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Information about CMM

Published on July 11, 2013

Author: rudysl



Capability Maturity Model

CMM (Capability Maturity Model)

CMM • Capability Maturity Model disingkat CMM : model kematangan  kemampuan (kapabilitas) proses yang dapat membantu  mendefinisikan akan pemahaman proses-proses dalam suatu  organisasi.  • Dimulai pada tahun 1986 oleh SEI (Software Engineering Institute)  Departemen Pertahanan Amerika Serikat  • Awalnya : Alat penilaian kemampuan kontraktor pemerintah untuk  menangani proyek perangkat lunak yang diberikan. Walaupun  berasal dari bidang pengembangan perangkat lunak, model ini  dapat juga diterapkan sebagai suatu model umum yang membantu  pemahaman kematangan kapabilitas proses organisasi di berbagai  bidang. Misalnya rekayasa perangkat lunak, rekayasa sistem , manajemen proyek, manajemen risiko, teknologi informasi,  serta manajemen sumber daya manusia. • Meskipun masih secara luas digunakan sebagai alat umum, pada  bidang pengembangan perangkat lunak, CMM telah digantikan  oleh CMMI (Capability Maturity Model Integration). CMM sendiri  telah diganti namanya menjadi SE-CMM (Software Engineering CMM).

Maturity Levels • 1. Initial • 2. Repeatable • 3. Defined • 4. Managed • 5. Optimizing “Most organizations are at level 1, at best level 2”

Capability Maturity Model Initial (1) Repeatable (2) Defined (3) Managed (4) Optimizing (5)

Level 1 - Initial • Adhoc or Chaotic • Engineering vs. Creativity • Success is people dependent • Process “Out of Control” • Cannot predict results

Level 2 - Repeatable • Basic processes in place • Processes are project oriented • Project management, Configuration Management, Quality Control and Requirements management are in use

Level 3 - Defined • Organization wide process focus by now • Organization Processes defined; however, tailoring by projects is allowed • Process data base very important • Training, Peer reviews

Level 4 - Managed • Quantitative measures being used extensively for predicting quality goals • Process data base used for doing so. • An engineered organization - that can accurately predict what it will do

Level 5 - Optimizing • PARADIGM Shift – Defect detection to defect prevention – Why did the problem occur? • Assess Processes to fine tune continuously • Basis of process improvements is now factual

Capability Maturity Model Initial (1) Repeatable (2) Defined (3) Managed (4) Optimizing (5)

Struktur CMM MATURITY LEVELS KEY PROCESS AREAS COMMON FEATURES Activities KEY PRACTICES Process Capability indicate achieve Goals describe address Institutionalization

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