Published on March 11, 2014
Human ecosystems and the local level Dr. Joshka Wessels Political Ecology and Water
Groups A and B A: Emil Dickson, Jurate Miliute-Plepiene, Lina Herbertsson, William Davis, Lovisa Nilsson B: Emma Li Johansson, Hanna Alfredsson, Karmen Sumic Lina Eklund, Natalya Yakusheva, Nina Weitz
Group Exercise Scales in Environmental Governance (Module 1) • Write as many environmental spaces and places you can think of, each on a separate post-it note (10 mins). • Write as many levels and scales you can think of (local, regional, national etc.) (10 mins) • Group the environmental spaces according to best levels of governance, if there are interlinkages include those too. (15 mins) • Prepare and present results to the other group and discuss (20 mins)
Complex systems Amaral & Ottino (2004) attempt to give a definition; a complex system is a system with a large number of elements, building blocks or agents, capable of interacting with each other and with their environment. “New ecology” proposes theory and methods to address the dynamics of ecosystems as complex systems (Able & Stepp, 2003).
The Human Ecosystem
Human Ecosystems and the Local Level Human ecosystems as “human- dominated ecosystems in which the human species is the central agent” Vitousek and Mooney (1997)
Jordan River Basin
Main Challenges in the JRB • Global climatic changes • Regional depletion of groundwater • No permanent agreements btwn riparians • Contradicting agreements • Dysfunctional water committees • No relevance of the UNSC resolutions • Negative impacts on watersheds, ecosystems and individual livelihoods
Hydro Hegemony Hydro-hegemony is hegemony at the river basin level, achieved through water resource control strategies such as resource capture, integration and containment – Zeitoun & Warner Hegemon •Riparian position •Military or economic power •Exploitation potential infrastructure & technology
Occupied Golan Heights
Hydropolitics at local level
Perpetuation of Conflict • Competition for resources (selfishness) • Status quo perpetuated through competition to maintain a hydro-hegemonic position • Liberal peace building takes the politics out of water, into the technocratic domain • No chance for reconciliation or processing of past traumas before restoring trust • Consisting negative mental pictures and mistrust
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