Coal Facts 2013 Demand Supply

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Information about Coal Facts 2013 Demand Supply
Business & Mgmt

Published on January 1, 2014

Author: DivyanshuDayal



World Coal Association

Coal Facts 2013 Based on 2012 IEA and BP data published in 2013 Coal provides 29.9% of global primary energy needs and generates 41% of the world's electricity. It is also used in the production of 70% of the world’s steel. Total world coal production reached a record level of 7830Mt in 2012. This represents an annual growth of 2.9%. Total Global Coal Production (including hard coal and lignite) • 7830Mt (2012e) • 7608Mt (2011) • 4677Mt (1990) Top Ten Coal Producers (2012e) PR China USA India Indonesia Australia 3549Mt 935Mt 595Mt 443Mt 421Mt Russia South Africa Germany Poland Kazakhstan 359Mt 259Mt 197Mt 144Mt 126Mt Top Ten Steam Coal Producers (2012e) PR China USA India Indonesia South Africa 3039Mt 782Mt 504Mt 440Mt 258Mt Russia Australia Kazakhstan Colombia Poland 201Mt 200Mt 108Mt 85Mt 68Mt Top Ten Coking Coal Producers (2012e) PR China Australia USA Russia India 1 510Mt 147Mt 81Mt 75Mt 47Mt Canada Mongolia Ukraine Kazakhstan Poland 31Mt 21Mt 18Mt 13Mt 12Mt World Coal Association, 5th Floor Heddon House, 149-151 Regent Street, London, W1B 4JD t: +44 (0) 20 7851 0052 f: +44 (0) 20 7851 0061 e:

Total Global Brown Coal/Lignite Production • 905Mt (2012e) • 911Mt (2011) • 1184Mt (1990) Top Ten Brown Coal Producers (2012e) Germany Russia Australia USA Turkey 185Mt 78Mt 73Mt 72Mt 66Mt Poland Greece Czech Republic India Serbia 64Mt 62Mt 43Mt 43Mt 38Mt Reserves There are two internationally recognised methods for assessing world coal reserves. The first one is produced by the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) and is used by the IEA as the main source of information about coal reserves. The second one is produced by the World Energy Council (WEC) and is used by the BP Statistical Review of World Energy. According to BGR there are 1038 billion tonnes of coal reserves left, equivalent to 132 years of global coal output in 2012. Coal reserves reported by the BP are much lower - 861 billion tonnes, equivalent to 109 years of coal output. Coal in Electricity Generation Mongolia South Africa Poland PR China 98% 94% 86% 81% Australia India Israel Indonesia 69% 68% 59% 44% Germany USA UK Japan 43% 43% 29% 27% Coal & Steel Approximately 13% (over 1 billion tonnes) of total coal production is currently used by the steel industry and around 70% of total global steel production is dependent on coal. World Coal Trade 2010 2011 2012 Steam 789Mt 857Mt 963Mt Coking 282Mt 283Mt 290Mt Lignite 5Mt 4Mt 3Mt Top Coal Exporters (2012e) Indonesia Australia Russia USA 2 Total of which 383Mt 301Mt 134Mt 114Mt Steam 380Mt 159Mt 116Mt 51Mt Coking 3Mt 142Mt 18Mt 63Mt World Coal Association, 5th Floor Heddon House, 149-151 Regent Street, London, W1B 4JD t: +44 (0) 20 7851 0052 f: +44 (0) 20 7851 0061 e:

Colombia South Africa Canada Total of which 82Mt 74Mt 35Mt Steam 82Mt 74Mt 4Mt Coking 0Mt 0Mt 31Mt Top Coal Importers (2012e) PR China Japan India South Korea Chinese Taipei Germany UK Total of which 289Mt 184Mt 160Mt 125Mt 64Mt 45Mt 45Mt Steam 218Mt 132Mt 123Mt 94Mt 56Mt 36Mt 40Mt Coking 71Mt 52Mt 37Mt 31Mt 8Mt 9Mt 5Mt Source: 2013 Edition of the IEA Coal Information, 2013 Edition of the BP Statistical Review of World Energy September 2013 3 World Coal Association, 5th Floor Heddon House, 149-151 Regent Street, London, W1B 4JD t: +44 (0) 20 7851 0052 f: +44 (0) 20 7851 0061 e:

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