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Coaching Youth Basketball - 2006

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Information about Coaching Youth Basketball - 2006
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Published on January 14, 2009

Author: aSGuest10508

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Coaching Youth Basketball : Coaching Youth Basketball SYA Basketball Coaches Training Class Winter 2005-2006 D. Vennergrund, R. Korman, F. Krebs Goal of this Class : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 2 Goal of this Class Develop Confident, Competent Basketball Coaches To accomplish this goal, we will provide Information Resources Contacts Why Now? : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 3 Why Now? SYA Basketball relies on volunteer coaches, overwhelmingly parents Some are drafted! Over time our experienced coaches retire Our new coaches need a strong foundation on which to build Our experienced coaches can benefit from a refresher Agenda : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 4 Agenda Part 1 – Coaching Fundamentals Part 2 – Communication Part 3 – Safety Part 4 – Volunteer Building Director Part 5 – Resources Part 1 – Coaching Fundamentals : Part 1 – Coaching Fundamentals What is a Coach? Exercise 1 – Your Memories : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 6 Exercise 1 – Your Memories As a child, who was your most favorite coach? List three attributes that best describe your coach: Exercise 1 – Your Memories : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 7 Exercise 1 – Your Memories As a child who was your least favorite coach? List three attributes that best describe your coach: What is a coach? : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 8 What is a coach? A teacher A leader A friend A role model A guide A parent A sibling Coaches Primary Responsibilities : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 9 Coaches Primary Responsibilities Provide a safe physical and emotional learning environment Communicate in a positive manner Teach the tactics and skills of basketball Teach the rules of basketball Direct players in competition Help players become fit and value fitness for a lifetime Help young people develop character Tools to being an Effective Coach : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 10 Tools to being an Effective Coach C – Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Comprehension : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 11 Comprehension Understand the basic elements of basketball: rules, tactics, and skills. How can you improve your comprehension? Field Study Research Practice Comprehension – Field Study : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 12 Comprehension – Field Study Attend local youth league, high school, college, and pro games. Attend basketball clinics SYA Coaching Clinics Volunteer at basketball clinics Comprehension – Field Study : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 13 Comprehension – Field Study Attend referee training clinics SYA Referee Clinics Work with more experienced coaches Watch games on TV with a purpose Comprehension – Research : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 14 Comprehension – Research Books Organizations (AAU, YBOA, etc.) Web Sites Tools to being an Effective Coach : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 15 Tools to being an Effective Coach C – Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Outlook : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 16 Outlook What is your coaching outlook? What are your goals? What are your priorities? Self-Evaluation #1 : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 17 Self-Evaluation #1 What would make you most proud? Knowing each player enjoyed playing for you. Seeing that all players improved their basketball skills. Winning the league championship. Self-Evaluation #2 : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 18 Self-Evaluation #2 Which statement best reflects your thoughts about sport? If it isn’t fun, don’t do it. Everyone should learn something every day. Sport isn’t fun if you don’t win. Self-Evaluation #3 : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 19 Self-Evaluation #3 How would you like your players to remember you? As a coach who was fun to play for. As a coach who provided a good base for fundamental skills. As a coach who had a winning record. What is your Outlook ? : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 20 What is your Outlook ? A’s - Having fun is most important to you. B’s - Skill Development attracts you to coaching C’s - Winning is your top priority Is there a right answer here? What Outlook does SYA want of it’s coaches? : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 21 What Outlook does SYA want of it’s coaches? Athletes First, … Winning Second Winning is an important part to competition -- but second to the athletes well-being, development, and enjoyment. Tools to being an Effective Coach : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 22 Tools to being an Effective Coach C – Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Affection – What is it? : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 23 Affection – What is it? A genuine concern for the players in your care A love for kids A desire to share your love and knowledge of the game The patience and understanding to allow every participant to grow in their development in basketball How to Demonstrate Affection (1) : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 24 How to Demonstrate Affection (1) Make an effort to get to know each player on your team Use their first names as soon and as often as you can Treat each player as an individual Empathize with players trying to learn new and difficult skills It takes 6-8 weeks to master a new skill How to Demonstrate Affection (2) : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 25 How to Demonstrate Affection (2) Treat players as you would like to be treated Always be in control of your emotions Show your enthusiasm for being involved with your team Keep an upbeat and positive tone in all your communications Especially e-mail ! Tools to being an Effective Coach : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 26 Tools to being an Effective Coach C – Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Character – Be a Good Role Model : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 27 Character – Be a Good Role Model How can you build character in your players? By modeling appropriate behaviors for sport and life. Think of kids as Xerox machines -- they will copy everything you say and do … Not just what you “preach” Demonstrating Good Character : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 28 Demonstrating Good Character Challenge, support, encourage, and reward every player Be in control of your emotions before, during, and after every practice and game If you make a mistake - do not be afraid to admit you were wrong. Tools to being an Effective Coach : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 29 Tools to being an Effective Coach C – Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Humor : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 30 Humor Humor is a very powerful tool. When people are laughing most of their defensive mechanisms are down -- you can pour in the knowledge. Use humor to respond to miscues and other mishaps. Don’t dwell on the negative, and never ridicule a player or play. How to Inject Humor into Practices : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 31 How to Inject Humor into Practices Make practice fun by including a variety of activities if you find yourself bored or running a stale practice - call us -- we have 100’s of activities to share. Keep all players involved in games and skills work Limit the standing around watching time Consider laughter to be a sign of enjoyment, not a problem -- but praise Smile ! Tools to being an Effective Coach : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 32 Tools to being an Effective Coach C – Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Part 2 – Communication : Part 2 – Communication Sending and Receiving Information Communication : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 34 Communication What is communication? Sending and Receiving Information Verbal Communications Non-verbal Communications Our actions speak louder than our words ! Sending Effective Verbal Messages : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 35 Sending Effective Verbal Messages Be positive and honest Don’t nag Don’t use cheerful clichés that cover-up issues Use Positive Words: AND, Nice idea, good attempt, try to, do Avoid Negative Words: BUT, NOT, next time don’t, you need to, you should Sending Effective Verbal Messages : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 36 Sending Effective Verbal Messages Start with what was good, then what needs to be improved. Players will listen to constructive criticism in small doses when given large amounts of worthy praise. Sending Effective Verbal Messages : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 37 Sending Effective Verbal Messages State it clearly and simply Organize your thoughts before you speak Be accurate, brief, and helpful Use language your players will understand Don’t go on and on Sending Effective Verbal Messages : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 38 Sending Effective Verbal Messages Say it loud enough, and say it again. Use a loud, clear voice - players will tune out garbled and weak commands Enthusiasm can motivate your players But don’t dominate the practice with a constant, booming voice If at first they do not understand, say it again in a slightly different way Use Verbal Short-Cuts “BEEF”, “Up and Wide”, “Finish”, “Attack”, “Deny” Sending Effective Verbal Messages : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 39 Sending Effective Verbal Messages Be consistent Stay on message Don’t contradict yourself Never use sarcasm with a child “Way to Go” after a mistake is confusing and corrosive to a players spirits Sending Non-Verbal Messages : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 40 Sending Non-Verbal Messages Be consistent in verbal and non-verbal communications Your gestures always trump your words Use appropriate facial expressions Your face tells all - and the players will study it like a map – smile Use appropriate body language What does head down and shoulders slumped tell you? Hands on your hips and jaw-clenched? Sending Non-Verbal Messages : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 41 Sending Non-Verbal Messages Use appropriate physical contact A hand shake or high five A pat on the shoulder An arm around the back A Hug Are all appropriate and human ways of showing concern, approval, and joy. Be pleasant, confident, and vigorous! Receiving Information : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 42 Receiving Information To communicate effectively one must be a good receiver! Pay Attention focus on the verbal and non-verbal messages Listen Actively give full attention establish eye contact repeat back what you’ve heard, paraphrase show that you care Constructive Feedback : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 43 Constructive Feedback When a mistake is made, everyone knows it, ignore it and focus on the solution. Which do you prefer to hear? Don’t pass the ball to the post when she is double teamed! When the post is double teamed look to pass to the open wing. Destructive Feedback : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 44 Destructive Feedback The following are comments heard in recent SYA games: That’s You Tim – That’s your man What are you doing? What were you thinking ? Don’t pass it to Bob, he can’t catch it But we need to “coach” them : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 45 But we need to “coach” them Yes - and we will in a positive manner: Tim – close on your man when he is one pass away from the ball That’s You Tim – That’s your man Holly – set up “13” and go left What are you doing? Good idea Caitlyn - try it again What were you thinking ? Nice pass John, Bob catch it ready to shoot Don’t pass it to Bob, he can’t catch it Communicating with Parents : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 46 Communicating with Parents Parents need to know that their children are in safe and knowledgeable hands. How can you put the parents at ease? Pre-Season Meeting Open Lines of Communication Get them involved Pre-Season Parent Meeting : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 47 Pre-Season Parent Meeting Describe your background and approach to coaching Present your goals for the team Give your preferred method of communication Is it cell phone, email, or face-to-face? Welcome their questions and concerns here and throughout the season Explain your communication guidelines Pre-Season Parent Meeting : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 48 Pre-Season Parent Meeting Encourage them to communicate directly with you if concerns arise Review SYA Code of Conduct Review Parents Game Conduct Describe inherent risks in basketball Parents Game Conduct : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 49 Parents Game Conduct Positive Cheering Respect for the coach Respect for the opponent Respect for the referees Respect for the game Avoid common problems Parents who “assist” the referees Parents who “coach” from the sidelines On-Going Communication with Parents : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 50 On-Going Communication with Parents Be sure to keep the lines of communication open to parents throughout the season. Send messages, solicit feedback Be proactive Getting Parents Involved : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 51 Getting Parents Involved Practice Day Run a skills station Volunteer Building Director Assistant Coach Game Day Scoreboard or Book Statistics Video Assistant Coach Communication with Opponents : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 52 Communication with Opponents No opponent means no game. We are thankful we have an opponent - they are not the enemy. Tips Visit with the opposing coach before the game Do not be dragged into a feud with the opponents Get along with opposing coach -- competition is on the floor not bench Communicating with Referees : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 53 Communicating with Referees Your communication to the referees is extremely influential on your players. YOU MUST SET A GOOD EXAMPLE. How to Treat Referees Greet referees with a handshake, introduce yourself, and if time permits visit a moment. Always show respect for the referees before, during, and after the game. Never make disrespectful remarks or body gestures. Thank them after the game. Communicating with Referees : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 54 Communicating with Referees Coaches who “assist” the referees by “calling the game” create numerous problems: Players respect for the referee is diminished. Referees patience will wear thin -- who wants the game on the line when it wears out. Players focus on external circumstances (excuses) in place of internal effort. Referees may respond with less desirable efforts. If you absolutely must discuss a topic with a referee, find a quiet time (time-out, half-time, etc.) and address the referee one-on-one with respect in a quiet voice that no one can overhear. Part 3 – Safety : Part 3 – Safety Be prepared for the unexpected Planning for Safety : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 56 Planning for Safety An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Safety Topics: Physical conditioning Equipment and facilities inspection Matching athletes to inherent risks Proper supervision and record keeping Environmental conditions Physical Conditioning : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 57 Physical Conditioning To play basketball safely, players must be fit in two ways: Cardio-Respiratory Fitness Muscular Fitness Cardio-Respiratory Fitness : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 58 Cardio-Respiratory Fitness How do we make players “cardio” fit? Run - But don’t just run Setup multiple stations, enlist parents and assistant coaches, always have the players in motion. Start slow and add activity -- challenge your players, and monitor their progress. Encourage players to include cardio exercise at home (run, bike, swim, etc.) between practices. 20 to 30 minutes everyday of elevated heart rate is ideal. Muscular Fitness : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 59 Muscular Fitness The ability of muscles to sustain strenuous activity for longer periods. Muscular fitness includes strength muscle endurance power speed flexibility Muscular Fitness : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 60 Muscular Fitness How do we make players “muscular” fit? Stretch Work the muscles with passing drills, shooting drills, defensive drills, etc Setup multiple stations, enlist parents and assistant coaches, have players in motion. Start slow and add activity -- challenge your players, and monitor their progress. Encourage players to include strength training at home (weights, cross training) between practices. 2 to 3 sessions per week will build flexibility and muscle strength. Muscular Fitness : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 61 Muscular Fitness Muscular fitness can prevent injuries but should an injury occur, fitness minimizes damage and speeds recovery. Caveats: Younger children may be too immature to develop much muscle mass - their focus should be on endurance and flexibility. Putting Fitness into Practice : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 62 Putting Fitness into Practice Warm-up Stretch, loosen-up, get warm Develop Cardio Fitness Drills with running Develop Muscular Fitness Drills with motor skills Cool-Down Reduce heart rate Monitor every player Pulse, Respiration Rate, Recovery Equipment and Facilities Inspection – Every Session : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 63 Equipment and Facilities Inspection – Every Session Inspect Facility and make it SAFE Common Issues in SYA gyms Slick Floors Obstructions Gymnastics Equipment Volleyball Standards Broken or mal-adjusted Rims Matching Athletes to Risks : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 64 Matching Athletes to Risks Assign players appropriate match-up 12 year olds can vary by 1 foot and 90 pounds – don’t put your players at risk Advise parents of the inherent risks of basketball – it is a contact sport Discuss mouth guards, goggles, and athletic support in the pre-season parent meeting No Pockets in Shorts No Jewelry No Hard Casts Proper Supervision : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 65 Proper Supervision As the coach you must provide proper supervision at all times to prevent injury Prevent dangerous activity Stop horse-play Monitor physical exertion to keep players safe Respond when the unexpected happens Responding to Injury : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 66 Responding to Injury Be Prepared Recent CPR and First-Aid Training Carry a First-Aid Kit Have an Emergency Plan Cell Phone Players Contact Sheet in your possession Submit an injury report to the league commissioner First-Aid and CPR Training : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 67 First-Aid and CPR Training We encourage all coaches to be certified in Basic First Aid CPR Certification Sources Red Cross BSA SYA Injury Report : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 68 SYA Injury Report Who was injured? Contact Information When? Where? What action was taken? Send Information ASAP to Basketball President - Frank Krebs SYA Office - Alice Putnam Include your contact information Environmental Conditions : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 69 Environmental Conditions Heat is our primary concern Be sure to hydrate and re-hydrate often Adjust practice to conditions Recommend proper clothing If you practice outdoors – be aware of other environmental hazards High winds Thunderstorms – Lightning Excessive heat and humidity Part 4 – Volunteer Building Director : Part 4 – Volunteer Building Director Be a Good Guest VBD Program : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 71 VBD Program Must have at least one VBD in every practice or game Cannot coach and be the VBD in a game setting – need a second per team Must be in a database this year ! Saves us $35 per hour 200 Teams practice 3 hours per week = 600 hours X $35 = $21,000 per week VBD Program : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 72 VBD Program Simple Rules Respect the school and school employees No food or drink Top Problems Schedule conflicts Personality conflicts Minor damage Younger siblings Security VBD – Get Your Team Certified : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 73 VBD – Get Your Team Certified Watch Video or Go Online https://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/rec/Team_Sports/VolBld_Dir.htm Recruit two others to take the test Send your commissioner a list Wear the Badge ! Part 5 – Resources : Part 5 – Resources Be a Student of the Game Books : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 75 Books Coaching Youth Basketball, American Sport Education Program Coaching Basketball Successfully, Morgan Wootten Coaching Girl’s Basketball Successfully, Jill Hutchinson Bird on Basketball, Larry Bird Basketball for Dummies, Digger Phelps Free Throw, Dr. Tom Amberry Important Links : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 76 Important Links SYA Basketball http://www.syasports.org/ Coaches Registration https://www.youthleaguesusa.com/sya/2006/Volunteer.html Fairfax County CRS http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/rec/Team_Sports/Athletic_Services.htm Virginia High School League http://www.vhsl.org/ Centreville High School http://www.fcps.edu/CentrevilleHS/activity/winter/index.htm Westfield High School http://www.fcps.k12.va.us/WestfieldHS/athletics/athletics.htm Local Coaches : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 77 Local Coaches SYA Select Coaches John Cleveland Otto Jones Ed Knox Robert Korman Dave Vennergrund Tom Watson Area HS Coaches Pat Deegan Wally Horton Mike Johnson Brian Doyle National Organizations : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 78 National Organizations AAU www.aaugirlsbasketball.org www.aauboysbasketball.org ASEP - American Sport Education Program On-line Certification in 2004 www.asep.com NFHS - National Federation of High Schools www.nfhs.org Positive Coaching Alliance SYA Clinics coming Soon !!! YBOA www.yboa.org Your Assignment : Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 79 Your Assignment Provide a safe learning environment Communicate in a positive manner Teach the tactics, skills, and rules of basketball Direct players in competition Help players become fit for a lifetime Help young people develop character

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