly Farnham Research Consultant Joe McCarthy Principal Instigator Josh Lind Designer / Developer Dan Norman Design Lead Sameer Ahuja (former intern) Richie Hazlewood (former intern) Tyler Phillipi Bus Dev Manager

For more information:

mccarthy AT strands DOT com

http://cocollage.com

http://gumption.typepad.com

http://www.slideshare.net/gumption

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