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CML2117 Introduction to Law 2008, Lecture 13

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Information about CML2117 Introduction to Law 2008, Lecture 13
Education

Published on October 24, 2008

Author: kaplanmyrth

Source: slideshare.net

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Today: Public Law: Constitutional Law: Federalism

Public Law vs. Private Law

Constitutional Law in Canada

Federalism (division of powers) Charter Law (next week)

Entrenched statutes Organic statutes Court decisions Unwritten aspects

Schedule of entrenched statutes

Unwritten Aspects * Principles (from the preamble to the 1867 Constitution) including: * Federalism * Democracy * Rule of Law * Judicial decisions (Privy Council and Supreme Court) * Conventions

Division of Powers Constitution Act, 1867, ss. 91 and 92.

Division of Powers Feds: ss. 91, 96 and 101 Provs: ss. 92 and 93

Division of Powers Feds: POGG + enumerated powers Provs: only enumerated powers

Division of Powers Conflicts between the jurisdictions

Division of Powers • Watertight compartments approach –e.g. s. 92(13) > s. 91(2) –e.g. s. 92(16) > POGG

Division of Powers • Living Tree doctrine –Contrasts with Watertight Compartments –Contrasts with US Framers’ Intent approach –Comes from Privy Council in “Persons Case”, Edwards v. A.G. of Canada

Division of Powers Double Aspect approach

Double Aspect approach • In relation to what matter? consider “pith and substance” • A matter may have fed and prov “aspects” • Feds and Provs can both legislate in relation to a matter if they are addressing different aspects of it • In case of contradiction, Federal legislation wins: doctrine of “paramountcy”

Double Aspect approach • In relation to what matter? consider “pith and substance” • A matter may have fed and prov “aspects” • Feds and Provs can both legislate in relation to a matter if they are addressing different aspects of it • In case of contradiction, Federal legislation wins: doctrine of “paramountcy”

Pith and Substance Walter v. A.G. Alberta, 1947 • Land ownership or religion?

Pith and Substance Ward v. Canada, 2002 • Contracts or fisheries?

Pith and Substance Munro v. NCC, 1966 • Land use or something federal?

Pith and Substance R. v. Morgentaler, 1993 • Health care or criminal law?

Next class… • Federalism, constitutional reform and Quebec: • Quebec Secession Reference, [1998] 2 S.C.R. 217

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